Clinical Proteomics

https://link.springer.com/journal/12014

List of Papers (Total 479)

Selected expression profiling of full-length proteins and their variants in human plasma

With increased interest in clinical proteomics—the comparative investigation of differential protein expression patterns for use in the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of disease states—the demand for techniques that can readily identify changes in select proteome components is greater than ever before. This article describes a targeted proteomics approach to recover and...

Unbound free fatty acid concentrations are increased in cardiac ischemia

Monitoring increased plasma unbound free fatty acid (FFAu) concentrations has been proposed as a biomarker for myocardial ischemia. In the current study, 30 acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients presenting in the emergency department, with chest pain within 12 h of onset, were clinically evaluated along with serial cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and FFAu measurements. Increased FFAu...

Analysis of the human serum proteome

Changes in serum proteins that signal histopathological states, such as cancer, are useful diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Unfortunately, the large dynamic concentration range of proteins in serum makes it a challenging proteome to effectively characterize. Typically, methods to deplete highly abundant proteins to decrease this dynamic protein concentration range are...

New targets for an old drug

Methotrexate has been a clinical agent used in cancer, immunosuppression, rheumatoid arthritis, and other highly proliferative diseases for many years, yet its underlying molecular mechanism of action in these therapeutic areas is still unclear. We have previously reported using a chemical proteomics technique on several other potential pharmacodynamic targets of methotrexate...

Antiproliferative heparan sulfate inhibiting hyaluronan and transforming growth factor-β expression in human lung fibroblast cells

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of heparan sulfate (HS) on factors involved in the remodeling of connective tissue observed in patients with fibrotic respiratory disorders such as asthma. A suitable working model is to stimulate human fetal lung fibroblasts in vitro with structurally different forms of HS. Highly sulfated and iduronic acid (IdoUA)-rich HS...

Comparison of protein expression patterns between hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines and a hepatoblastoma cell line

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatoblastoma (HB) are malignancies of the liver with different etiologies, but the HB cell line HepG2 has been frequently used in various studies of HCC. In this study, we compare the protein expression patterns between HepG2 cells and three HCC cell lines, HKCI-2, HKCI-3, and HKCI-4, respectively. The cell lysates of individual cell lines...

Data mining in proteomic mass spectrometry

Data mining application to proteomic data from mass spectrometry has gained much interest in recent years. Advances made in proteomics and mass spectrometry have resulted in considerable amount of data that cannot be easily visualized or interpreted. Mass spectral proteomic datasets are typically high dimensional but with small sample size. Consequently, advanced artificial...

Lysate array analyses of signal transduction inhibitors in tumor cell lines

We probed the ability of reverse lysate array technology to help explain potential differences in the responses of cancer cells to various small-molecule kinase inhibitors. To understand the antitumor potential of signal transduction inhibitors and their effects on signaling pathways downstream of Src, we used reverse lysate array technology to study SIG11293, a selective...

Assessment of protein stability in cerebrospinal fluid using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry protein profiling

Recent studies have evaluated proper acquisition and storage procedures for the use of serum or plasma for mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics. The present study examines the proteome stability of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) over time at 23°C (room temperature) and 4°C using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight MS. Data analysis revealed that...

Salivary protein profiling in type I diabetes using two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry

Owing to its noninvasive collection, saliva is considered as a potent diagnostic fluid. The goal of this study was to investigate the modification of the salivary proteome occurring in type 1 diabetes to highlight potential biomarkers of the pathology. High-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass...

Laser-induced dissociation of phosphorylated peptides using matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry

Reversible phosphorylation is one of the most important posttranslational modifications of cellular proteins. Mass spectrometry is a widely used technique in the characterization of phosphorylated proteins and peptides. Similar to nonmodified peptides, sequence information for phosphopeptides digested from proteins can be obtained by tandem mass analysis using either electrospray...

Comparison of protein expression lists from mass spectrometry of human blood fluids using exact peptide sequences versus BLAST

The proteins in blood were all first expressed as mRNAs from genes within cells. There are databases of human proteins that are known to be expressed as mRNA in human cells and tissues. Proteins identified from human blood by the correlation of mass spectra that fail to match human mRNA expression products may not be correct. We compared the proteins identified in human blood by...

Stage-associated differences in the serum N- and O-glycan profiles of patients with non-small cell lung cancer

BackgroundLung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in China and around the world. Early detection is key to improving the survival rate of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Alteration in glycosylation has been observed in cancers, and glycans can be a source for the development of new biomarkers for NSCLC.MethodsIn this glycan biomarker discovery study, we measured...

