AAPS PharmSciTech

http://link.springer.com/journal/12249

List of Papers (Total 181)

Paediatric Drug Development and Formulation Design—a European Perspective

The availability of licensed paediatric drugs is lagging behind those for adults, and there is a lack of safe formulations in suitable doses that children are able and willing to take. As a consequence, children are commonly treated with off-label or unlicensed drugs. As off-label and unlicensed drug use are associated with a greater risk for harm than on-label drug use, a range...

Stereoisomeric Prodrugs to Improve Corneal Absorption of Prednisolone: Synthesis and In Vitro Evaluation

A series of stereoisomeric prodrugs have been designed to examine efficacy in generating higher corneal absorption relative to prednisolone. Prodrugs have been studied and identified with LC/MS/MS and NMR analyses. Prodrugs have been characterized for aqueous solubility, buffer stability, and cytotoxicity. Cellular uptake and permeability studies have been conducted across MDCK...

Co-Amorphous Combination of Nateglinide-Metformin Hydrochloride for Dissolution Enhancement

The aim of the present work was to prepare a co-amorphous mixture (COAM) of Nateglinide and Metformin hydrochloride to enhance the dissolution rate of poorly soluble Nateglinide. Nateglinide (120 mg) and Metformin hydrochloride (500 mg) COAM, as a dose ratio, were prepared by ball-milling technique. COAMs were characterized for saturation solubility, amorphism and physicochemical...

Effects of Formulation Variables on the Particle Size and Drug Encapsulation of Imatinib-Loaded Solid Lipid Nanoparticles

Imatinib (IMT), an anticancer agent, inhibits receptor tyrosine kinases and is characterized by poor aqueous solubility, extensive first-pass metabolism, and rapid clearance. The aims of the current study are to prepare imatinib-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (IMT-SLN) and study the effects of associated formulation variables on particle size and drug encapsulation on IMT-SLN...

Personalized Medicine in Pediatrics: The Clinical Potential of Orodispersible Films

Children frequently receive medicines that are designed for adults. The dose of commercially available products is adapted, mostly based on the child’s bodyweight, thereby neglecting differences in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics parameters. If commercial products are unsuitable for administration to children or are unavailable, extemporaneous pharmacy preparations are a...

Coatings of Eudragit® RL and L-55 Blends: Investigations on the Drug Release Mechanism

In a previous study, generally lower drug release rates from RL:L55 blend coated pellets in neutral/basic release media than in acidic release media were reported. The aim of this study was to obtain information on the drug release mechanism of solid dosage forms coated with blends of Eudragit® RL (RL) and Eudragit® L-55 (L55). Swelling experiments with free films were analyzed...

Assessment of the Dissociation Energetics of Some Selected Ligand Drugs Bound on Human Serum Albumin by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

Drug-protein binding may play a role in the thermal energetics of protein denaturation and could lead to the determination of its equilibrium dissociation parameter. The aim of this study was to assess the energetics of a drug that was bound to human serum albumin (HSA) during thermal denaturation. Drugs that were bound at a single high-affinity primary binding site on HSA...

pH-Dependent Solubility and Dissolution Behavior of Carvedilol—Case Example of a Weakly Basic BCS Class II Drug

The objective of this study was to investigate the pH-dependent solubility and dissolution of weakly basic Biopharmaceutical Classification Systems (BCS) class II drugs, characterized by low solubility and high permeability, using carvedilol, a weak base with a pK a value of 7.8, as a model drug. A series of solubility and in vitro dissolution studies was carried out using media...

Solid-State Characterization and Interconversion of Recrystallized Amodiaquine Dihydrochloride in Aliphatic Monohydric Alcohols

Amodiaquine dihydrochloride monohydrate (AQ-DM) was obtained by recrystallizing amodiaquine dihydrochloride dihydrate (AQ-DD) in methanol, ethanol, and n-propanol. Solid-state characterization of AQ-DD and AQ-DM was performed using X-ray powder diffractometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry. All recrystallized...

Development, Optimization, and Characterization of PEGylated Nanoemulsion of Prostaglandin E1 for Long Circulation

Lipo-PGE1 is the most widely used formulation of PGE1 in clinic. However, PGE1 is easier to leak out from lipo-PGE1 and this will lead to the phlebophlogosis when intravenous injection. The stability of lipo-PGE1 in storage and in vivo is also discounted. The aim of this study is to develop a long-circulating prostaglandin E1-loaded nanoemulsion modified with 1,2-distearoyl-sn...

Ilex paraguariensis Pellets from a Spray-Dried Extract: Development, Characterization, and Stability

Several studies have shown the potential use of Ilex paraguariensis in developing products with the aim to protect biological systems against oxidative stress-mediated damages. In the same way, technological studies have demonstrated the feasibility of obtaining dry products, by spray-drying process, from aqueous extracts of I. paraguariensis in laboratory. The present work was...

An Intensified Vibratory Milling Process for Enhancing the Breakage Kinetics during the Preparation of Drug Nanosuspensions

As a drug-sparing approach in early development, vibratory milling has been used for the preparation of nanosuspensions of poorly water-soluble drugs. The aim of this study was to intensify this process through a systematic increase in vibration intensity and bead loading with the optimal bead size for faster production. Griseofulvin, a poorly water-soluble drug, was wet-milled...

