International Journal of Differential Equations

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijde/

List of Papers (Total 577)

On the Global Dynamics of a Vector-Borne Disease Model with Age of Vaccination

We study a vector-borne disease with age of vaccination. A nonlinear incidence rate including mass action and saturating incidence as special cases is considered. The global dynamics of the equilibria are investigated and we show that if the basic reproduction number is less than 1, then the disease-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable; that is, the disease dies out...

On the Global Dynamics of a Vector-Borne Disease Model with Age of Vaccination

We study a vector-borne disease with age of vaccination. A nonlinear incidence rate including mass action and saturating incidence as special cases is considered. The global dynamics of the equilibria are investigated and we show that if the basic reproduction number is less than 1, then the disease-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable; that is, the disease dies out...

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of an HIV Infection Model with Delay in Immune Response Activation

We propose and analyse an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection model with spatial diffusion and delay in the immune response activation. In the proposed model, the immune response is presented by the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) cells. We first prove that the model is well-posed by showing the global existence, positivity, and boundedness of solutions. The model has...

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of an HIV Infection Model with Delay in Immune Response Activation

We propose and analyse an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection model with spatial diffusion and delay in the immune response activation. In the proposed model, the immune response is presented by the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) cells. We first prove that the model is well-posed by showing the global existence, positivity, and boundedness of solutions. The model has...

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of an HIV Infection Model with Delay in Immune Response Activation

We propose and analyse an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection model with spatial diffusion and delay in the immune response activation. In the proposed model, the immune response is presented by the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) cells. We first prove that the model is well-posed by showing the global existence, positivity, and boundedness of solutions. The model has...

Well-Posedness and Numerical Study for Solutions of a Parabolic Equation with Variable-Exponent Nonlinearities

We consider the following nonlinear parabolic equation: , where and the exponent of nonlinearity are given functions. By using a nonlinear operator theory, we prove the existence and uniqueness of weak solutions under suitable assumptions. We also give a two-dimensional numerical example to illustrate the decay of solutions.

Uniqueness Results for Higher Order Elliptic Equations in Weighted Sobolev Spaces

We prove some uniqueness results for the solution of two kinds of Dirichlet boundary value problems for second- and fourth-order linear elliptic differential equations with discontinuous coefficients in polyhedral angles, in weighted Sobolev spaces.

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of an HIV Infection Model with Delay in Immune Response Activation

We propose and analyse an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection model with spatial diffusion and delay in the immune response activation. In the proposed model, the immune response is presented by the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) cells. We first prove that the model is well-posed by showing the global existence, positivity, and boundedness of solutions. The model has...

Convergent Power Series of and Solutions to Nonlinear Differential Equations

It is known that power series expansion of certain functions such as diverges beyond a finite radius of convergence. We present here an iterative power series expansion (IPS) to obtain a power series representation of that is convergent for all . The convergent series is a sum of the Taylor series of and a complementary series that cancels the divergence of the Taylor series for...

Mathematical Modeling of the Adaptive Immune Responses in the Early Stage of the HBV Infection

The aim of this paper is to study the early stage of HBV infection and impact delay in the infection process on the adaptive immune response, which includes cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and antibodies. In this stage, the growth of the healthy hepatocyte cells is logistic while the growth of the infected ones is linear. To investigate the role of the treatment at this stage, we also...

Existence of Global Solutions for Nonlinear Magnetohydrodynamics with Finite Larmor Radius Corrections

We discuss the existence of global solutions to the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equations, where the effects of finite Larmor radius corrections are taken into account. Unlike the usual MHD, the pressure is a tensor and it depends on not only the density but also the magnetic field. We show the existence of global solutions by the energy methods. Our techniques of proof are based...

Linearization of Fifth-Order Ordinary Differential Equations by Generalized Sundman Transformations

In this article, the linearization problem of fifth-order ordinary differential equation is presented by using the generalized Sundman transformation. The necessary and sufficient conditions which allow the nonlinear fifth-order ordinary differential equation to be transformed to the simplest linear equation are found. There is only one case in the part of sufficient conditions...

Linearization of Fifth-Order Ordinary Differential Equations by Generalized Sundman Transformations

In this article, the linearization problem of fifth-order ordinary differential equation is presented by using the generalized Sundman transformation. The necessary and sufficient conditions which allow the nonlinear fifth-order ordinary differential equation to be transformed to the simplest linear equation are found. There is only one case in the part of sufficient conditions...

