Forest Ecosystems

http://link.springer.com/journal/40663

List of Papers (Total 167)

Multicriteria spatial analysis applied to identifying ecosystem services in mixed-use river catchment areas in south central Chile

BackgroundThe flow of goods and services occurring in catchment areas allows the production of a series of ecosystem services. These have a direct impact on the inhabitants of the territory, who in turn recognise and value ecosystems (social value) as a function of the benefits which they generate. This has a direct impact on public policies that contribute to the development of...

Differential responses of net N mineralization and nitrification to throughfall reduction in a Castanopsis hystrix plantation in southern China

BackgroundMany regions in the world are experiencing changes in precipitation pattern, which likely impact soil nitrogen cycling and availability. However, we know little about how soil nitrogen processes respond to drought stress under climate change.MethodsA continuous 5-year experiment of throughfall reduction treatment (TRT) was conducted in a Castanopsis hystrix plantation...

Forest in situ observations using unmanned aerial vehicle as an alternative of terrestrial measurements

BackgroundLately, terrestrial point clouds have drawn attention as a new data source for in situ forest investigations. So far, terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) has the highest data quality among all terrestrial point cloud data in terms of geometric accuracy and level of detail (IEEE Transact Geosci Remote Sens 53: 5117–5132, 2015). The TLS point clouds processed by automated...

Spatiotemporal variations in productivity and water use efficiency across a temperate forest landscape of Northeast China

BackgroundForests are increasingly valued for non-timber ecosystem services in place of conventional wood fiber production. Biomass carbon sequestration is one of the key ecosystem services forests are relied upon for mitigating global climate change. However, planning for large-scale tree planting and managing established forest stands for carbon sequestration require careful...

The functional complex network approach to foster forest resilience to global changes

Human impacts on Earth’s ecosystems have greatly intensified in the last decades. This is reflected in unexpected disturbance events, as well as new and increasing socio-economic demands, all of which are affecting the resilience of forest ecosystems worldwide and the provision of important ecosystem services. This Anthropocene era is forcing us to reconsider past and current...

Climate forcing of tree growth in dry Afromontane forest fragments of Northern Ethiopia: evidence from multi-species responses

BackgroundClimate-induced challenge remains a growing concern in the dry tropics, threatening carbon sink potential of tropical dry forests. Hence, understanding their responses to the changing climate is of high priority to facilitate sustainable management of the remnant dry forests. In this study, we examined the long-term climate-growth relations of main tree species in the...

Wood density and carbon concentration of coarse woody debris in native forests, Brazil

BackgroundWith the objective of increasing knowledge on biomass and carbon stocks, and thus improving the accuracy of published estimates, the present study explored wood density and carbon concentration of coarse woody debris (diameter ≥10) by decay class in a Seasonal Semi-deciduous Forest (SSF) area in the Atlantic Rain Forest and in a Cerrado sensu-stricto (CSS) area...

Improved simulation of carbon and water fluxes by assimilating multi-layer soil temperature and moisture into process-based biogeochemical model

BackgroundSoil temperature and moisture are sensitive indicators in soil organic matter decomposition because they control global carbon and water cycles and their potential feedback to climatic variations. Although the Biome-Biogeochemical Cycles (Biome-BGC) model is broadly applied in simulating forest carbon and water fluxes, its single-layer soil module cannot represent...

Potential gains from spatially-explicit coordinated planning between two large public ownerships in Minnesota

BackgroundMany forested landscapes throughout the world involve a mix of public forest ownerships. This study explores how coordinated planning between two large public ownerships in Minnesota impact landscape-level trade-offs between timber production and production of core area of older forest (COF) for the region. COF is an important metric for wildlife habitat. Emphasis is on...

Tree species diversity impacts average radial growth of beech and oak trees in Belgium, not their long-term growth trend

BackgroundEnvironmental change has resulted in changes in forest growth in Europe during the last century. This has consequences for the products and services delivered by forest. Mixing tree species is often proposed as a strategy to deal with the consequences of climate change. Diversifying forests is believed to result in higher productivity and increased growth stability...

A constructive review of the State Forest Inventory in the Russian Federation

The State Forest Inventory (SFI) in the Russian Federation is a relatively new project that is little known in the English-language scientific literature. Following the stipulations of the Forest Act of 2006, the first SFI sample plots in this vast territory were established in 2007. The 34 Russian forest regions were the basic geographical units for all statistical estimates and...

The effect of spatial structure of forests on the precision and costs of plot-level forest resource estimation

BackgroundWe investigated how the precision and costs of forest resource estimates for sample plots of different type and size depend on the spatial structure of forests and jointly studied the effects of tree density and size distribution. Statistically thinking, the trees in a forest can be regarded as a point pattern. Based on the spatial properties of the point pattern, we...