Preparation and In Vitro–In Vivo Evaluation of Sustained-Release Matrix Pellets of Capsaicin to Enhance the Oral Bioavailability

Capsaicin has multiple pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, its clinical application is limited due to its poor aqueous solubility, gastric irritation, and low oral bioavailability. This research was aimed at preparing sustained-release matrix pellets of capsaicin to enhance its oral bioavailability. The pellets...

Drop-on-Demand System for Manufacturing of Melt-based Solid Oral Dosage: Effect of Critical Process Parameters on Product Quality

The features of a drop-on-demand-based system developed for the manufacture of melt-based pharmaceuticals have been previously reported. In this paper, a supervisory control system, which is designed to ensure reproducible production of high quality of melt-based solid oral dosages, is presented. This control system enables the production of individual dosage forms with the...

Improved Aqueous Solubility and Antihypercholesterolemic Activity of Ezetimibe on Formulating with Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin and Hydrophilic Auxiliary Substances

The purpose of this study was to improve the aqueous solubility, dissolution, and pharmacodynamic properties of a BCS class II drug, ezetimibe (Eze) by preparing ternary cyclodextrin complex systems. We investigated the potential synergistic effect of two novel hydrophilic auxiliary substances, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) and l-ascorbic acid-2...

Monitoring of a Hot Melt Coating Process via a Novel Multipoint Near-Infrared Spectrometer

The aim of the present work was to develop a PAT strategy for the supervision of hot melt coating processes. Optical fibers were placed at various positions in the process chamber of a fluid bed device. Experiments were performed to determine the most suitable position for in-line process monitoring, taking into account such requirements as a good signal to noise ratio, the...

In Vitro-In Vivo Evaluation of Novel Co-spray Dried Rifampicin Phospholipid Lipospheres for Oral Delivery

The objective of this study comprises of developing novel co-spray dried rifampicin phospholipid lipospheres (SDRPL) to investigate its influence on rifampicin solubility and oral bioavailability. Solid-state techniques were employed to characterize the liposphere formulation. SDRPL solubility was determined in distilled water. BACTEC 460TB System was employed to evaluate SDRPL...

Characterization and In Vitro Evaluation of the Complexes of Posaconazole with β- and 2,6-di-O-methyl-β-cyclodextrin

Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal drug that with extremely poor aqueous solubility. Up to now, this drug can be administered via intravenous injection and oral suspension. However, its oral bioavailability is greatly limited by the dissolution rate of the drug. This study aimed to improve water solubility and dissolution of posaconazole through characterizing the inclusion...

Design and Evaluation of Hydrophilic Matrix System Containing Polyethylene Oxides for the Zero-Order Controlled Delivery of Water-Insoluble Drugs

The aim of this study was to design a polyethylene oxide (PEO) binary hydrophilic matrix controlled system and investigate the most important influence(s) on the in vitro water-insoluble drug release behavior of this controlled system. Direct-compressed PEO binary matrix tablets were obtained from a variety of low viscosity hydrophilic materials as a sustained agent, using...

Twin Screw Extruders as Continuous Mixers for Thermal Processing: a Technical and Historical Perspective

Developed approximately 100 years ago for natural rubber/plastics applications, processes via twin screw extrusion (TSE) now generate some of the most cutting-edge drug delivery systems available. After 25 or so years of usage in pharmaceutical environments, it has become evident why TSE processing offers significant advantages as compared to other manufacturing techniques. The...

Systematic Development of Transethosomal Gel System of Piroxicam: Formulation Optimization, In Vitro Evaluation, and Ex Vivo Assessment

Piroxicam is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and other inflammatory diseases. Upon oral administration, it is reported to cause ulcerative colitis, gastrointestinal irritation, edema and peptic ulcer. Hence, an alternative delivery system has been designed in the form of transethosome. The present study describes the preparation, optimization...

19F Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometric Determination of the Partition Coefficients of Flutamide and Nilutamide (Antiprostate Cancer Drugs) in a Lipid Nano-Emulsion and Prediction of Its Encapsulation Efficiency for the Drugs

To design a useful lipid drug carrier having a high encapsulation efficiency (EE%) for the antiprostate cancer drugs flutamide (FT) and nilutamide (NT), a lipid nano-emulsion (LNE) was prepared with soybean oil (SO), phosphatidylcholine (PC), and sodium palmitate, and the partition coefficients (K ps) of the drugs for the LNE were determined by 19F nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR...

Preparation, Pharmacokinetic Profile, and Tissue Distribution Studies of a Liposome-Based Formulation of SN-38 Using an UPLC–MS/MS Method

The application of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) in cancer treatment is limited by its low solubility. This study is to develop a liposome-entrapped formulation of SN-38 (LE-SN38) to solve the obstacle and to evaluate its pharmacokinetic profile in dogs and tissue distribution in mice. LE-SN38 which is more likely to be suitable for large-scale production was prepared by...

The Localization of Phenolic Compounds in Liposomal Bilayers and Their Effects on Surface Characteristics and Colloidal Stability

The interactions with and effects of five chemically distinct, bioactive phenolic compounds on the lipid bilayers of model dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) liposomes were investigated. Complementary analytical techniques, including differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and phosphorus and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), were employed in order to...

Development of Molecularly Imprinted Olanzapine Nano-particles: In Vitro Characterization and In Vivo Evaluation

Molecularly imprinted nano-particles (MINPs) selective for olanzapine were prepared using methacrylic acid (MA) as monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a cross-linker, and 2,2-azobis (2-isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) as the initiator in 36 different ratios. The reaction runs with considerable fine powder formation were selected for further binding and selectivity studies...