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Autophagy inhibitor chloroquine increases sensitivity to cisplatin in QBC939 cholangiocarcinoma cells by mitochondrial ROS

The tumor cells have some metabolic characteristics of the original tissues, and the metabolism of the tumor cells is closely related to autophagy. However, the mechanism of autophagy and metabolism in chemotherapeutic drug resistance is still poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role and mechanism of autophagy and glucose metabolism in chemotherapeutic drug ...

TNF-α sensitizes chemotherapy and radiotherapy against breast cancer cells

Purpose Despite new developments in cancer therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the cornerstone of breast cancer treatment. Therefore, finding ways to reduce the toxicity and increase sensitivity is particularly important. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) exerts multiple functions in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the present study, we ...

Plasmon-Enhanced Light Absorption in GaAs Nanowire Array Solar Cells

promising for low-cost high-performance nanoscale solar cells. Authors’ contributions Yanhong Li and Yao Wu carried out the electrical modeling partial simulation, and drafted the manuscript. Xin Yan

Metabolic Engineering of Klebsiella pneumoniae for the Production of 2-Butanone from Glucose

2-Butanone is an important commodity chemical of wide application in different areas. In this study, Klebsiella pneumoniae was engineered to directly produce 2-butanone from glucose by extending its native 2, 3-butanediol synthesis pathway. To identify the potential enzyme for the efficient conversion of 2, 3-butanediol to 2-butanone, we screened different glycerol dehydratases and ...

Dehydration melting of UHP eclogite and paragneiss in the Dabie orogen: Evidence from laboratory experiment to natural observation

Dehydration melting of subducted continental crust is significant during exhumation, and its study from both experimental and petrological observations is of great importance to our understanding of continental geodynamics. Dehydration melting experiments were carried out on ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) eclogite from Bixiling in the Dabie orogen using a piston cylinder at 1.5–3.0 GPa ...

PEP-1-MsrA ameliorates inflammation and reduces atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E deficient mice

Background Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) is a potent intracellular oxidoreductase and serves as an essential factor that protects cells against oxidative damage. However, therapeutic use of exogenous MsrA in oxidative stress-induced diseases is limited, because it cannot enter the cells. The aim of this study is to investigate whether MsrA with PEP-1, a cell penetrating ...

Variability of Gross Tumor Volume in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using 11C-Choline and 18F-FDG PET/CT

This study was conducted to evaluate the variability of gross tumor volume (GTV) using 11C-Choline and 18F-FDG PET/CT images for nasopharyngeal carcinomas boundary definition. Assessment consisted of inter-observer and inter-modality variation analysis. Four radiation oncologists were invited to manually contour GTV by using PET/CT fusion obtained from a cohort of 12 patients with ...

HIF-1α Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Metastasis through Direct Regulation of ZEB1 in Colorectal Cancer

It is well recognized that hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) is involved in cancer metastasis, chemotherapy and poor prognosis. We previously found that deferoxamine, a hypoxia-mimetic agent, induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in colorectal cancer. Therefore, here we explored a new molecular mechanism for HIF-1α contributing to EMT and cancer metastasis through ...

Graphene-enhanced visible-light photocatalysis of large-sized CdS particles for wastewater treatment

The hybrid composites of graphene decorated by large-sized CdS particles (G/M-CdS) were prepared by a one-pot solvothermal route in which the reduction of graphite oxide into graphene was accompanied by the generation of microsized CdS particles. The structure and composition of the obtained nanocomposites were studied by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, ...

Content-Based Image Retrieval Using Spatial Layout Information in Brain Tumor T1-Weighted Contrast-Enhanced MR Images

This study aims to develop content-based image retrieval (CBIR) system for the retrieval of T1-weighted contrast-enhanced MR (CE-MR) images of brain tumors. When a tumor region is fed to the CBIR system as a query, the system attempts to retrieve tumors of the same pathological category. The bag-of-visual-words (BoVW) model with partition learning is incorporated into the system to ...

