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Role of CYP2E1 polymorphisms in breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background CYP2E1 polymorphisms have been reported to influence individual’s breast cancer susceptibility as a phase I enzyme, but the results of these previous studies remain controversial. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess their association. Methods A comprehensive search of literature included in various databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Google scholar), ...

Antitumor activity of TY-011 against gastric cancer by inhibiting Aurora A, Aurora B and VEGFR2 kinases

Background Overexpression of Aurora A and B has been reported in a wide range of tumor types, including gastric cancer. Anti-angiogenesis has been considered as an important therapeutic modality in advanced gastric cancer. Here we identified a novel compound TY-011 with promising antitumor activity by targeting mitotic kinases (Aurora A and B) and angiogenic receptor tyrosine ...

Evaluation of the necessity for chest drain placement following thoracoscopic wedge resection

Purpose To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection without chest drain placement. Methods The subjects of this retrospective study were 89 patients, who underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection at our hospital between January, 2013 and July, 2015. A total of 45 patients whose underlying condition did not meet the following criteria were assigned ...

Centrosome/Cell Cycle Uncoupling and Elimination in the Endoreduplicating Intestinal Cells of C. elegans

The centrosome cycle is most often coordinated with mitotic cell division through the activity of various essential cell cycle regulators, consequently ensuring that the centriole is duplicated once, and only once, per cell cycle. However, this coupling can be altered in specific developmental contexts; for example, multi-ciliated cells generate hundreds of centrioles without any ...

Factors affecting number of lymph nodes harvested and the impact of examining a minimum of 12 lymph nodes in stage I-III colorectal cancer patients: a retrospective single institution cohort study of 1167 consecutive patients

Background To identify factors affecting the harvest of lymph nodes (LNs) and to investigate the association between examining a minimum of 12 LNs and clinical outcomes in stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods The clinicopathologic features and the number of examined LNs for 1167 stage I-III CRC patients were analyzed to identify factors affecting the number of LNs ...

The relationship between glasgow prognostic score and serum tumor markers in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Background Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) has been reported as a powerful prognostic tool for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between GPS and prognosis related tumor markers in patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods We included 138 advanced NSCLC patients and twenty healthy controls in the study. GPS was ...

Multiscale Entropy of Electroencephalogram as a Potential Predictor for the Prognosis of Neonatal Seizures

Objective Increasing animal studies supported the harmful effects of prolonged or frequent neonatal seizures in developing brain, including increased risk of later epilepsy. Various nonlinear analytic measures had been applied to investigate the change of brain complexity with age. This study focuses on clarifying the relationship between later epilepsy and the changes of ...

Low-frequency electroacupuncture suppresses focal epilepsy and improves epilepsy-induced sleep disruptions

Background The positive effects of acupuncture at Feng-Chi acupoints on treating epilepsy and insomnia have been well-documented in ancient Chinese literature. However, there is a lack of scientific evidence to elucidate the underlying mechanisms behind these effects. Our previous study demonstrated that high-frequency (100 Hz) electroacupuncture (EA) at Feng-Chi acupoints ...

Interferon Gamma +874T/A Polymorphism Increases the Risk of Hepatitis Virus-Related Diseases: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis

: interferon, IFN polymorphism, polymorphisms, mutation, variant, hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Two investigators (Yifan Sun and Yu Lu) conducted an extensive independent literature search ... extraction Two investigators (Yifan Sun and Yu Lu) independently extracted data from the included studies. The data included the first authors name, publication date, country, ethnicity, total sample size

Association between IL-18 polymorphisms, serum levels, and HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma in a Chinese population: a retrospective case–control study

Background Interleukin (IL)-18 gene polymorphisms have been found to play multiple roles in various diseases. However, studies focused on its involvement in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial, and no much study has taken IL-18 serum levels into consideration. This study investigates the association between IL-18 polymorphisms and risk of hepatitis B virus-related ...

Interferon gamma polymorphisms and hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis risk in a Chinese population

and Yu Lu should be considered as the co-first authors. 1. Chen JG , Zhang SW . Liver cancer epidemic in China: past, present and future . Semin Cancer Biol . 2011 ; 21 : 59 - 69 . 2. Ganem D , Prince

Prospective analysis of UGT1A1 promoter polymorphism for irinotecan dose escalation in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with bevacizumab plus FOLFIRI as the first-line setting: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background Irinotecan is approved and widely administered to metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients; however, it can cause severe toxicities including neutropenia and diarrhea. The polymorphisms of genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes can play a crucial role in the increased susceptibility of cancer patients to chemotherapy toxicity. Therefore, we plan to explore the ...

ABI1 regulates carbon/nitrogen-nutrient signal transduction independent of ABA biosynthesis and canonical ABA signalling pathways in Arabidopsis

Plants are able to sense and mediate the balance between carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) nutrient availability to optimize metabolism and growth, described as the C/N response. To clarify the C/N signalling mechanism, C/N-insensitive plants were obtained from an Arabidopsis FOX hunting population, which over-expresses full-length cDNAs for individuals. The resulting cni2-D ...

Complexity of Multi-Channel Electroencephalogram Signal Analysis in Childhood Absence Epilepsy

Absence epilepsy is an important epileptic syndrome in children. Multiscale entropy (MSE), an entropy-based method to measure dynamic complexity at multiple temporal scales, is helpful to disclose the information of brain connectivity. This study investigated the complexity of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals using MSE in children with absence epilepsy. In this research, EEG ...

Effects of Selenylation Modification on Antioxidative Activities of Schisandra chinensis Polysaccharide

The selenylation modification of Schisandra chinensis polysaccharide (SCP) was conducted by the HNO3–Na2SeO3 method respectively under nine conditions according to L9(34) orthogonal design. Nine selenizing SCPs, sSCP1–sSCP9, were obtained, and their antioxidant activities were compared. In vitro test, the free radical-scavenging rates of nine sSCPs were determined for DPPH., .OH ...

Synthesis and self-association of dibenzothiophene derivatives for simulation of hydrogen bonding interaction in asphaltenes

The dibenzothiophene derivatives, namely 2-(dibenzothiophene-2-carbonyl)benzoic acid and 2-(dibenzothiophene-2-carbonyl)alkyl benzoate, were synthesized and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis. The self-association behavior of these dibenzothiophene derivatives in ...

Glutathione S-transferase gene GSTM1, gene-gene interaction, and gastric cancer susceptibility: evidence from an updated meta-analysis

Background The null genotype of GSTM1 have been implicated in gastric cancer risk, but numerous individual studies showed mixed, or even conflicting results. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed. Results We identified 54 individual studies involving 9,322 cases and 15,118 controls through computer-based searches of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. It was found that the null ...

Inhibition on Proteasome β1 Subunit Might Contribute to the Anti-Cancer Effects of Fangchinoline in Human Prostate Cancer Cells

in the ‘author contributions’ section. Competing Interests: Yu Lu is employed by Nanjing Tianyi Bioscience Co. Ltd. There are no patents, products in development, or marketed products to declare. This

Role of IL-4 Gene Polymorphisms in HBV-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Chinese Population

Background Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is best known as an important mediator and modulator of immune and inflammatory responses. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a typical inflammation-related cancer, and genetic variations in the IL-4 gene may be associated with the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC. However, few studies have been conducted on their association. Objectives To ...