Journal of Ovarian Research

http://www.ovarianresearch.com/

List of Papers (Total 541)

Diversity of imaging features of ovarian sclerosing stromal tumors on MRI and PET-CT: a case report and literature review

Sclerosing stromal tumors (SST) are rare, benign tumors classified as sex cord stromal tumors. To our knowledge, positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) findings of SST have only been described in one report and imaging findings on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) have only been described in three reports. Characteristic imaging features of SST on PET-CT...

Rapidly growing juvenile granulosa cell tumor of the ovary arising in adult: a case report and review of the literature

Ovarian granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) are divided into adult GCT (AGCT) and juvenile GCT (JGCT). The AGCT is more common type, conversely, less than 5% of tumors are the JGCT and occur in mainly premenarchal girls and in women younger than 30 years. Although JGCT have different histologic features compared to AGCT, the two types have similar imaging features because they have...

DAXX promotes ovarian cancer ascites cell proliferation and migration by activating the ERK signaling pathway

The death-domain-associated protein (DAXX) was originally identified as a protein that binds to the transmembrane death receptor FAS and enhances both FAS-induced and transforming growth factor-β-dependent apoptosis. In a previous study, we found that nude mice injected with DAXX-overexpressing cells (ES-2-DAXX) accumulated large concentrations of first-generation ascites cells...

Mitochondrial membrane depolarization enhances TRAIL-induced cell death in adult human granulosa tumor cells, KGN, through inhibition of BIRC5

Cellular metabolic changes that accompany malignant transformation have been heralded as hallmark features of cancer. However, metabolic signatures between neoplasms can be unique, allowing for distinctions in malignancy, invasion and chemoresistance between cancer types and subtypes. Mitochondria are central metabolic mediators, as cellular bioenergetics veers from oxidative...

Mass spectrometry-based proteomics techniques and their application in ovarian cancer research

Ovarian cancer has emerged as one of the leading cause of gynecological malignancies. So far, the measurement of CA125 and HE4 concentrations in blood and transvaginal ultrasound examination are essential ovarian cancer diagnostic methods. However, their sensitivity and specificity are still not sufficient to detect disease at the early stage. Moreover, applied treatment may...

CT of ovarian cancer: 3D cinematic rendering for preoperative evaluation

Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecologic malignancy. As the primary imaging modality, computed tomography (CT) can provide staging information for preoperative planning and determination of surgical resectability. As a new three-dimensional postprocessing tool for CT images, cinematic rendering (CR) has the potential to depict anatomic details accurately. (Case 1) A...

Intrafollicular fibroblast growth factor 13 in polycystic ovary syndrome: relationship with androgen levels and oocyte developmental competence

Fibroblast growth factor 13 (FGF13) is one of the most highly expressed FGF family members in adult mouse ovary. However, its precise roles in ovarian function remain largely unknown. We sought to evaluate the associations between FGF13 in follicular fluid and oocyte developmental competence in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A cross-sectional study was conducted...

Prognostic value of various subtypes of extracellular DNA in ovarian cancer patients

Patients with ovarian cancer represent a heterogeneous population with a variable prognosis and response to chemotherapy. Plasma DNA has been shown to have a prognostic value in different types of cancer including ovarian carcinoma. Whether total circulating DNA, which can be assessed much easier without knowing the tumor-specific mutations, has similar informative value is...

Gonadotropin and steroid hormones regulate pluripotent very small embryonic-like stem cells in adult mouse uterine endometrium

Very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) exist in adult organs, express pluripotent markers and have the ability to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Testicular, ovarian and hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells express receptors for follicle stimulating (FSH) and ovarian hormones and are activated by them to undergo proliferation/differentiation. VSELs exist in...

Assessment of Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthase 2 and Versican gene expression profile from the cumulus cells: association with better in vitro fertilization outcomes

Current methods for determining superior embryo quality (morphological assessment) are unable to compensate for poor pregnancy outcomes. Due to the importance of the cumulus-oocyte complex and the value of cumulus cells (CCs) as markers of embryo health, we determined the association between the CCs gene expression of the Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthase 2 (PTGS2) and Versican...

Exosomal miR-1290 is a potential biomarker of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma and can discriminate patients from those with malignancies of other histological types

microRNAs (miRNAs) stably exist in circulating blood encapsulated in extracellular vesicles such as exosomes; therefore, serum miRNAs have the potential to serve as novel cancer biomarkers. New diagnostic markers to detect high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to identify miRNAs specific to HGSOC and analyze whether serum miRNA...

Anaplastic carcinoma in ovarian seromucinous cystic tumor of borderline malignancy

The mortality rate of ovarian cancer is the highest among all gynecological malignancies in Japan. Ovarian tumors are classified as benign, borderline malignant, or malignant. Anticipating the histological subtype with imaging only is often difficult because of several histological subtypes of epithelial ovarian tumors (such as serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear cell, and...

Pregnancy after drug-free in vitro activation of follicles and fresh tissue autotransplantation in primary ovarian insufficiency patient: a case report and literature review

The aim of this report was to describe a case of pregnancy after drug-free in vitro activation (IVA) of follicles and fresh tissue autotransplantation in primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) patient and to review the pertinent literature. We present a case in wich a 32 - years old patient with POI became pregnant after IVA without tissue culture and with ovarian tissue...

Ovarian teratoma in children: a plea for collaborative clinical study

Although teratomas are the most common histologic subtype of childhood ovarian germ cell tumors, their appropriate treatment in this age group still remains unclear. Paucity of research dedicated exclusively to both mature and immature teratomas of the ovary, contribute to decision making difficulties. Therefore, we decided to review retrospectively our experience in treatment of...

A comprehensive overview of exosomes in ovarian cancer: emerging biomarkers and therapeutic strategies

Exosomes are nanoparticles(40-100 nm) secreted by most cells in the body, which can be isolated from several types of extracellular fluids. It has been shown that exosomes play a key role in intercellular communication and in transportation of genetic information. Emerging evidence shows that exosomes are mediators of metastasis in tumour cells, stromal cells and the...

Docosahexaenoic acid mechanisms of action on the bovine oocyte-cumulus complex

Supplementation of bovine oocyte-cumulus complexes during in vitro maturation (IVM) with 1 μM of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), C22:6 n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, was reported to improve in vitro embryo development. The objective of this paper was to decipher the mechanisms of DHA action. Transcriptomic analysis of 1 μM DHA-treated and control cumulus cells after 4 h IVM showed...

A modified and tailored human follicle isolation procedure improves follicle recovery and survival

Ovarian tissue cryopreservation followed by transplantation after cancer remission is the most commonly applied fertility restoration approach in very young girls and women who require immediate cancer therapy. However, clinicians strongly advise against reimplantation of one’s own ovarian tissue when there is a high risk of recurrence after grafting. For these patients...

A comprehensive overview of exosomes in ovarian cancer: emerging biomarkers and therapeutic strategies

Exosomes are nanoparticles(40-100 nm) secreted by most cells in the body, which can be isolated from several types of extracellular fluids. It has been shown that exosomes play a key role in intercellular communication and in transportation of genetic information. Emerging evidence shows that exosomes are mediators of metastasis in tumour cells, stromal cells and the...

Circulating cell-free DNA and circulating tumor cells, the “liquid biopsies” in ovarian cancer

Limited understanding of ovarian cancer (OC) genome portrait has hindered the therapeutic advances. The serial monitoring of tumor genotypes is becoming increasingly attainable with circulating cell-free DNA (cf-DNA) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) emerging as “liquid biopsies”. They represent non-invasive biomarkers and are viable, as they can be isolated from human plasma...