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Maraviroc Attenuates Trauma-Hemorrhage-Induced Hepatic Injury through PPAR Gamma-Dependent Pathway in Rats

Maraviroc is a CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) antagonist with potent antiviral and cancer preventive effects. Recent evidence suggests that the co-existence of CCR5 in various cell types is involved in inflammation. However, the effects that CCR5 antagonists produce in trauma-hemorrhage remain unknown. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) pathway exerts ...

Osthole Attenuates Hepatic Injury in a Rodent Model of Trauma-Hemorrhage

Recent evidences show that osthole possesses anti-inflammatory properties and protective effects following shock-like states, but the mechanism of these effects remains unknown. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway exerts anti-inflammatory effects in injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether p38 MAPK plays any role in the osthole-mediated ...

Protective Effect of Tropisetron on Rodent Hepatic Injury after Trauma-Hemorrhagic Shock through P38 MAPK-Dependent Hemeoxygenase-1 Expression

Tropisetron can decrease inflammatory cell responses and alleviate organ damage caused by trauma-hemorrhage, but the mechanism of these effects remains unknown. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase/hemeoxygenase-1 (p38 MAPK/HO-1) pathway exerts anti-inflammatory effects on different tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate whether p38 MAPK/HO-1 plays any role in the ...

Nasogastric tube insertion in anesthetized and intubated patients: a new and reliable method

BackgroundThe “Rusch” intubation stylet is used to make endotracheal tube intubation easy. We designed this study to evaluate the usage of this equipment in the guidance of nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion.MethodsA total of 103 patients, aged 23 to 70 years, undergoing gastrointestinal or hepatic surgeries that required intraoperative NGT insertions were enrolled into our study. ...

Postoperative coma in a patient with complete basilar syndrome after anterior cervical discectomy

Yung-Fong Tsai Anthony G. Doufas Cheng-Sen Huang Fu-Chao Liou Chun-Ming Lin md [Coma postopratoire chez un patient atteint d'un syndrome basilaire complet Purpose: Ischemic brainstem stroke