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Existence of positive mild solutions for a class of fractional evolution equations on the half line

The equivalent integral equation of a new form for a class of fractional evolution equations is obtained by the method of Laplace transform, which is different from those given in the existing literature. By the monotone iterative method without the assumption of lower and upper solutions, we present some new results on the existence of positive mild solutions for the abstract ...

Non-resonant collider signatures of a singlet-driven electroweak phase transition

We analyze the collider signatures of the real singlet extension of the Standard Model in regions consistent with a strong first-order electroweak phase transition and a singlet-like scalar heavier than the Standard Model-like Higgs. A definitive correlation exists between the strength of the phase transition and the trilinear coupling of the Higgs to two singlet-like scalars, and ...

Preparation of Ag2O modified silica abrasives and their chemical mechanical polishing performances on sapphire

The chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) process has become a widely accepted global planarization technology. The abrasive material is one of the key elements in CMP. In the presented paper, an Ag-doped colloidal SiO2 abrasive is synthesized by a seed-induced growth method. It is characterized by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy to ...

Plastidial α-glucan phosphorylase 1 complexes with disproportionating enzyme 1 in Ipomoea batatas storage roots for elevating malto-oligosaccharide metabolism

It has been proposed that malto-oligosaccharides (MOSs) are possibly recycled back into amylopectin biosynthesis via the sequential reactions catalyzed by plastidial α-glucan phosphorylase 1 (Pho1) and disproportionating enzyme 1 (Dpe1). In the present study, the reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation experiments using specific antibodies against Pho1 and Dpe1 demonstrated that these ...

Surgical outcomes of pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma: A review of 41 cases

Introduction Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a rare cancer that occurs primarily in younger patients. The prognostic factors of pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma are largely undetermined, especially in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors influencing survival after surgical resection in patients with ...

Serological characteristics of autoimmune pancreatitis and its differential diagnosis from pancreatic cancer by using a combination of carbohydrate antigen 19-9, globulin, eosinophils and hemoglobin

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a special type of chronic pancreatitis, which may be misdiagnosed as pancreatic carcinoma. This study aims to verify new biomarkers for AIP and propose a serological pattern to differentiate AIP from pancreatic adenocarcinoma with routinely performed tests. In this study, data of serum samples were collected and compared between 25 patients with AIP ...

Identification and characterization of a neutralizing monoclonal antibody that provides complete protection against Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) has caused an alarming number of deaths throughout recorded human history, and novel prophylactics and therapeutics are necessary given its potential as a bioweapon. Only one monoclonal antibody has been identified to date that provides complete protection against Y. pestis. Here, we describe a second novel murine monoclonal antibody (F2H5) that provided ...

Solution-Processed Cu(In, Ga)(S, Se)2 Nanocrystal as Inorganic Hole-Transporting Material for Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite solar cells are emerging as one of the most promising candidates for solar energy harvesting. To date, most of the high-performance perovskite solar cells have exclusively employed organic hole-transporting materials (HTMs) such as 2,2′,7,7′-tetrakis-(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9′-spirobifluorene (spiro-OMeTAD) or polytriarylamine (PTAA) which are often expensive and ...

Evolution of impedance field telemetry after one day of activation in cochlear implant recipients

Objectives Changes in impedance between 24 hours and one month after cochlear implantation have never been explored due to the inability to switch on within one day. This study examined the effect of early activation (within 24 hours) on the evolution of electrode impedance with the aim of providing information on the tissue-to-electrode interface when electrical stimulation was ...

Non-invasive evaluation of facial crestal bone with ultrasonography

Purpose Facial crestal bone level and dimension determine function and esthetics of dentition and dental implants. We have previously demonstrated that ultrasound can identify bony and soft tissue structures in the oral cavity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of using ultrasound to measure facial crestal bone level and thickness. Materials and methods A ...

Prevalence and association of refractive anisometropia with near work habits among young schoolchildren: The evidence from a population-based study

Background Lifestyle behaviour may play a role in refractive error among children, but the association between near work habits and refractive anisometropia remains unclear. Methods We estimated the prevalence of refractive anisometropia and examined its association with near work activities among 23,114 children in the Myopia Investigation Study in Taipei who were grade 2 ...

Simplified Chinese version of the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) for patients who underwent joint arthroplasty: cross-cultural adaptation and validation

validation Shiqi Cao 0 Ning Liu 0 Wuxiang Han 0 Yunpeng Zi Fan Peng Lexiang Li Qiwei Fu Yi Chen Weijie Zheng Qirong Qian 0 Equal contributors Joint Surgery and Sports Medicine Department, Changzheng Hospital

Substance Use and Psychosocial Status among People Living with HIV/AIDS Who Encountered HIV Stigma in China: Stratified Analyses by Socio-Economic Status

This study examined whether the impact of HIV stigma on psychosocial status and substance use among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) differed by their socio-economic status (SES) in a Chinese setting. A total of 2,987 PLWHA were recruited from 12 sites with the highest number of cumulative HIV incidence in Guangxi, China. Participants were asked to provide information regarding ...

PopSc: Computing Toolkit for Basic Statistics of Molecular Population Genetics Simultaneously Implemented in Web-Based Calculator, Python and R

Although various computer tools have been elaborately developed to calculate a series of statistics in molecular population genetics for both small- and large-scale DNA data, there is no efficient and easy-to-use toolkit available yet for exclusively focusing on the steps of mathematical calculation. Here, we present PopSc, a bioinformatic toolkit for calculating 45 basic ...

Diphoton excess through dark mediators

Preliminary ATLAS and CMS results from the first 13 TeV LHC run have encountered an intriguing excess of events in the diphoton channel around the invariant mass of 750 GeV. We investigate a possibility that the current excess is due to a heavy resonance decaying to light metastable states, which in turn give displaced decays to very highly collimated e + e − pairs. Such decays may ...

Prevention of Remifentanil Induced Postoperative Hyperalgesia by Dexmedetomidine via Regulating the Trafficking and Function of Spinal NMDA Receptors as well as PKC and CaMKII Level In Vivo and In Vitro

within the paper and its Supporting Information files. helped design the study, analyze the data, and write the manuscript; Yi Chen: This author helped design the study and analyze the data. Competing ... Foundation of China (81300960), Yuan Yuan; Application foundation and advanced technology research program of Tianjin(14JCQNJC12800), Yuan Yuan; The science foundation of Tianjin Health Bureau (2012KZ102) , Yi

Assessing the genome level diversity of Listeria monocytogenes from contaminated ice cream and environmental samples linked to a listeriosis outbreak in the United States

A listeriosis outbreak in the United States implicated contaminated ice cream produced by one company, which operated 3 facilities. We performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis on Listeria monocytogenes from food, environmental and clinical sources, identifying two clusters and a single branch, belonging to PCR serogroup IIb and ...

Comparison of corneal epitheliotrophic capacities among human platelet lysates and other blood derivatives

Purpose To evaluate the corneal epitheliotropic abilities of two commercialized human platelet lysates (HPLs) and to compare the results with other blood derivatives, including human peripheral serum (HPS) and bovine fetal serum (FBS). Methods In vitro, human corneal epithelial cells were incubated in various concentrations (0%, 3%, 5% and 10%) of blood derivatives. Two ...