Netherlands Heart Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/12471

List of Papers (Total 932)

Quadricuspid pulmonary valve and left pulmonary artery aneurysm in an asymptomatic patient assessed by cardiovascular MRI

We present a coincidental finding of quadricuspid pulmonary valve and left pulmonary artery aneurysm. As both the pulmonary valve and the pulmonary trunk with its main branches are hard to visualise with cardiac ultrasound, most abnormalities described so far are from autopsy series. With the increasing use of CMR and its excellent potential for visualising both pulmonary valve...

Right-sided invasive metastatic thymoma of the heart

Cardiac tumours may display diverse symptoms through potential involvement of any structure of the heart. We describe a case of a highly malignant thymoma with involvement of different cardiac structures with important haemodynamic compromise. With the high sensitivity of transthoracic echocardiography for detection of intracardiac masses, computed tomography and magnetic...

Improving guideline adherence for cardiac rehabilitation in the Netherlands

BackgroundIn 2004, the Netherlands Society of Cardiology released the current guideline on cardiac rehabilitation. Given its complexity and the involvement of various healthcare disciplines, it was supplemented with a clinical algorithm, serving to facilitate its implementation in daily practice. Although the algorithm was shown to be effective for improving guideline adherence...

Founder mutations in the Netherlands: geographical distribution of the most prevalent mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein B genes

Background In the Netherlands, a screening programme was set up in 1994 in order to identify all patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH). After 15 years of screening, we evaluated the geographical distribution, possible founder effects and clinical phenotype of the 12 most prevalent FH gene mutations. Methods Patients who carried one of the 12 most prevalent mutations...

Therapeutic application of ultrasound: contrast-enhanced thrombolysis in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction; the Sonolysis study

Contrast enhancement by microbubble infusion has proven its applicability in the field of diagnostic ultrasound. Recent studies also indicate a therapeutic effect of the combined use of ultrasound and microbubbles. Results from animal studies demonstrate that diagnostic ultrasound in combination with intravenous microbubbles can dissolve thrombi. So far, this effect has never...

Exercise related ventricular arrhythmias are related to cardiac fibrosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutation carriers

Aims Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a frequent cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to exercise-related ventricular arrhythmias (ERVA); however the pathological substrate is uncertain. The aim was to determine the prevalence of ERVA and their relation with fibrosis as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in carriers of an HCM causing mutation. Methods...

Electrical cardioversion during pregnancy: safe or not?

Two pregnant patients with a sustained symptomatic maternal supraventricular arrhythmia are presented. Both patients were treated with direct-current cardioversion. Electrical cardioversion during pregnancy is a rarely applied but highly effective procedure in the treatment of maternal cardiac arrhythmias and is assumed safe for both mother and child. However, once foetal...

Encouraging survival rates in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with an intra-aortic balloon pump

Objective To evaluate a 30-day and long-term outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation and to identify predictors of a 30-day and long-term all-cause mortality. Methods Retrospective cohort study of 437 consecutive AMI patients treated with IABP between January 1990 and June 2004. A Cox proportional...

Therapy refractory hypertension in adults: aortic coarctation has to be ruled out

In patients with unexplained hypertension, especially in combination with a cardiac murmur, the presence of an aortic coarctation should always be ruled out given the high morbidity and mortality. However, particularly patients with an isolated coarctation often remain asymptomatic for years and the defect may be unnoticed even until the fifth or sixth decade of life. In the...

Peripartum cardiomyopathy: the need for a national database

Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare and life-threatening disease that affects young women in the last month of pregnancy or within 5 months of delivery. It is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy with left-sided systolic dysfunction. The incidence rate in the Western world is estimated to be 1:3000. Symptoms of PPCM vary greatly and may be obscured by common physiological...

Archetype, adaptation and the mammalian heart

Forty years ago, we started our quest for ‘The Holy Grail’ of understanding ventricular rate control and rhythm in atrial fibrillation (AF). We therefore studied the morphology and function of a wide range of mammalian hearts. From mouse to whale, we found that all hearts show similar structural and functional characteristics. This suggests that the mammalian heart remained well...

Bicuspid stenotic aortic valves: clinical characteristics and morphological assessment using MRI and echocardiography

BackgroundBicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is one of the most common congenital heart defects with a population prevalence of 0.5% to 1.3%. Identifying patients with BAV is clinically relevant because BAV is associated with aortic stenosis, endocarditis and ascending aorta pathology.Methods and ResultsPatients with severe aortic stenosis necessitating aortic valve replacement surgery...

The role of insulin therapy and glucose normalisation in patients with acute coronary syndrome

Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and diabetes mellitus, as well as patients admitted with elevated blood glucose without known diabetes, have impaired outcome. Therefore intensive glucose-lowering therapy with insulin (IGL) has been proposed in diabetic or hyperglycaemic patients and has been shown to improve survival and reduce incidence of adverse events. The...

Long-term Clinical Outcome and MIBI SPECT Parameters in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Background and Aim Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred treatment option for acute myocardial infarction (MI). Off-site PCI reduces time-to-treatment, which could potentially lead to enhanced clinical outcomes. Therefore, we investigated whether off-site PCI improves 5-year clinical outcomes compared with on-site PCI and whether this is related to in...

The sense and nonsense of direct-to-consumer genetic testing for cardiovascular disease

Expectations are high that increasing knowledge of the genetic basis of cardiovascular disease will eventually lead to personalised medicine—to preventive and therapeutic interventions that are targeted to at-risk individuals on the basis of their genetic profiles. Most cardiovascular diseases are caused by a complex interplay of many genetic variants interacting with many non...

Genetic predisposition for sudden cardiac death in myocardial ischaemia: the Arrhythmia Genetics in the NEtherlandS study

Sudden cardiac death from ventricular fibrillation during myocardial infarction is a leading cause of total and cardiovascular mortality. This multifactorial, complex condition clusters in families, suggesting a substantial genetic cause. We carried out a genomewide association study (GWAS) for sudden cardiac death, in the AGNES (Arrhythmia Genetics in the Netherlands) population...