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Search: authors:"Yoshihisa Koyama"

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Concomitant existence of pheochromocytoma in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1

Background Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal-dominant inherited disorder that is classically characterized by the presence of neoplastic lesions of the parathyroid glands, the anterior pituitary gland, and the pancreas. However, MEN1 with concomitant pheochromocytoma is extremely rare. Case report We report a case of MEN1 concomitant with pheochromocytoma...

The Endoplasmic Reticulum-Resident Chaperone Heat Shock Protein 47 Protects the Golgi Apparatus from the Effects of O-Glycosylation Inhibition

The Golgi apparatus is important for the transport of secretory cargo. Glycosylation is a major post-translational event. Recognition of O-glycans on proteins is necessary for glycoprotein trafficking. In this study, specific inhibition of O-glycosylation (Golgi stress) induced the expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident heat shock protein (HSP) 47 in NIH3T3 cells...

Rab11a is required for apical protein localisation in the intestine

Tomoaki Sobajima Shin-ichiro Yoshimura Tomohiko Iwano Masataka Kunii Masahiko Watanabe Nur Atik Sotaro Mushiake Eiichi Morii Yoshihisa Koyama Eiji Miyoshi Akihiro Harada () The small GTPase Rab11

DISC1 (Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1) Regulates Differentiation of Oligodendrocytes

Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a gene disrupted by a translocation, t(1;11) (q42.1;q14.3), that segregates with major psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, recurrent major depression and bipolar affective disorder, in a Scottish family. Here we report that mammalian DISC1 endogenously expressed in oligodendroglial lineage cells negatively regulates...

TRAP1 Controls Mitochondrial Fusion/Fission Balance through Drp1 and Mff Expression

Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that change in response to extracellular stimuli. These changes are essential for normal mitochondrial/cellular function and are controlled by a tight balance between two antagonistic pathways that promote fusion and fission. Although some molecules have been identified to mediate the mitochondrial fusion and fission process, the underlying...

Plasma Corticosterone Activates SGK1 and Induces Morphological Changes in Oligodendrocytes in Corpus Callosum

Repeated stressful events are known to be associated with onset of depression. Further, stress activates the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) system by elevating plasma cortisol levels. However, little is known about the related downstream molecular pathway. In this study, by using repeated water-immersion and restraint stress (WIRS) as a stressor for mice, we...

An In Vitro Model for Lewy Body-Like Hyaline Inclusion/Astrocytic Hyaline Inclusion: Induction by ER Stress with an ALS-Linked SOD1 Mutation

Neuronal Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions (LBHI) and astrocytic hyaline inclusions (Ast-HI) containing mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) are morphological hallmarks of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) associated with mutant SOD1. However, the mechanisms by which mutant SOD1 contributes to formation of LBHI/Ast-HI in FALS remain poorly defined. Here, we...