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A novel method for multiple bowel injuries: a pilot canine experiment

Intestinal ligation is the cornerstone for damage control in abdominal emergency, yet it may lead to bowel ischemia. Although intestinal ligation avoids further peritoneal cavity pollution, it may lead to an increased pressure within the bowel segments and rapid bacterial translocation. In this study, we showed that severed intestine could be readily reconnected by using silicon ...

Effect of non-fluoride agents on the prevention of dental caries in primary dentition: A systematic review

information regarding their studies. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Yu Wang, Weibin Sun, Huang Li. Data curation: Yu Wang, Jialing Li. Formal analysis: Jialing Li. Funding acquisition: Huang Li ... . Methodology: Jialing Li, Li Mei. Project administration: Yu Wang, Weibin Sun. Supervision: Weibin Sun, Huang Li. Validation: Richard D. Cannon. Writing ± original draft: Yu Wang. Writing ± review & editing

RNA-guided transcriptional activation via CRISPR/dCas9 mimics overexpression phenotypes in Arabidopsis

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and the CRISPR associated protein 9 (Cas9) system allows effective gene modification through RNA-guided DNA targeting. The Cas9 has undergone a series of functional alterations from the original active endonuclease to partially or completely deactivated Cas9. The catalytically deactivated Cas9 (dCas9) offers a ...

Single-chip 3D electric field microsensor

, Shanhong XIA ( 2 Biyun LING , Yu WANG, Chunrong PENG, Bing LI, Zhaozhi CHU This paper presents a single-chip 3D electric field microsensor, in which a sensing element is set at the center to detect the Z

Increased serum thrombomodulin level is associated with disease severity and mortality in pediatric sepsis

Contributions Formal analysis: Jainn-Jim Lin. Data curation: Jainn-Jim Lin, Hsiang-Ju Hsiao, Oi-Wa Chan, Yu Wang. Methodology: Jainn-Jim Lin, Hsiang-Ju Hsiao, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Cheng-Hsun Chiu. Supervision: Shao

ePlant for quantitative and predictive plant science research in the big data era

). COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICS GUIDELINES The authors Yi Xiao, Tiangen Chang, Qingfeng Song, Shuyue Wang, Danny Tholen, Yu Wang, Changpeng Xin, Guangyong Zheng, Honglong Zhao and Xin-Guang Zhu declare that they have

Molecular cloing and bioinformatics analysis of lactate dehydrogenase from Taenia multiceps

Coenurus cerebralis, the larval stage (metacestode or coenurus) of Taenia multiceps, parasitizes sheep, goats, and other ruminants and causes coenurosis. In this study, we isolated and characterized complementary DNAs that encode lactate dehydrogenase A (Tm-LDHA) and B (Tm-LDHB) from the transcriptome of T. multiceps and expressed recombinant Tm-LDHB (rTm-LDHB) in Escherichia coli. ...

Molecular systematics of the anchovy genus Encrasicholina in the Northwest Pacific

which helped to improve this manuscript. Author Contributions Conceptualization: SeÂbastien LavoueÂ. Data curation: Hui-Yu Wang, Wei-Jen Chen, Hsuan-Ching Ho, Hiroyuki Motomura, Harutaka Hata, Tetsuya ... , Joris A. M. Bertrand, Hui-Yu Wang, Wei-Jen Chen, Hsuan-Ching Ho, Hiroyuki Motomura, Harutaka Hata, Tetsuya Sado, Masaki Miya. 13 / 16 14 / 16 15 / 16 1. Briggs JC , Bowen BW . A realignment of marine

The Hippo pathway in tissue homeostasis and regeneration

ETHICS GUIDELINES Yu Wang, Aijuan Yu, and Fa-Xing Yu declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the any of the

Characterization of the complete chloroplast genome of the Chinese cherry Prunus pseudocerasus (Rosaceae)

The Chinese cherry Prunus pseudocerasus is a fruit tree species with high economic and ornamental values. Many of its wild populations are under threat or even on the verge of extinction. Here, its complete chloroplast genome was assembled using next-generation sequencing technology. The circular genome is 157,834 bp long, and contains a pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions of ...