Quantitative proteomic analyses of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells reveal differentially expressed proteins in multiple sclerosis patients and healthy controls

BackgroundMultiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune, neuroinflammatory disease, with an unclear etiology. However, T cells play a central role in the pathogenesis by crossing the blood–brain-barrier, leading to inflammation of the central nervous system and demyelination of the protective sheath surrounding the nerve fibers. MS has a complex inheritance pattern, and several...

Comprehensive proteome and phosphoproteome profiling shows negligible influence of RNAlater on protein abundance and phosphorylation

Certain tumors such as pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are known to contain a variety of hydrolytic enzymes including RNases and proteases that may lead to degradation of RNA and proteins during sample processing. For such tumor tissues with RNA instability, RNAlater containing a high concentration of quaternary ammonium sulfates that denature RNA-hydrolyzing enzymes is...

Variability of serum novel serum peptide biomarkers correlates with the disease states of multiple myeloma

BackgroundThe bone marrow microenvironment provides an optimal substrate for multiple myeloma (MM) initiation and progression. The soluble component of MM niche is dynamic with the disease states of MM. We formerly employed proteomic profiling to construct a MM model. Four peptides constituting the model were selected by supervised neural network algorithm (SNN).Methods62 Newly...

Deep undepleted human serum proteome profiling toward biomarker discovery for Alzheimer’s disease

Blood-based protein measurement is a routine practice for detecting biomarkers in human disease. Comprehensive profiling of blood/plasma/serum proteome is a challenge due to an extremely large dynamic range, as exemplified by a small subset of highly abundant proteins. Antibody-based depletion of these abundant proteins alleviates the problem but introduces experimental...

Deep undepleted human serum proteome profiling toward biomarker discovery for Alzheimer’s disease

BackgroundBlood-based protein measurement is a routine practice for detecting biomarkers in human disease. Comprehensive profiling of blood/plasma/serum proteome is a challenge due to an extremely large dynamic range, as exemplified by a small subset of highly abundant proteins. Antibody-based depletion of these abundant proteins alleviates the problem but introduces experimental...

Quantitative proteomic analysis of prostate tissue specimens identifies deregulated protein complexes in primary prostate cancer

BackgroundProstate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed non-skin cancer and a leading cause of mortality among males in developed countries. However, our understanding of the global changes of protein complexes within PCa tissue specimens remains very limited, although it has been well recognized that protein complexes carry out essentially all major processes in living...

Development of a glycoproteomic strategy to detect more aggressive prostate cancer using lectin-immunoassays for serum fucosylated PSA

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is commonly used as a serum biomarker for the detection of prostate cancer. However, levels of PSA in serum do not reliably distinguish aggressive prostate cancer from non-aggressive disease. Therefore, there is an urgent need for biomarkers that can differentiate aggressive prostate cancers from non-aggressive phenotypes. Fucosylation is one of...

Discovery of non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of endometriosis

BackgroundEndometriosis is a common gynaecological disorder affecting 5–10% of women of reproductive age who often experience chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Definitive diagnosis is through laparoscopy, exposing patients to potentially serious complications, and is often delayed. Non-invasive biomarkers are urgently required to accelerate diagnosis and for triaging potential...

Development of a glycoproteomic strategy to detect more aggressive prostate cancer using lectin-immunoassays for serum fucosylated PSA

BackgroundProstate-specific antigen (PSA) is commonly used as a serum biomarker for the detection of prostate cancer. However, levels of PSA in serum do not reliably distinguish aggressive prostate cancer from non-aggressive disease. Therefore, there is an urgent need for biomarkers that can differentiate aggressive prostate cancers from non-aggressive phenotypes. Fucosylation is...

Identification of prothymosin alpha (PTMA) as a biomarker for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by label-free quantitative proteomics and Quantitative Dot Blot (QDB)

BackgroundEsophageal cancer (EC) is one of the malignant tumors with a poor prognosis. The early stage of EC is asymptomatic, so identification of cancer biomarkers is important for early detection and clinical practice.MethodsIn this study, we compared the protein expression profiles in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues and adjacent normal esophageal tissues from...

Age-associated changes in human tear proteome

BackgroundPrevalence of many eye and ocular surface diseases increases with age. While the clinical characteristics and pathophysiologic mechanisms of these conditions are often either known or extensively studied, the effects of normal aging on tear film and ocular surface have not been as widely researched.MethodsIn order to examine the effects of aging on tear fluid proteomics...

A multiplex immunoassay of serum biomarkers for the detection of uveal melanoma

BackgroundApproximately 50% of uveal melanoma (UM) patients develop metastases preferentially in the liver leading to death within 15 months. Currently, there is no effective treatment for metastatic UM, in part because the tumor burden is typically high when liver metastases are detected through abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) or imaging studies. The use of LFTs results...