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Neck circumference as a complementary measure to identify risk of excess body mass in children younger than 2 years old

years old Daniela dos Santos*, Aila Aparecida Farias, Caroline Kroll, Katherinne B Wanis Figueirêdo, Marco Fábio Mastroeni, Mayte Bertoli, Sandra Ana Czarnobay, Silmara S de BS Mastroeni Universidade da

Effects of temperature and photoperiod on daily activity rhythms of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae)

Background Insect vectors have been established as models in Chronobiology for many decades, and recent studies have demonstrated a close relationship between the circadian clock machinery, daily rhythms of activity and vectorial capacity. Lutzomyia longipalpis, the primary vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum in the New World, is reported to have crepuscular/nocturnal...

Renoprotective, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic effects of oral low-dose quercetin in the C57BL/6J model of diabetic nephropathy

Background Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major causes of end-stage renal disease in diabetic patients. Increasing evidence from studies in the rodents has suggested that this disease is associated with increased oxidative stress due to hyperglycemia. In the present study, we evaluated the renoprotective, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic effects of the flavonoid...

Genome-wide association analysis of feed intake and residual feed intake in Nellore cattle

Coutinho Thiago G Lopes Flvio V Meirelles Joanir P Eler Jos BS Ferraz Background: Feed intake plays an important economic role in beef cattle, and is related with feed efficiency, weight gain and carcass

Platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R)-dependent pathways control tumour growth and tumour response to chemotherapy

Background Phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by macrophages induces a suppressor phenotype. Previous data from our group suggested that this occurs via Platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R)-mediated pathways. In the present study, we investigated the impact of apoptotic cell inoculation or induction by a chemotherapeutic agent (dacarbazine, DTIC) on tumour growth...

First report of multiple lineages of dengue viruses type 1 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Background In Brazil dengue has been a major public health problem since DENV-1 introduction and spread in 1986. After a low or silent co-circulation, DENV-1 re-emerged in 2009 causing a major epidemic in the country in 2010 and 2011. In this study, the phylogeny of DENV-1 strains isolated in RJ after its first introduction in 1986 and after its emergence in 2009 and 2010 was...

Salvage radiotherapy for biochemical relapse after complete PSA response following radical prostatectomy: outcome and prognostic factors for patients who have never received hormonal therapy

hormonal therapy Alexandre A Jacinto*, Angelo BS Fede, Lvia A Fagundes, Joo V Salvajoli, Marcus S Castilho, Gustavo A Viani, Ricardo C Fogaroli, Paulo ERS Novaes, Antonio Cssio A Pellizzon, Maria AC Maia and ... . Stephenson AJ , Shariat SF , Zelefsky MJ , Kattan MW , Butler EB , Teh BS , Klein EA , Kupelian PA , Roehrborn CG , Pistenmaa DA , Pacholke HD , Liauw SL , Katz MS , Leibel SA , Scardino PT , Slawin KM