Journal of Human Genetics

http://www.nature.com/jhg

List of Papers (Total 1,287)

An effective screening strategy for deafness in combination with a next-generation sequencing platform: a consecutive analysis

The diagnosis of the genetic etiology of deafness contributes to the clinical management of patients. We performed the following four genetic tests in three stages for 52 consecutive deafness subjects in one facility. We used the Invader assay for 46 mutations in 13 genes and Sanger sequencing for the GJB2 gene or SLC26A4 gene in the first-stage test, the TaqMan genotyping assay...

Whole-exome sequencing and neurite outgrowth analysis in autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex group of clinically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders with unclear etiology and pathogenesis. Genetic studies have identified numerous candidate genetic variants, including de novo mutated ASD-associated genes; however, the function of these de novo mutated genes remains unclear despite extensive bioinformatics resources...

Kagami–Ogata syndrome: a clinically recognizable upd(14)pat and related disorder affecting the chromosome 14q32.2 imprinted region

Human chromosome 14q32.2 carries paternally expressed genes including DLK1 and RTL1, and maternally expressed genes including MEG3 and RTL1as, along with the germline-derived DLK1-MEG3 intergenic differentially methylated region (IG-DMR) and the postfertilization-derived MEG3-DMR. Consistent with this, paternal uniparental disomy 14 (upd(14)pat), and epimutations...

Genetics of autoimmune diseases: insights from population genetics

Human genetic diversity is the result of population genetic forces. This genetic variation influences disease risk and contributes to health disparities. Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a family of complex heterogeneous disorders with similar underlying mechanisms characterized by immune responses against self. Collectively, ADs are common, exhibit gender and ethnic disparities...

Systematic review and meta-analysis of Japanese familial Alzheimer’s disease and FTDP-17

Mutations in APP, PSEN1 and PSEN2 as the genetic causes of familial Alzheimer’s disease (FAD) have been found in various ethnic populations. A substantial number of FAD pedigrees with mutations have been reported in the Japanese population; however, it remains unclear whether the genetic and clinical features of FAD in the Japanese population differ from those in other...

Heterozygosity for deletion of hypersensitive site 3 in the human locus control region has an unexpected minor effect on red cell phenotype

The locus control region (LCR) is a genetic region that regulates the expression of the β-globin locus (HBB locus). This region is composed of several DNase I hypersensitive sites (HSs) in which the regulatory functions of the LCR may reside. To date, some individuals bearing deletions of several HSs or even the complete LCR have been described. Although the globin genes of the...

Isolation, contact and social behavior shaped genetic diversity in West Timor

Timor, an eastern Indonesian island linking mainland Asia with Australia and the Pacific world, had a complex history, including its role as a contact zone between two language families (Austronesian and Trans-New Guinean), as well as preserving elements of a rich Austronesian cultural heritage, such as matrilocal marriage practices. Using an array of biparental (autosomal and X...

Quantifying the uncertainty in heritability

The use of mixed models to determine narrow-sense heritability and related quantities such as SNP heritability has received much recent attention. Less attention has been paid to the inherent variability in these estimates. One approach for quantifying variability in estimates of heritability is a frequentist approach, in which heritability is estimated using maximum likelihood...

Clinical and genetic analysis of the first known Asian family with myotonic dystrophy type 2

Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is more common than DM1 in Europe and is considered a rare cause of myotonic dystrophies in Asia. Its clinical course is also milder with more phenotypic variability than DM1. We herein describe the first known Asian family (three affected siblings) with DM2 based on clinical and genetic analyses. Notably, two of the affected siblings were...

Frequency of mitochondrial mutations in non-syndromic hearing loss as well as possibly responsible variants found by whole mitochondrial genome screening

Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are reported to be responsible for the pathogenesis of maternally inherited hearing loss. Complete mtDNA sequencing may detect pathogenic mutations, but whether they are indeed pathogenic can be difficult to interpret because of normal ethnic-associated haplogroup variation and other rare variations existing among control populations. In...

Truncated UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) from a Crigler–Najjar syndrome type II patient colocalizes with intact UGT in the endoplasmic reticulum

Mutations in the gene encoding bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1) are known to cause Crigler–Najjar syndrome type II (CN-II). We previously encountered a patient with a nonsense mutation (Q331X) on one allele and with no other mutations in the promoter region or other exons, and proposed that CN-II is inherited as a dominant trait due to the formation of a...