Paradox of low field enhancement factor for field emission nanodiodes in relation to quantum screening effects

Tsung-Chieh Cheng 0 Pai-Yen Chen 1 Shen-Yao Wu 0 0 Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Science , 415 Chien Kung Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung, 80778

Association of promoter methylation statuses of congenital heart defect candidate genes with Tetralogy of Fallot

Background Although a lower methylation level of whole genome has been demonstrated in Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients, little is known regarding changes in specific gene DNA methylation profiles and the possible associations with TOF. In current study, the promoter methylation statuses of congenital heart defect (CHD) candidate genes were measured in order to further understand ...

The association between expressions of Ras and CD68 in the angiogenesis of breast cancers

participated in performing statistical analysis; MW (Meng-Yao Wu), GY, and MW (Ming-Yun Wang) participated in performing immunohistochemistry and evaluation of immunostaining; XX, LS and FG participated in

An experimental study of phase transformations in olivine under pressure and temperature conditions corresponding to the mantle transition zone

High-pressure polymorphs of olivine (wadsleyite and ringwoodite) are major minerals in the mantle transition zone (MTZ). Phase transformations in olivine are important for a series of geodynamic problems such as the mineralogical and evolutionary history of the mantle, mantle convection patterns, and deep focus earthquakes in subduction zones. In this study, we examine phase ...

Identification of a Novel Antimicrobial Peptide from Human Hepatitis B Virus Core Protein Arginine-Rich Domain (ARD)

The rise of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens causes an increasing challenge to public health. Antimicrobial peptides are considered a possible solution to this problem. HBV core protein (HBc) contains an arginine-rich domain (ARD) at its C-terminus, which consists of 16 arginine residues separated into four clusters (ARD I to IV). In this study, we demonstrated that the peptide ...

LINE-1 methylation status and its association with tetralogy of fallot in infants

BackgroundMethylation levels of long interspersed nucleotide elements (LINE-1) are representative of genome-wide methylation status and play an important role in maintaining genomic stability and gene expression. To derive insight into the association between genome-wide methylation status and tetralogy of fallot (TOF), we compared the methylation status of LINE-1 element between ...

Quantum Theory of Electronic Multiple-Slit Diffraction

We study electronic multiple-slit diffraction with a quantum mechanical approach. Our theoretical results are in good agreement with classical theoretical calculations and we obtain the following resluts: (1) There are N − 2 secondary maxima and N − 1 minima between the two principle maxima in diffraction pattern. (2) As the slit number N increasing, the diffraction intensity ...

Cortical Surface Area Correlates with STON2 Gene Ser307Pro Polymorphism in First-Episode Treatment-Naïve Patients with Schizophrenia

Background Evidence shows that STON2 gene is associated with synaptic function and schizophrenia. This study aims to explore the relationship between two functional polymorphisms (Ser307Pro and Ala851Ser) of STON2 gene and the cortical surface area in first-episode treatment-naïve patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. Methodology/Principal Findings Magnetic resonance ...

Nuclear Export and Import of Human Hepatitis B Virus Capsid Protein and Particles

It remains unclear what determines the subcellular localization of hepatitis B virus (HBV) core protein (HBc) and particles. To address this fundamental issue, we have identified four distinct HBc localization signals in the arginine rich domain (ARD) of HBc, using immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and fractionation/Western blot analysis. ARD consists of four tight clustering ...

Tracking Ancient Polyploids: A Retroposon Insertion Reveals an Extinct Diploid Ancestor in the Polyploid Origin of Belladonna

Polyploidy is a prominent process in plant evolution and adaptation, but molecular phylogenetic studies of polyploids based on DNA sequences have often been confounded by their complex gene and genome histories. We report here a retroposon insertion in the nuclear gene granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI or “waxy”) that clearly reveals the ancient hybrid history of the medically ...