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Algebraic geometry and Bethe ansatz. Part I. The quotient ring for BAE

Abstract In this paper and upcoming ones, we initiate a systematic study of Bethe ansatz equations for integrable models by modern computational algebraic geometry. We show that algebraic geometry provides a natural mathematical language and powerful tools for understanding the structure of solution space of Bethe ansatz equations. In particular, we find novel efficient methods...

Dynamics of a globular protein and its hydration water studied by neutron scattering and MD simulations

This review article describes our neutron scattering experiments made in the past four years for the understanding of the single-particle (hydrogen atom) dynamics of a protein and its hydration water and the strong coupling between them. We found that the key to this strong coupling is the existence of a fragile-to-strong dynamic crossover (FSC) phenomenon occurring at around TL...

Design of Bionic Cochlear Basilar Membrane Acoustic Sensor for Frequency Selectivity Based on Film Triboelectric Nanogenerator

Sensorineural hearing loss tops the list of most suffering disease for the sake of its chronic, spirit pressing, and handicapped features, which can happen to all age groups, from newborns to old folks. Laggard technical design as well as external power dependence of conventional cochlear implant cumbers agonized patients and restrict its wider practical application, driving...

MEMS Inertial Sensor for Strata Stability Monitoring in Underground Mining: An Experimental Study

To investigate the fracture and deformation characteristics of the strata in underground mining as well as the effectiveness and sensitivity of the MEMS inertial sensor for strata stability monitoring, a low cost, small size, and easy implementation inertial MEMS sensor module was redeveloped. Sensor modules were installed on roof strata in an underground mining equivalent...

Can the world’s favorite fruit, tomato, provide an effective biosynthetic chassis for high-value metabolites?

Tomato has a relatively short growth cycle (fruit ready to pick within 65–85 days from planting) and a relatively high yield (the average for globe tomatoes is 3–9 kg fruit per plant rising to as much as 40 kg fruit per plant). Tomatoes also produce large amounts of important primary and secondary metabolites which can serve as intermediates or substrates for producing valuable...

Risk factors for esophageal fistula in patients with locally advanced esophageal carcinoma receiving chemoradiotherapy

Risk factors for esophageal fistula in patients with locally advanced esophageal carcinoma receiving chemoradiotherapy Yang Zhang,1,* Zongjuan Li,2,* Wei Zhang,1,* Wei Chen,1 Yipeng Song1 1Department

Vibration Analysis of Bilayered Graphene Sheets for Building Materials in Thermal Environments Based on the Element-Free Method

Graphene sheets are widely applied due to their unique and highly valuable properties, such as energy conservation materials in buildings. In this paper, we investigate the vibration behavior of double layer graphene sheets (DLGSs) in thermal environments which helps probe into the mechanism of energy conservation of graphene sheets in building materials. The nonlocal elastic...

Vibration Analysis of Bilayered Graphene Sheets for Building Materials in Thermal Environments Based on the Element-Free Method

Graphene sheets are widely applied due to their unique and highly valuable properties, such as energy conservation materials in buildings. In this paper, we investigate the vibration behavior of double layer graphene sheets (DLGSs) in thermal environments which helps probe into the mechanism of energy conservation of graphene sheets in building materials. The nonlocal elastic...

Long-term in vitro culture and preliminary establishment of chicken primordial germ cell lines

Contributions Conceptualization: Linglin Kong, Lingling Qiu, Guobin Chang. Data curation: Linglin Kong, Xin Zhang, Bowen Chen. Funding acquisition: Yang Zhang, Guobin Chang. Methodology: Linglin Kong ... , Lingling Qiu, Qixin Guo, Ying Chen, Xin Zhang, Bowen Chen. Project administration: Linglin Kong, Lingling Qiu, Qixin Guo, Yang Zhang, Guobin Chang. Resources: Yang Zhang, Guobin Chang. Visualization

Saliency-based deep convolutional neural network for no-reference image quality assessment

In this paper, we proposed a novel method for No-Reference Image Quality Assessment (NR-IQA) by combining deep Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with saliency map. We first investigate the effect of depth of CNNs for NR-IQA by comparing our proposed ten-layer Deep CNN (DCNN) for NR-IQA with the state-of-the-art CNN architecture proposed by Kang et al. (2014). Our results show...

Food safety knowledge, attitude and self-reported practice of secondary school students in Beijing, China: A cross-sectional study

: Yinchu Cheng, Yang Zhang. Funding acquisition: Siyan Zhan. 10 / 13 Investigation: Yinchu Cheng, Yang Zhang. Methodology: Jun Ma, Siyan Zhan. Resources: Jun Ma. Supervision: Siyan Zhan. Writing ... ± original draft: Yinchu Cheng. Writing ± review & editing: Yang Zhang, Jun Ma, Siyan Zhan. 11 / 13 12 / 13 1. Subba Rao GM , Sudershan RV , Rao P , Vishnu Vardhana Rao M , Polasa K. Food safety knowledge

Interference coordination in full-duplex HetNet with large-scale antenna arrays

China (No. 61371094) ORCID: Zhao-yang ZHANG Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), small cell, and full-duplex are promising techniques for future 5G communication systems, where interference has

Maximal cuts in arbitrary dimension

We develop a systematic procedure for computing maximal unitarity cuts of multiloop Feynman integrals in arbitrary dimension. Our approach is based on the Baikov representation in which the structure of the cuts is particularly simple. We examine several planar and nonplanar integral topologies and demonstrate that the maximal cut inherits IBPs and dimension shift identities...

Antibacterial Effects of Leaf Extract of Nandina domestica and the Underlined Mechanism

Aim. The study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial and antiasthmatic effects of Nandina domestica leaf extract, to find out its active components, and to assess its safety issue. Methods. (1) Solid-phase agar dilution method was used for antibacterial activity test of nandina leaf extract and the change of bacterial morphology after treatment was observed under the...

Microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of rheo-squeeze casting AZ91-Ca alloy during heat treatment

The rheo-squeeze casting (RSC) process is a newly-developed casting process for high-performance components. In order to further improve the mechanical properties of magnesium alloys, AZ91-2wt.%Ca (AZX912) alloy was prepared by the RSC process and then subjected to heat treatment. The microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of AZX912 alloy during heat treatment were...

Optimization strategy of mobile data transmission based on optimal crowd feedback

In order to eliminate the factors that restrict the performance of wireless network data transmission, we proposed the optimal control mechanism of wireless network data transmission. The proposed mechanism solves the intelligence problem of the feedback loop, the mobility of relay nodes, and the feedback of the receiving end. On the one hand, to eliminate the external...