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Topological entanglement entropy in Euclidean AdS3 via surgery

We calculate the topological entanglement entropy (TEE) in Euclidean asymptotic AdS3 spacetime using surgery. The treatment is intrinsically three-dimensional. In the BTZ black hole background, several different bipartitions are applied. For the bipartition along the horizon between two single-sided black holes, TEE is exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, which supports the ...

Risk of acute gastroenteritis associated with human bocavirus infection in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

analysis: Ri De, Liying Liu, Yuan Qian, Runan Zhu. Funding acquisition: Linqing Zhao. Investigation: Ri De, Liying Liu, Yuan Qian, Runan Zhu, Jie Deng, Fang Wang, Yu Sun, Huijin Dong, Liping Jia ... . Methodology: Ri De, Liying Liu, Yuan Qian, Runan Zhu. Project administration: Jie Deng, Fang Wang, Yu Sun, Huijin Dong, Liping Jia. Resources: Ri De, Liying Liu, Yuan Qian, Linqing Zhao. Software: Ri De

24S-hydroxycholesterol and 25-hydroxycholesterol differentially impact hippocampal neuronal survival following oxygen-glucose deprivation

N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), a major subtype of glutamate receptor mediating excitatory transmission throughout the CNS, participate in ischemia-induced neuronal death. Unfortunately, undesired side effects have limited the strategy of inhibiting/blocking NMDARs as therapy. Targeting endogenous positive allosteric modulators of NMDAR function may offer a strategy with ...

Revisiting ovarian cancer microenvironment: a friend or a foe?

finger E-boxbinding homeobox. COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICS GUIDELINES Boyi Zhang, Fei Chen, Qixia Xu, Liu Han, Jiaqian Xu, Libin Gao, Xiaochen Sun, Yiwen Li, Yan Li, Min Qian, and Yu Sun declare that they have

Compliance control based on PSO algorithm to improve the feeling during physical human–robot interaction

Robots play more important roles in daily life and bring us a lot of convenience. But when people work with robots, there remain some significant differences in human–human interactions and human–robot interaction. It is our goal to make robots look even more human-like. We design a controller which can sense the force acting on any point of a robot and ensure the robot can move ...

Two featured series of rRNA-derived RNA fragments (rRFs) constitute a novel class of small RNAs

In this study, we reported two featured series of rRNA-derived RNA fragments (rRFs) from the small RNA sequencing (sRNA-seq) data of Amblyomma testudinarium using the Illunima platform. Two series of rRFs (rRF5 and rRF3) were precisely aligned to the 5' and 3' ends of the 5.8S and 28S rRNA gene. The rRF5 and rRF3 series were significantly more highly expressed than the rRFs located ...

Comparative mitochondrial genome analysis of Daphnis nerii and other lepidopteran insects reveals conserved mitochondrial genome organization and phylogenetic relationships

In the present study, the complete sequence of the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Daphnis nerii (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) is described. The mitogenome (15,247 bp) of D.nerii encodes13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs) and an adenine (A) + thymine (T)-rich region. Its gene complement and order is similar to that of ...

A comprehensive data mining study shows that most nuclear receptors act as newly proposed homeostasis-associated molecular pattern receptors

Nuclear receptors (NRs) can regulate gene expression; therefore, they are classified as transcription factors. Despite the extensive research carried out on NRs, still several issues including (1) the expression profile of NRs in human tissues, (2) how the NR expression is modulated during atherosclerosis and metabolic diseases, and (3) the overview of the role of NRs in ...

The effect of suramin on inhibiting fibroblast proliferation and preventing epidural fibrosis after laminectomy in rats

0 Lianqi Yan Hui Chen Jun He Shuguang Wang Jingcheng Wang Yu Sun 0 Equal contributors Department of Orthopedics, Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University, Orthopaedic Institute, Subei People's

MicroRNAs in acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important clinical issue that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite research advances over the past decades, the complex pathophysiology of AKI is not fully understood. The regulatory mechanisms underlying post-AKI repair and fibrosis have not been clarified either. Furthermore, there is no definitively effective treatment ...

Fast and scalable structure-from-motion based localization for high-precision mobile augmented reality systems

A key problem in mobile computing is providing people access to cyber-information associated with their surrounding physical objects. Mobile augmented reality is one of the emerging techniques that addresses this problem by allowing users to see the cyber-information associated with real-world physical objects by overlaying that cyber-information on the physical objects’ imagery. ...

Comorbidity and dementia: A nationwide survey in Taiwan

Background Comorbid medical diseases are highly prevalent in the geriatric population, imposing hardship on healthcare services for demented individuals. Dementia also complicates clinical care for other co-existing medical conditions. This study investigated the comorbidities associated with dementia in the elderly population aged 65 years and over in Taiwan. Methods We conducted ...

Dose-Dependent Effects of Allopurinol on Human Foreskin Fibroblast Cells and Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells under Hypoxia

Allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, has been used in clinical trials of patients with cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease. These are two pathologies with extensive links to hypoxia and activation of the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) family. Here we analysed the effects of allopurinol treatment in two different cellular models, and their ...

Assessment of health-related quality of life using the SF-36 in Chinese cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients after surgery and its consistency with neurological function assessment: a cohort study

Background We aimed to calculate the responsiveness and statistically prove the reliability of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) in a prospective cohort study. We investigated the profile of mid-term health-related quality of life (QOL) outcome assessments after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and determined the consistency of the SF-36 ...

Prevalence and Phylogenetic Analysis of Human Bocaviruses 1-4 in Pediatric Patients with Various Infectious Diseases

Objectives Viral infections caused by human bocaviruses 1–4 (HBoV1-4) are more complicated than previously believed. A retrospective, large-scale study was undertaken to explore the prevalence of HBoV1-4 in pediatric patients with various infectious diseases and delineate their phylogenetic characteristics. Methods Clinical samples from four specimen types, including 4,941 ...

Protein Structural Studies by Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry: A Critical Look at Electrospray Sources and Calibration Issues

The question whether electrosprayed protein ions retain solution-like conformations continues to be a matter of debate. One way to address this issue involves comparisons of collision cross sections (Ω) measured by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) with Ω values calculated for candidate structures. Many investigations in this area employ traveling wave IMS (TWIMS). It is often ...

Joint timing synchronization and channel estimation based on ZCZ sequence set in SC-MIMO-FDE system

In this paper, we investigate the channel estimation and time synchronization problem based on the zero correlation zone (ZCZ) sequence set for single carrier multiple-input multiple-output frequency domain equalization (SC-MIMO-FDE). A factorized construction of ZCZ sequence set considering the properties of both ZCZ and nonzero correlation zone (NCZ) is proposed with efficient ...

Photoinhibition and photoinhibition-like damage to the photosynthetic apparatus in tobacco leaves induced by pseudomonas syringae pv. Tabaci under light and dark conditions

Background Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci (Pst), which is the pathogen responsible for tobacco wildfire disease, has received considerable attention in recent years. The objective of this study was to clarify the responses of photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII) to Pst infection in tobacco leaves. Results The net photosynthetic rate (Pn) and carboxylation efficiency (CE) ...

Local application of rapamycin reduces epidural fibrosis after laminectomy via inhibiting fibroblast proliferation and prompting apoptosis

Background Epidural fibrosis is a common complication after laminectomy. It is associated with intractable lower back pain and additional complications. To date, no study has evaluated whether the local application of rapamycin (RAPA) can inhibit fibroblast proliferation and reduce epidural scar adhesion after laminectomy. The results of the present study showed that the local ...