European Journal of Human Genetics

http://www.nature.com/ejhg

List of Papers (Total 1,918)

Evolutionary conserved networks of human height identify multiple Mendelian causes of short stature

Height is a heritable and highly heterogeneous trait. Short stature affects 3% of the population and in most cases is genetic in origin. After excluding known causes, 67% of affected individuals remain without diagnosis. To identify novel candidate genes for short stature, we performed exome sequencing in 254 unrelated families with short stature of unknown cause and identified...

Genome-wide association meta-analysis of 30,000 samples identifies seven novel loci for quantitative ECG traits

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of quantitative electrocardiographic (ECG) traits in large consortia have identified more than 130 loci associated with QT interval, QRS duration, PR interval, and heart rate (RR interval). In the current study, we meta-analyzed genome-wide association results from 30,000 mostly Dutch samples on four ECG traits: PR interval, QRS duration, QT...

Pilot study of expanded carrier screening for 11 recessive diseases in China: results from 10,476 ethnically diverse couples

Expanded carrier screening (ECS) has been demonstrated to increase the detection rate of carriers compared with traditional tests. The aim of this study was to assess the potential value of ECS for clinical application in Southern China, a region with high prevalence of thalassemia and with diverse ethnic groups, and to provide a reference for future implementations in areas with...

Y chromosome mosaicism is associated with age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in industrialised countries, and thereby a major individual but also a socio-economic burden. Y chromosome loss in nucleated blood cells has been implicated in age-related diseases such as Alzheimer disease and was shown to be caused by increasing age, smoking and genetic factors. Mosaic loss of Y chromosome...

The radial expansion of the Diego blood group system polymorphisms in Asia: mark of co-migration with the Mongol conquests

Red cell polymorphisms can provide evidence of human migration and adaptation patterns. In Eurasia, the distribution of Diego blood group system polymorphisms remains unaddressed. To shed light on the dispersal of the Dia antigen, we performed analyses of correlations between the frequencies of DI*01 allele, C2-M217 and C2-M401 Y-chromosome haplotypes ascribed as being of...

CUGC for pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 9 and spastic paraplegia-63

1. Name of Disease (Synonyms)Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 9 (PCH9) and spastic paraplegia-63 (SPG63).2. OMIM# of the Disease615809 and 615686. 3. Name of the Analysed Genes or DNA/Chromosome SegmentsAMPD2 at 1p13.3.4. OMIM# of the Gene(s)102771.

Functional characterization of common BCL11B gene desert variants suggests a lymphocyte-mediated association of BCL11B with aortic stiffness

The recent genome-wide analysis of carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) identified a significant locus within the 14q32.2 gene desert. Gene regulatory elements for the transcriptional regulator B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11B (BCL11B) are within this locus and an attractive target for the gene association. We investigated the functional impact of these gene desert SNPs on BCL11B...

Registered access: authorizing data access

The Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) proposes a data access policy model—“registered access”—to increase and improve access to data requiring an agreement to basic terms and conditions, such as the use of DNA sequence and health data in research. A registered access policy would enable a range of categories of users to gain access, starting with researchers and...

Human urine-derived renal epithelial cells provide insights into kidney-specific alternate splicing variants

The majority of multi-exon genes undergo alternative splicing to produce different mRNA transcripts and this may occur in a tissue-specific manner. Assessment of mRNA transcripts isolated from blood samples may sometimes be unhelpful in determining the affect on function of putative splice-site variants affecting kidney-specific mRNA transcripts. Here we present data...

Comparison of methods for transcriptome imputation through application to two common complex diseases

Transcriptome imputation has become a popular method for integrating genotype data with publicly available expression data to investigate the potentially causal role of genes in complex traits. Here, we compare three approaches (PrediXcan, MetaXcan and FUSION) via application to genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for Crohn’s disease and type 1 diabetes from the Wellcome...

How are genetic test results being used by Australian life insurers?

In Australia, the USA and many Asian countries the life insurance industry is self-regulated. Individuals must disclose genetic test results known to them in applications for new or updated policies including cover for critical care, income protection and death. There is limited information regarding how underwriting decisions are made for policies with such disclosures. The...

Frequency of genetic variants associated with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in the genome aggregation database

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a rare inherited heart-muscle disorder, which is the most common cause of life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young adults and athletes. Early and accurate diagnosis can be crucial in effective ARVC management and prevention of SCD.The genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD) population of 138,632...

Australians’ views on personal genomic testing: focus group findings from the Genioz study

Personal genomic testing provides healthy individuals with access to information about their genetic makeup for purposes including ancestry, paternity, sporting ability and health. Such tests are available commercially and globally, with accessibility expected to continue to grow, including in Australia; yet little is known of the views/expectations of Australians. Focus groups...

Whole-genome sequencing reveals new insights into age-related hearing loss: cumulative effects, pleiotropy and the role of selection

Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is the most common sensory disorder in the elderly. Although not directly life threatening, it contributes to loss of autonomy and is associated with anxiety, depression and cognitive decline. To search for genetic risk factors underlying ARHL, a large whole-genome sequencing (WGS) approach has been carried out in a cohort of 212 cases and controls...

Using a genetic test result in the care of family members: how does the duty of confidentiality apply?

The use of genetic and genomic testing is becoming more widespread in healthcare and more inherited explanations for family history of diseases or conditions are being uncovered. Currently, relevant genetic information is not always used in the care of family members who might benefit from it, because of health professionals’ fears of inappropriately breaching another family...

RD-Connect, NeurOmics and EURenOmics: collaborative European initiative for rare diseases

Although individually uncommon, rare diseases (RDs) collectively affect 6–8% of the population. The unmet need of the rare disease community was recognized by the European Commission which in 2012 funded three flagship projects, RD-Connect, NeurOmics, and EURenOmics, to help move the field forward with the ambition of advancing -omics research and data sharing at their core in...

New insights from Thailand into the maternal genetic history of Mainland Southeast Asia

Tai-Kadai (TK) is one of the major language families in Mainland Southeast Asia (MSEA), with a concentration in the area of Thailand and Laos. Our previous study of 1234 mtDNA genome sequences supported a demic diffusion scenario in the spread of TK languages from southern China to Laos as well as northern and northeastern Thailand. Here we add an additional 560 mtDNA genomes...