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Study on Force Schemes in Pseudopotential Lattice Boltzmann Model for Two-Phase Flows

Academic Editor: Manfred Krafczyk Copyright © 2018 Yong Peng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution

Identification and cytochemical immunolocalization of acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase involved in the terpenoid mevalonate pathway in Euphorbia helioscopia laticifers

Background Terpenoids, the largest class of natural products in the plant kingdom, have been widely used in medicine. The precursors of terpenoids, isoprene phosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), were synthesized from a mevalonate (MVA) pathway and a 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway respectively. The acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (AACT) is the...

Green material selection for sustainability: A hybrid MCDM approach

Green material selection is a crucial step for the material industry to comprehensively improve material properties and promote sustainable development. However, because of the subjectivity and conflicting evaluation criteria in its process, green material selection, as a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem, has been a widespread concern to the relevant experts. Thus...

Flow and fracture behavior of aluminum alloy 6082-T6 at different tensile strain rates and triaxialities

triaxiality. Data curation: Xuanzhen Chen, Shan Peng, Ping Xu. Formal analysis: Xuanzhen Chen, Song Yao, Chao Chen. Funding acquisition: Yong Peng. Investigation: Xuanzhen Chen, Yong Peng, Shan Peng, Song ... Yao, Chao Chen, Ping Xu. Methodology: Yong Peng. Project administration: Yong Peng. Resources: Shan Peng, Chao Chen. Software: Xuanzhen Chen, Shan Peng, Song Yao, Chao Chen. Supervision: Yong Peng

Supplement of levosimendan to epinephrine improves initial resuscitation outcomes from asphyxial cardiac arrest

Background Levosimendan exerted favorable effects on the initial outcome in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest. This study investigated the efficacy of levosimendan in the treatment of asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest in rats. Methods Animals underwent asphyxial cardiac arrest/cardiopulmonary resuscitation, randomized to three treatment groups: epinephrine...

Identification of odorant binding proteins and chemosensory proteins in Microplitis mediator as well as functional characterization of chemosensory protein 3

Editing Services. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Rui-Jun Li, Yong-Jun Zhang, Yu-Yuan Guo. Data curation: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Ke-Ming Li, Jing-Tao Liu, Yao Zheng, Shuang Shan, Ye-Qing ... Yang, Rui-Jun Li, Yong-Jun Zhang. Formal analysis: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Yong-Jun Zhang. Funding acquisition: Yong-Jun Zhang, Yu-Yuan Guo. Investigation: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Ke-Ming Li

Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of mTOR and phosphorylated mTOR expression in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase responsible for regulating ribosomal biogenesis and protein synthesis. Dysregulation of mTOR contributes to tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, cellular growth and metastasis but its roles in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are controversial. Therefore, the objective of this study is to...

Realization of III–V Semiconductor Periodic Nanostructures by Laser Direct Writing Technique

-qiang Ning Yong Peng Zi-yang Zhang 0 0 Key Laboratory of Nanodevices and Applications, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences , 215123 Suzhou , People's Republic of

Elevated Cellular PD1/PD-L1 Expression Confers Acquired Resistance to Cisplatin in Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells

Although small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is highly responsive to chemotherapies (e.g., cisplatin-etoposide doublet), virtually almost all responsive SCLC patients experience disease recurrence characterized by drug resistance. The mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance remain elusive. Here we report that cell-intrinsic expression of PD1 and PD-L1, two immune checkpoints, is...

The prevalence of lacunar infarct decreases with aging in the elderly: a case-controlled analysis

The prevalence of lacunar infarct decreases with aging in the elderly: a case-controlled analysis Zhiyou Cai,1 Wenbo He,1 Chuan-yong Peng,2 Jin Zhou,2 Qi-lan Xu,2 Zong-shan Wu2 1Department of

Why is population information crucial for taxonomy? A case study involving a hybrid swarm and related varieties

Hybridization has become a focal topic in evolutionary biology, and many taxonomists are aware that the process occurs more frequently than previously assumed. Nonetheless many species and varieties are still described without explicitly considering the possibility of hybridization, especially in countries that have relatively short scientific histories, but which often possess...

Why is population information crucial for taxonomy? A case study involving a hybrid swarm and related varieties

Hybridization has become a focal topic in evolutionary biology, and many taxonomists are aware that the process occurs more frequently than previously assumed. Nonetheless many species and varieties are still described without explicitly considering the possibility of hybridization, especially in countries that have relatively short scientific histories, but which often possess...

Identification, characterization, and utilization of single copy genes in 29 angiosperm genomes

Background Single copy genes are common across angiosperm genomes. With the sufficiently high quality sequenced genomes, the identification of large-scale single copy genes among multiple species is possible. Although some characteristics have been reported, our study provides novel insights into single copy genes. Results We identified single copy genes across 29 angiosperm...

The influence of body composition on renal function in patients with coronary artery disease and its prognostic significance: a retrospective cohort study

Objective We try to analyse the effect of renal functions on death in CAD patients with different body compositions. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted in 2989 consecutive patients with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled and were grouped into two categories: basically preserved renal function (PRF) (eGFR ≥60 ml/min) and obviously reduced renal...

Formation Control of Robotic Swarm Using Bounded Artificial Forces

Formation control of multirobot systems has drawn significant attention in the recent years. This paper presents a potential field control algorithm, navigating a swarm of robots into a predefined 2D shape while avoiding intermember collisions. The algorithm applies in both stationary and moving targets formation. We define the bounded artificial forces in the form of exponential...

Natural hybridization and asymmetric introgression at the distribution margin of two Buddleja species with a large overlap

Background Natural hybridization in plants is universal and plays an important role in evolution. Based on morphology it has been presumed that hybridization occurred in the genus Buddleja, though genetic studies confirming this assumption have not been conducted to date. The two species B. crispa and B. officinalis overlap in their distributions over a wide range in South-West...

Dynamic Detection of Topological Information from Grid-Based Generalized Voronoi Diagrams

In the context of robotics, the grid-based Generalized Voronoi Diagrams (GVDs) are widely used by mobile robots to represent their surrounding area. Current approaches for incrementally constructing GVDs mainly focus on providing metric skeletons of underlying grids, while the connectivity among GVD vertices and edges remains implicit, which makes high-level spatial reasoning...

Chemical and biological research of Clematis medicinal resources

Clematis is a botanical source for various pharmaceutically active components, which has long been used in conventional medicine since the beginning of Chinese civilization. Increasing interest in Clematis medicinal resources has led to additional discoveries of triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids, coumarins, alkaloids and many other compounds in various Clematis species, and to...

Immunocytochemical localization of saikosaponin-d in vegetative organs of Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd

Xueyan Zhao 0 Li Zheng 0 Jingjing Si Yan Miao Yong Peng Xia Cai 0 Equal contributors Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in western China, (Northwest University) , Ministry of

Evaluation of the content variation of anthraquinone glycosides in rhubarb by UPLC-PDA

Background Rhubarb is an important Chinese medicinal herb with a long history of over 2000 years and has been commonly used as a laxative. It is the radix and rhizome of Rheum officinale Baill., R. palmatum L. and R. tanguticum Maxim, all of which are mainly distributed in a broad region in the Tibetan plateau. Anthraquinone glycosides are a series of major active ingredients...