Advances in Difference Equations

http://www.advancesindifferenceequations.com/

List of Papers (Total 3,024)

Existence of almost periodic solution for neutral Nicholson blowflies model

This paper is concerned with a class of neutral Nicholson blowflies models with leakage delays and linear harvesting terms. Under appropriate conditions, some criteria are established for the existence and global exponential stability of almost periodic solutions for the model by applying exponential dichotomy theory. An example is provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the...

Nonlocal boundary value problems of fractional order at resonance with integral conditions

Based upon the well-known coincidence degree theory of Mawhin, we obtain some new existence results for a class of nonlocal fractional boundary value problems at resonance given by { D 0 + α u ( t ) = f ( t , u ( t ) , D 0 + α − 1 u ( t ) , D 0 + α − 2 u ( t ) ) , t ∈ ( 0 , 1 ) , I 0 + 3 − α u ( 0 ) = u ′ ( 0 ) = 0 , D 0 + β u ( 1 ) = ∫ 0 1 D 0 + β u ( t ) d A ( t...

Non-polynomial cubic spline discretization for system of non-linear singular boundary value problems using variable mesh

In this paper, we propose two generalized non-polynomial cubic spline schemes using a variable mesh to solve the system of non-linear singular two point boundary value problems. Theoretical analysis proves that the proposed methods have second- and third-order convergence. Both methods are applicable to singular boundary value problems. Numerical results are also provided to show...

Existence of positive periodic solutions for a class of Gilpin-Ayala ecological models with discrete and distributed time delays

In this paper, we deal with a class of Gilpin-Ayala ecological models with discrete and distributed time delays. By employing a fixed point theorem of strict-set-contraction and inequality techniques, some sufficient conditions for the existence of periodic solutions are established. As an application, one example is given to illustrate the validity of our main results.

On a system of fractional finite difference inclusions

By making a special product Banach space and using the famous result of Covitz and Nadler on fixed point of multifunctions we investigate the existence of a solution for a system of fractional finite difference inclusions via some boundary conditions. We provide an example to illustrate our main result.

Diffusive induced global dynamics and bifurcation in a predator-prey system

In this paper, a diffusive Leslie-type predator-prey model is investigated. The existence of a global positive solution, persistence, stability of the equilibria and Hopf bifurcation are studied respectively. By calculating the normal form on the center manifold, the formulas determining the direction and the stability of Hopf bifurcations are explicitly derived. Finally, our...

Some results on the fractional order Sturm-Liouville problems

In this work, we introduce some new results on the Lyapunov inequality, uniqueness and multiplicity results of nontrivial solutions of the nonlinear fractional Sturm-Liouville problems { D 0 + q ( p ( t ) u ′ ( t ) ) + Λ ( t ) f ( u ( t ) ) = 0 , 1 < q ≤ 2 , t ∈ ( 0 , 1 ) , α u ( 0 ) − β p ( 0 ) u ′ ( 0 ) = 0 , γ u ( 1 ) + δ p ( 1 ) u ′ ( 1 ) = 0 , $$\textstyle\begin{cases} D_{0...

Impacts of state-dependent impulses on the stability of switching Cohen-Grossberg neural networks

This paper investigates the impacts of state-dependent impulses on the stability of switching Cohen-Grossberg neural networks (CGNN) by means of B-equivalence method. Under certain conditions, the state-dependent impulsive switching systems can be reduced to the fixed-time ones. Furthermore, a stability criterion for the considered CGNN using the proposed comparison system is...

Fractional operators with exponential kernels and a Lyapunov type inequality

In this article, we extend fractional calculus with nonsingular exponential kernels, initiated recently by Caputo and Fabrizio, to higher order. The extension is given to both left and right fractional derivatives and integrals. We prove existence and uniqueness theorems for the Caputo (CFC) and Riemann (CFR) type initial value problems by using Banach contraction theorem. Then...

Analysis of the equilibrium points of background neural networks with uniform firing rate

In this paper, we give a complete analysis of the equilibrium points of background neural networks with uniform firing rates. By using continuity, monotonicity of some functions and Rolle’s theorem, the number of equilibrium points and their locations are obtained. Moreover, some novel sufficient conditions are given to guarantee the stability of the equilibrium points for the...

Control and stability on chaotic convection in porous media with time delayed fractional orders

In this paper, we study the effect of time delay and the scaled Rayleigh number on chaotic convection in porous media with fractional order. The stability analysis for different fractional-order cases is investigated and the effective chaotic range of the fractional order is determined by a general synchronization of nonidentical chaotic systems based on the active control...

Compact almost automorphic solutions for some nonlinear integral equations with time-dependent and state-dependent delay

We study the existence of compact almost automorphic solutions for a class of integral equations with time-dependent and state-dependent delay. An application to a blowflies model and a transmission lines model is carried out to support the theoretical finding.

Analytical solutions to multi-term time-space Caputo-Riesz fractional diffusion equations on an infinite domain

The present paper deals with the Cauchy problem for the multi-term time-space fractional diffusion equation in one dimensional space. The time fractional derivatives are defined as Caputo fractional derivatives and the space fractional derivative is defined in the Riesz sense. Firstly the domain of the fractional Laplacian is extended to a Banach space. Then the analytical...

A matched space for time scales and applications to the study on functions

In this paper, using the algebraic structure of the Abelian group, we introduce the concept of a matched space for time scales, and we construct the algebraic structure of matched spaces to solve the closedness of time scales under non-translational shifts. Using a matched space for time scales, a new concept of periodic time scales is introduced. Based on it, new concepts of...

Synchronization of fractional chaotic systems based on a simple Lyapunov function

In this paper the synchronization of fractional-order chaotic systems and a new property of fractional derivatives are studied. Then we propose a new fractional-order extension of Lyapunov direct method to control the fractional-order chaotic systems. A new synchronization method and a linear feedback controller are given to achieve the synchronization of fractional-order chaotic...

Chebyshev polynomials and their some interesting applications

The main purpose of this paper is by using the definitions and properties of Chebyshev polynomials to study the power sum problems involving Fibonacci polynomials and Lucas polynomials and to obtain some interesting divisible properties.

Impulsive synchronization of a network with time-varying topology and delay

In this paper, synchronization of a network with time-varying topology and delay is investigated. Firstly, proper controllers are designed for achieving synchronization by adopting impulsive control scheme. Based on the linear matrix inequality technique and the Lyapunov function method, a synchronization criterion is derived and analytically proved. Secondly, controllers are...

Analytical study for time and time-space fractional Burgers’ equation

In this paper, the variational iteration method (VIM) is applied to solve the time and space-time fractional Burgers’ equation for various initial conditions. VIM solutions are computed for the fractional Burgers’ equation to show the behavior of VIM solutions as the fractional derivative parameter is changed. The results obtained by VIM are compared with exact solutions and also...

Alternate-continuous-control systems with double-impulse

We propose a mathematical model that can control the stability of an unstable system. Periodicity is an important feature of the system. We add a continuous control to the first half of each period of the system and then add an impulse control J1 at the 1 / 2 $1/2$ period time. Again, we do not control the rest half of each period of the system. Finally, we add an impulse control...

Existence and blowup of solutions for the modified Klein-Gordon-Zakharov equations for plasmas with a quantum correction

This paper studies the existence and blowup of solutions for the modified Klein-Gordon-Zakharov equations for plasmas with a quantum correction, which describe the interaction between high frequency Langmuir waves and low frequency ion-acoustic waves in a plasma considering the quantum effects. Firstly the existence and uniqueness of the local smooth solutions are obtained by the...