Post-fire soil nutrient dynamics in a tropical dry deciduous forest of Western Ghats, India

BackgroundThe effect of forest fire on soil is complex and relatively less understood than its above ground effect. Understanding the effect of fire on forest soils can allow improving management of valuable forest ecosystems as adequate and proper information is very important for efficient management. We have studied the recovery of soil properties after fire, using a...

Spatial distribution of the potential forest biomass availability in Europe

BackgroundEuropean forests are considered a crucial resource for supplying biomass to a growing bio-economy in Europe. This study aimed to assess the potential availability of forest biomass from European forests and its spatial distribution. We tried to answer the questions (i) how is the potential forest biomass availability spatially distributed across Europe and (ii) where...

Modelling the population fluctuation of winter moth and mottled umber moth in central and northern Germany

BackgroundWinter moth (Operophtera brumata) and mottled umber moth (Erannis defoliaria) are forest Lepidoptera species characterized by periodic high abundance in a 7–11 year cycle. During outbreak years they cause severe defoliation in many forest stands in Europe. In order to better understand the spatio-temporal dynamics and elucidate possible influences of weather, stand and...

Acacia mangium Willd: benefits and threats associated with its increasing use around the world

BackgroundAcacia mangium, a fast-growing tree native to parts of Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Australia, has been cultivated outside its native environment and introduced into humid tropical lowland regions of Asia, South America and Africa over the last few decades. It is a multipurpose tree used in agroforestry, forestry and for restoration of degraded lands. It is also...

Positive association between forest management, environmental change, and forest bird abundance

BackgroundThe global decrease in wildlife populations, especially birds, is mainly due to land use change and increasing intensity of land use (Parmesan and Yohe 2003). However, impacts of management tools to mitigate biodiversity loss at regional and global scales are less apparent in forest regions that have a constant forest area, and which did not suffer from habitat...

Changes in soil organic carbon contents and fractionations of forests along a climatic gradient in China

BackgroundSoil organic carbon (SOC) is a large reservoir of terrestrial carbon (C); it consists of different fractions of varying complexity and stability. Partitioning SOC into different pools of decomposability help better predict the trend of changes in SOC dynamics under climate change. Information on how physical fractions and chemical structures of SOC are related to...

Do karst woody plants control xylem tension to avoid substantial xylem cavitation in the wet season?

BackgroundPlants have been hypothesized to maintain strong control over xylem tension by closing stomata and to operate at a water potential above or near the critical potential at which cavitation commences. An alternative hypothesis holds that cavitation temporarily relieves water stress and stomatal closure is insufficient to prevent short term “run-away” cavitation.MethodsThe...

Influence of transect length and downed woody debris abundance on precision of the line-intersect sampling method

BackgroundAccurate downed woody debris (DWD) volume or mass estimates are needed for numerous applications such as fuel loading, forest carbon, and biodiversity/habitat assessments. The line-intersect sampling (LIS) method of inventorying DWD is widely used in forest inventories and ecological studies because it is time-efficient and unbiased. Despite its widespread use, the...

Effects of the urban heat island and climate change on the growth of Khaya senegalensis in Hanoi, Vietnam

BackgroundRecent projections expect that Vietnam will be affected most severely by climate change with higher temperatures, more precipitation and rising sea levels. Especially increased temperatures will worsen the situations in cities, amplifying the urban heat island effect. Green infrastructures, i.e. urban trees are a common tool to improve the urban micro-climate for humans...

Growth at the microscale: long term thinning effects on patterns and timing of intra-annual stem increment in radiata pine

BackgroundStem radial growth in forests is not uniform. Rather, it is characterized by periods of relatively fast or slow growth, or sometimes no growth at all. These fluctuations are generally a function of varying environmental conditions (e.g. water availability) and, importantly, will also be associated with adjustments in properties in the wood formed. Stand level conditions...

Quantifying the effect of persistent dryer climates on forest productivity and implications for forest planning: a case study in northern Germany

BackgroundForest management decisions are based on expectations of future developments. For sound decisions it is essential to accurately predict the expected values in future developments and to account for their inherent uncertainty, for example the impact of climate change on forests. Changing climatic conditions affect forest productivity and alter the risk profile of forests...

Deposition of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in a typical forestry system in Beijing, China

BackgroundRapid economic development in China has resulted in an increase in severe air pollution in city groups such as the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Metropolitan Region. PM2.5 (fine particles with an aerodynamic equivalent diameter of 2.5 μm or less) is one of the most important pollutants. The deposition process is an important way of removing particles from the air. To evaluate...