Chitosan Nanolayered Cisplatin-Loaded Lipid Nanoparticles for Enhanced Anticancer Efficacy in Cervical Cancer

In this study, cisplatin (CDDP)-loaded chitosan-coated solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) was successfully formulated to treat HeLa cervical carcinoma. The formulation nanoparticles were nanosized and exhibited a controlled release of drug in physiological conditions. The blank nanoparticles exhibited an excellent biocompatibility profile indicating its suitability for cancer ...

Impact of formation water on the generation of H2S in condensate reservoirs: a case study from the deep Ordovician in the Tazhong Uplift of the Tarim Basin, NW China

A number of condensate reservoirs with high concentrations of H2S have been discovered in the deep dolomite reservoirs of the lower Ordovician Yingshan Formation (O1y) in the Tazhong Uplift, where the formation water has a high pH value. In the O1y reservoir, the concentrations of Mg2+ and SO4 2− in the formation water are higher than those in the upper Ordovician formation. The ...

Development of a Three-Dimensional Ray-Tracing Model of Sugarcane Canopy Photosynthesis and Its Application in Assessing Impacts of Varied Row Spacing

Sugarcane has emerged as the second largest source of biofuel, primarily as ethanol produced in Brazil. Dual row planting using asymmetric spacing of rows can decrease damage to plants and soil structure from harvest equipment though potentially can cause some loss of productivity due to increased shading. Can we assess this loss, without experimental testing of the thousands of ...

Ibutilide treatment protects against ER stress induced apoptosis by regulating calumenin expression in tunicamycin treated cardiomyocytes

Background Ibutilide, a class III antiarrhythmic agent has been shown to be cardioprotective in treating atrial fibrillation, promoting cardioconversion and recently this agent has been shown to protect against ER stress induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. In this study we begin to identify the mechanism by which ibutilide exerts its cardioprotection in tunicamycin treated ...

3LPS-binding protein and its interactions with P. gingivalis LPS modulate pro-inflammatory response and Toll-like receptor signaling in human oral keratinocytes

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP) as an acute-phase protein plays a crucial role in innate host response to bacterial challenge. Our previous study shows that LBP expression in human gingiva is associated with periodontal status. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a keystone periodontopathogen, and its LPS with lipid A structural heterogeneity critically accounts for ...

A Large Difference in Dose Timing of Basal Insulin Introduces Risk of Hypoglycemia and Overweight: A Cross-Sectional Study

Fukushige, Yu Wang and Yanyan Liu declare that they have no conflict of interest. Shin-ichi Harashima has received a research grant from Sanofi, honoraria for speaking from Eli Lilly and consulting fees from

Racial differences in six major subtypes of melanoma: descriptive epidemiology

Background Melanoma accounts for the majority of skin cancer deaths. It has over thirty different subtypes. Different races have been observed to differ in multiple aspects of melanoma. Methods SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) data on six major subtypes, namely melanoma in situ (MIS), superficial spreading melanoma (SSM), nodular melanoma (NM), lentigo maligna ...

The Global Fund in China: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis nationwide programmatic scale-up and challenges to transition to full country ownership

China has the world’s second largest burden of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB; resistance to at least isoniazid and rifampicin), with an estimated 57,000 cases (range, 48,000–67,000) among notified pulmonary TB patients in 2015. During October 1, 2006–June 30, 2014, China expanded MDR-TB care through a partnership with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and ...

Modeling and Control of Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is becoming a major threat to people’s life in China. Screening methods adopted by many other countries as effective counter-cancer methods have not been explicitly explored for people there. Thus, we present a Markov model with detailed precancerous adenoma states and then evaluate various screening strategies in this paper. Different from current ...

(1 + u)-Constacyclic codes over Z 4 + uZ 4

Constacyclic codes are an important class of linear codes in coding theory. Many optimal linear codes are directly derived from constacyclic codes. In this paper, (1 + u)-constacyclic codes over Z 4 + uZ 4 of any length are studied. A new Gray map between Z 4 + uZ 4 and Z 4 4 is defined. By means of this map, it is shown that the Z 4 Gray image of a (1 + u)-constacyclic code of ...