The Impact of Price on the Profits of Fishermen Exploiting Tritrophic Prey-Predator Fish Populations

We define and study a tritrophic bioeconomic model of Lotka-Volterra with a prey, middle predator, and top predator populations. These fish populations are exploited by two fishermen. We study the existence and the stability of the equilibrium points by using eigenvalues analysis and Routh-Hurwitz criterion. We determine the equilibrium point that maximizes the profit of each...

The Impact of Price on the Profits of Fishermen Exploiting Tritrophic Prey-Predator Fish Populations

We define and study a tritrophic bioeconomic model of Lotka-Volterra with a prey, middle predator, and top predator populations. These fish populations are exploited by two fishermen. We study the existence and the stability of the equilibrium points by using eigenvalues analysis and Routh-Hurwitz criterion. We determine the equilibrium point that maximizes the profit of each...

Optimization of the Two Fishermen’s Profits Exploiting Three Competing Species Where Prices Depend on Harvest

Bioeconomic modeling of the exploitation of biological resources such as fisheries has gained importance in recent years. In this work we propose to define and study a bioeconomic equilibrium model for two fishermen who catch three species taking into consideration the fact that the prices of fish populations vary according to the quantity harvested; these species compete with...

Optimization of the Two Fishermen’s Profits Exploiting Three Competing Species Where Prices Depend on Harvest

Bioeconomic modeling of the exploitation of biological resources such as fisheries has gained importance in recent years. In this work we propose to define and study a bioeconomic equilibrium model for two fishermen who catch three species taking into consideration the fact that the prices of fish populations vary according to the quantity harvested; these species compete with...

Finite Time Synchronization of Extended Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Using Local Coupling

We consider two reaction-diffusion equations connected by one-directional coupling function and study the synchronization problem in the case where the coupling function affects the driven system in some specific regions. We derive conditions that ensure that the evolution of the driven system closely tracks the evolution of the driver system at least for a finite time. The...

Modeling and Analysis of Integrated Pest Control Strategies via Impulsive Differential Equations

The paper is concerned with the development and numerical analysis of mathematical models used to describe complex biological systems in the framework of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Established in the late 1950s, IPM is a pest management paradigm that involves the combination of different pest control methods in ways that complement one another, so as to reduce excessive...

Global Dynamics of a Periodic SEIRS Model with General Incidence Rate

We consider a family of periodic SEIRS epidemic models with a fairly general incidence rate of the form , and it is shown that the basic reproduction number determines the global dynamics of the models and it is a threshold parameter for persistence of disease. Numerical simulations are performed using a nonlinear incidence rate to estimate the basic reproduction number and...

The Morbidity of Multivariable Grey Model MGM

This paper proposes the morbidity of the multivariable grey prediction MGM model. Based on the morbidity of the differential equations, properties of matrix, and Gerschgorin Panel Theorem, we analyze the factors that affect the morbidity of the multivariable grey model and give a criterion to justify the morbidity of MGM. Finally, an example is presented to illustrate the...

The Morbidity of Multivariable Grey Model MGM

This paper proposes the morbidity of the multivariable grey prediction MGM model. Based on the morbidity of the differential equations, properties of matrix, and Gerschgorin Panel Theorem, we analyze the factors that affect the morbidity of the multivariable grey model and give a criterion to justify the morbidity of MGM. Finally, an example is presented to illustrate the...

Solving Nonlinear Fourth-Order Boundary Value Problems Using a Numerical Approach: th-Step Block Method

Nonlinear boundary value problems (BVPs) are more tedious to solve than their linear counterparts. This is observed in the extra computation required when determining the missing conditions in transforming BVPs to initial value problems. Although a number of numerical approaches are already existent in literature to solve nonlinear BVPs, this article presents a new block method...

Analysis of a Predator-Prey Model with Switching and Stage-Structure for Predator

This paper studies the behavior of a predator-prey model with switching and stage-structure for predator. Bounded positive solution, equilibria, and stabilities are determined for the system of delay differential equation. By choosing the delay as a bifurcation parameter, it is shown that the positive equilibrium can be destabilized through a Hopf bifurcation. Some numerical...

Analysis of a Predator-Prey Model with Switching and Stage-Structure for Predator

This paper studies the behavior of a predator-prey model with switching and stage-structure for predator. Bounded positive solution, equilibria, and stabilities are determined for the system of delay differential equation. By choosing the delay as a bifurcation parameter, it is shown that the positive equilibrium can be destabilized through a Hopf bifurcation. Some numerical...