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Search: authors:"Yi-Jian Du"

15 papers found.
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Expansion of Einstein-Yang-Mills amplitude

In this paper, we study from various perspectives the expansion of tree level single trace Einstein-Yang-Mills amplitudes into linear combination of color-ordered Yang-Mills amplitudes. By applying the gauge invariance principle, a programable recursive construction is devised to expand EYM amplitude with arbitrary number of gravitons into EYM amplitudes with fewer gravitons. Based ...

Understanding the cancelation of double poles in the Pfaffian of CHY-formulism

For a physical field theory, the tree-level amplitudes should possess only single poles. However, when computing amplitudes with Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) formulation, individual terms in the intermediate steps will contribute higher-order poles. In this paper, we investigate the cancelation of higher-order poles in CHY formula with Pfaffian as the building block. We develop a ...

BCJ numerators from reduced Pfaffian

By expanding the reduced Pfaffian in the tree level Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) integrands for Yang-Mills (YM) and nonlinear sigma model (NLSM), we can get the Bern-Carrasco-Johansson (BCJ) numerators in Del Duca-Dixon-Maltoni (DDM) form for arbitrary number of particles in any spacetime dimensions. In this work, we give a set of very straightforward graphic rules based on spanning trees ...

Leading order multi-soft behaviors of tree amplitudes in NLSM

In this paper, we investigate multi-soft behaviors of tree amplitudes in nonlinear sigma model (NLSM). The leading behaviors of amplitudes with odd number of all-adjacent soft pions are zero. We further propose and prove that leading soft factors of amplitudes with even number all-adjacent soft pions can be expressed in terms of products of the leading order Berends-Giele ...

Explicit BCJ numerators of nonlinear simga model

In this paper, we investigate the color-kinematics duality in nonlinear sigma model (NLSM). We present explicit polynomial expressions for the kinematic numerators (BCJ numerators). The calculation is done separately in two parametrization schemes of the theory using Kawai-Lewellen-Tye relation inspired technique, both lead to polynomial numerators. We summarize the calculation in ...

Characterizing the solutions to scattering equations that support tree-level N k MHV gauge/gravity amplitudes

In this paper we define, independent of theories, two discriminant matrices involving a solution to the scattering equations in four dimensions, the ranks of which are used to divide the solution set into a disjoint union of subsets. We further demonstrate, entirely within the Cachazo-He-Yuan formalism, that each subset of solutions gives nonzero contribution to tree-level N k MHV ...

Direct evaluation of n-point single-trace MHV amplitudes in 4d Einstein-Yang-Mills theory using the CHY formalism

In this paper we extend our techniques, developed in a previous paper [1] for direct evaluation of arbitrary n-point tree-level MHV amplitudes in 4d Yang-Mills and gravity theory using the Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) formalism, to the 4d Einstein-Yang-Mills (EYM) theory. Any single-trace color-ordered n-point tree-level MHV amplitude in EYM theory, obtained by a direct evaluation of the ...

CHY formula and MHV amplitudes

In this paper, we study the relation between the Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) formula and the maximal-helicity-violating (MHV) amplitudes of Yang-Mills and gravity in four dimensions. We prove that only one special rational solution of the scattering equations found by Weinzierl supports the MHV amplitudes. Namely, localized at this solution, the integrated CHY formula produces the ...

On single and double soft behaviors in NLSM

In this paper, we study the single and double soft behaviors of tree level off-shell currents and on-shell amplitudes in nonlinear sigma model (NLSM). We first propose and prove the leading soft behavior of the tree level currents with a single soft particle. In the on-shell limit, this single soft emission becomes the Adler’s zero. Then we establish leading and subleading soft ...

Recursion in multiplet bases for tree-level MHV gluon amplitudes

We investigate the construction of tree-level MHV gluon amplitudes in multiplet bases using BCFW recursion. The multiplet basis decomposition can either be obtained by decomposing results derived in (for example) the DDM basis or by formulating the recursion directly in the multiplet basis. We focus on the latter approach and show how to efficiently deal with the color structure ...

Note on off-shell relations in nonlinear sigma model

In this note, we investigate relations between tree-level off-shell currents in nonlinear sigma model. Under Cayley parametrization, all odd-point currents vanish. We propose and prove a generalized U(1) identity for even-point currents. The off-shell U(1) identity given in [1] is a special case of the generalized identity studied in this note. The on-shell limit of this identity ...

Amplitude relations in non-linear sigma model

In this paper, we investigate tree-level scattering amplitude relations in U(N) non-linear sigma model. We use Cayley parametrization. As was shown in the recent works [23,24], both on-shell amplitudes and off-shell currents with odd points have to vanish under Cayley parametrization. We prove the off-shell U(1) identity and fundamental BCJ relation for even-point currents. By ...

Note on soft graviton theorem by KLT relation

Recently, new soft graviton theorem proposed by Cachazo and Strominger has inspired a lot of works. In this note, we use the KLT-formula to investigate the theorem. We have shown how the soft behavior of color ordered Yang-Mills amplitudes can be combined with KLT relation to give the soft behavior of gravity amplitudes. As a byproduct, we find two nontrivial identities of the KLT ...

Note on symmetric BCJ numerator

We present an algorithm that leads to BCJ numerators satisfying manifestly the three properties proposed by Broedel and Carrasco in [42]. We explicitly calculate the numerators at 4, 5 and 6-points and show that the relabeling property is generically satisfied.

Dual-color decompositions at one-loop level in Yang-Mills theory

In this work we extend two dual color decompositions of Yang-Mills amplitude to one-loop level. Starting from double-copy expression we translate the Yang-Mills integrand into the dual Del Duca-Dixon-Maltoni formulation and subsequently to the dual color-ordered formula. The dual trace factors are obtained after simultaneously solving the one-loop Kleiss-Kuijf relations, the ...