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Short-term and delayed effects of mother death on calf mortality in Asian elephants

Burma) (Mar et al. 2012; Robinson et al. 2012; Mumby et al. 2013a, 2013b; Hayward et al. 2014; Lahdenperä et al. 2014) . Myanmar has the largest captive Asian elephant population in the world and the ... include natural causes such as starvation, tiger attacks, and a range of recorded diseases, as well as accidents (for death causes of calves see Mar et al. 2012; for seasonal variation in all age groups

The geographical distribution and prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in animals in the European Union and adjacent countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background This study aimed to provide a systematic review on the geographical distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive and intermediate hosts in the European Union (EU) and adjacent countries (AC). The relative importance of the different host species in the life-cycle of this parasite was highlighted and gaps in our knowledge regarding these hosts were ...

Reproductive cessation and post-reproductive lifespan in Asian elephants and pre-industrial humans

, Mason G : A review of the welfare of zoo elephants in Europe . Horsham, UK: RSPCA; 2002 : 203 - 205 . 27. Clubb R , Rowcliffe M , Lee P , Mar KU , Moss C , Mason GJ : Compromised survivorship in zoo ... . Hayward AD , Mar KU , Lahdenper M , Lummaa V : Early reproductive investment, senescence and lifetime reproductive success in female Asian elephants . J Evol Biol 2014 , 27 ( 4 ): 772 - 783 . 39. Mar KU

Subtle Gardeners: Inland Predators Enrich Local Topsoils and Enhance Plant Growth

Inland vertebrate predators could enrich of nutrients the local top soils in the area surrounding their nests and dens by depositing faeces, urine, and prey remains and, thus, alter the dynamics of plant populations. Surprisingly, and in contrast with convincing evidence from coastal habitats, whether and how this phenomenon occurs in inland habitats is largely uncertain even ...

How Big Is It Really? Assessing the Efficacy of Indirect Estimates of Body Size in Asian Elephants

/j.biocon. 2008 . 05 .007 10. Jaquet N. A simple photogrammetric technique to measure sperm whales at sea . Mar Mammal Sci . 2006 ; 22 : 862 - 879 . doi: 10 .1111/j.1748- 7692 . 2006 . 00060 .x 11. Lindstedt ... technique for measuring Hector's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus hectori) in the field . Mar Mammal Sci . 2010 ; 26 : 296 - 308 . doi: 10 .1111/j. 1748- 7692 . 2009 . 00326 .x 21. Jeffreys GL , Rowat D , Marshall H

Genetic Signatures of Demographic Changes in an Avian Top Predator during the Last Century: Bottlenecks and Expansions of the Eurasian Eagle Owl in the Iberian Peninsula

philopatry shape genetic structure in North Pacific humpback whales . Mar Ecol Prog Ser . 2013 ; 494 : 291 - 306 . 58. del Hoyo J , Elliott A , Sargatal J. The Handbook of the birds of the world . Vol. 2 - New

Causes and Correlates of Calf Mortality in Captive Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus)

. Anim Conserv 11 : 198 - 205 . 6. Kurt F , Mar KU ( 1996 ) Neonate mortality in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) . Z Saugetierk 61 : 155 - 164 . 7. Schmid J ( 1998 ) Status and reproductive ... capacity of the Asian elephant in zoos and circuses in Europe . Int Zoo News 45 : 341 - 351 . 8. Clubb R , Rowcliffe M , Lee P , Mar KU , Moss C , et al. ( 2008 ) Compromised survivorship in zoo elephants

Conservation Planning with Uncertain Climate Change Projections

Climate change is affecting biodiversity worldwide, but conservation responses are constrained by considerable uncertainty regarding the magnitude, rate and ecological consequences of expected climate change. Here we propose a framework to account for several sources of uncertainty in conservation prioritization. Within this framework we account for uncertainties arising from (i) ...

Population Characteristics May Reduce the Levels of Individual Call Identity

. Wrote the paper: MdMD VP. 1. Koehl MAR ( 1989 ) From Individuals to Populations . In: Roughgarden J, May RM , Levin SA (eds) Perspectives in Ecological Theory . Princeton University Press, New Jersey

Succinate-CoA ligase deficiency due to mutations in SUCLA2 and SUCLG1: phenotype and genotype correlations in 71 patients

Background The encephalomyopathic mtDNA depletion syndrome with methylmalonic aciduria is associated with deficiency of succinate-CoA ligase, caused by mutations in SUCLA2 or SUCLG1. We report here 25 new patients with succinate-CoA ligase deficiency, and review the clinical and molecular findings in these and 46 previously reported patients. Patients and results Of the 71 ...

Governance factors in the identification of global conservation priorities for mammals

Johanna Eklund Anni Arponen Piero Visconti Mar Cabeza () 0 Global Mammal Assessment programme, Department of Biology and Biotechnologies, Sapienza Universita` di Roma , Viale dell'Universita` 32

The Dusk Chorus from an Owl Perspective: Eagle Owls Vocalize When Their White Throat Badge Contrasts Most

Background An impressive number of studies have investigated bird vocal displays, and many of them have tried to explain the widespread phenomenon of the so-called dawn and dusk chorus, the sunrise and sunset peaks in bird song output. As many as twelve non-exclusive hypotheses have been proposed to explain why twilight peaks in vocal display might be advantageous; but, even after ...

The Contribution of Vegetation and Landscape Configuration for Predicting Environmental Change Impacts on Iberian Birds

Although climate is known to be one of the key factors determining animal species distributions amongst others, projections of global change impacts on their distributions often rely on bioclimatic envelope models. Vegetation structure and landscape configuration are also key determinants of distributions, but they are rarely considered in such assessments. We explore the ...

Moonlight Makes Owls More Chatty

Background Lunar cycles seem to affect many of the rhythms, temporal patterns and behaviors of living things on Earth. Ambient light is known to affect visual communication in animals, with the conspicuousness of visual signals being largely determined by the light available for reflection by the sender. Although most previous studies in this context have focused on diurnal light, ...

Deciphering the Acylation Pattern of Yersinia enterocolitica Lipid A

Pathogenic bacteria may modify their surface to evade the host innate immune response. Yersinia enterocolitica modulates its lipopolysaccharide (LPS) lipid A structure, and the key regulatory signal is temperature. At 21°C, lipid A is hexa-acylated and may be modified with aminoarabinose or palmitate. At 37°C, Y. enterocolitica expresses a tetra-acylated lipid A consistent with the ...

Combined impact of healthy lifestyle factors on colorectal cancer: a large European cohort study

Background Excess body weight, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and certain dietary factors are individually related to colorectal cancer (CRC) risk; however, little is known about their joint effects. The aim of this study was to develop a healthy lifestyle index (HLI) composed of five potentially modifiable lifestyle factors � healthy weight, physical activity, ...

Snail1 Protein in the Stroma as a New Putative Prognosis Marker for Colon Tumours

, Belgium 0 1 Programa de Recerca en Ca`ncer, IMIM-Hospital del Mar , Barcelona, Spain, 2 Servei d'Oncologia , Hospital del Mar , Barcelona , Spain , 3 Servei d'Anatomia Patolo` gica, Hospital del Mar ... between January 1995 and December 2001 at the Hospital del Mar, Barcelona. Tumours were obtained from the Tumour Bank from the Servei de Patologia from Hospital del Mar and donated with the written patients

DNA Glycosylases Involved in Base Excision Repair May Be Associated with Cancer Risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers