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Air Emissions Mitigation from Aviary Cage-free Hen Litter

Engineering and Animal Science, Iowa State University (ISU); Yang Zhao, Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Mississippi State University; Tong Wang, Professor

Cyclodextrin-containing hydrogels as an intraocular lens for sustained drug release

. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Lei Wang, Siquan Zhu. Formal analysis: Yang Zhao. Funding acquisition: Kaijie Wang. Resources: Xiaohui Yang. Supervision: Siquan Zhu. Writing ± original draft

Hong Kong Hospital Authority resource efficiency evaluation: Via a novel DEA-Malmquist model and Tobit regression model

the Department Editor for their constructive comments and suggestions, which have greatly improved the exposition of this paper. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hainan Guo, Yang Zhao, Tie Niu ... , Kwok-Leung Tsui. Data curation: Hainan Guo, Tie Niu. Formal analysis: Hainan Guo, Yang Zhao. Funding acquisition: Hainan Guo, Yang Zhao, Kwok-Leung Tsui. Investigation: Hainan Guo. Methodology: Hainan

Hydrogen storage properties of MgH2 co-catalyzed by LaH3 and NbH

To improve the hydrogen storage properties of Mg-based alloys, a composite material of MgH2 + 10wt%LaH3 + 10wt%NbH was prepared by a mechanical milling method. The composite exhibited favorable hydrogen desorption properties, releasing 0.67wt% H2 within 20 min at 548 K, which was ascribed to the co-catalytic effect of LaH3 and NbH upon dehydriding of MgH2. By contrast, pure MgH2, ...

Bevacizumab and risk of intracranial hemorrhage in patients with brain metastases: a meta-analysis

Administration of bevacizumab to patients with brain metastases (BM) is controversial due to concerns about the increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). This meta-analysis assessed whether the risk of ICH increases in BM patients receiving treatments that contain bevacizumab versus without. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and annual meeting abstracts of the American ...

Relationship between ancient bridges and population dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin, China

It has been suggested that population growth dynamics may be revealed by the geographic distribution and the physical structure of ancient bridges. Yet, this relationship has not been empirically verified. In this study, we applied the archaeological records for ancient bridges to reveal the population growth dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin in late imperial China. We ...

Seven-CpG-based prognostic signature coupled with gene expression predicts survival of oral squamous cell carcinoma

Background DNA methylation has started a recent revolution in genomics biology by identifying key biomarkers for multiple cancers, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the most common head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Methods A multi-stage screening strategy was used to identify DNA-methylation-based signatures for OSCC prognosis. We used The Cancer Genome Atlas ...

Rapid development of cyanobacterial crust in the field for combating desertification

Desertification is currently a major concern, and vast regions have already been devastated in the arid zones of many countries. Combined application of cyanobacteria with soil fixing chemicals is a novel method of restoring desertified areas. Three cyanobacteria, Nostoc sp. Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault, Phormidium sp. Kützing ex Gomont and Scytonema arcangeli Bornet ex Flahault ...

Isoflurane promotes phagocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils through AMPK-mediated ADAM17/Mer signaling

. Acknowledgments We are grateful to Rong Hu (undergraduate, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA) for editing and proofreading the text. 19 / 22 Author Contributions Conceptualization: You-Yang ... Zhao, Guochang Hu. Formal analysis: Xueke Du, Yang Lv, Guochang Hu. Funding acquisition: Guochang Hu. Investigation: Xueke Du, Chunling Jiang, Yang Lv. Methodology: Xueke Du, Chunling Jiang, Yang Lv

The morphological regeneration and functional restoration of bladder defects by a novel scaffold and adipose-derived stem cells in a rat augmentation model

Background Due to the multilineage differentiation ability and paracrine role of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for bladder defect repair, various scaffolds have been applied in combination with ASCs to promote bladder regeneration and restore bladder function. However, the low survival rate of ASCs and the difficulty of promoting bladder functional recovery are still unsolved. ...

Financial protection of rural health insurance for patients with hypertension and diabetes: repeated cross-sectional surveys in rural China

Background The New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) in rural China has been expanding in both population coverage and benefit package. China has also established an essential medicine policy in recent years to further reduce patients’ medical expenditures and financial burden. This study aims to evaluate the impact of these policies on reducing medical expenditures and financial ...

An unusual combined thymic carcinoma composed of squamous cell carcinoma and type AB thymoma: a rare case report

Background Combined thymic carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm of the thymus recently added to the 4th edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the lung, pleura, thymus and heart. It involves at least one type of thymic carcinoma and another thymic epithelial tumor. The previously used term “combined thymic epithelial tumor” has been abandoned. Case ...

Lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemia in corn oil-preloaded mice causes an extended course of lung injury and repair and pulmonary fibrosis: A translational mouse model of acute respiratory distress syndrome

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by acute hypoxemia respiratory failure, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and pulmonary edema of non-cardiac origin. Effective treatments for ARDS patients may arise from experimental studies with translational mouse models of this disease that aim to delineate the mechanisms underlying the disease pathogenesis. Mouse ...

A putative pyruvate transporter TaBASS2 positively regulates salinity tolerance in wheat via modulation of ABI4 expression

Background High salinity adversely affects crop production. Pyruvic acid is the precursor of abscisic acid (ABA) and other chemicals that are synthesized in chloroplast, some of which are involved in the response to salt. The transportation of pyruvic acid into chloroplast is mediated by pyruvate transporters. However, whether pyruvate transporters are involved in salt response has ...

Enumeration method for tree-like chemical compounds with benzene rings and naphthalene rings by breadth-first search order

Hayashida 0 Yang Zhao 0 Tatsuya Akutsu 0 0 Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University , Gokasho, Uji , Japan Background: Drug discovery and design are important research fields

Intra-observer and inter-observer repeatability of ocular surface interferometer in measuring lipid layer thickness

Background Tear lipid morphology is important for normal tear function. Recently, there have been clinical studies using interferometry to assess lipid layer thickness (LLT). The aim of the study is to examine the repeatability of a commercially available interferometer. Methods Two observers measured LLT in twenty Asian subjects (20 eyes) using an interferometer (LipiView® ocular ...

Translation and validation of the Chinese version of the Current Opioid Misuse Measure (COMM) for patients with chronic pain in Mainland China

Background Management of prescription opioids misuse and abuse problems among chronic pain patients has been increasingly important worldwide and little literature concerning prescription opioids can be found in mainland China so far. Methods The Current Opioid Misuse Measure (COMM) was translated into Chinese following Brislin’s model of cross-culture translation and was completed ...