European Scientific Journal

http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj

List of Papers (Total 15,144)

Emission of Greenhouse Gases by Hydropower Reservoirs in Afghanistan

Studies show that hydropower reservoirs produce 35-70 times more greenhouse gas (GHG) when compared to thermal power plants. The emissions not only depend on the type of eco-region in which the reservoir is located but also on the reservoir characteristics and water quality parameters. This paper explains the emission of greenhouse gases of hydropower reservoirs in Afghanistan...

Influence Du Profil De L’administrateur Sur L’utilisation De L’information Comptable : Une Étude Empirique Dans Le Contexte Sénégalais

Cette étude analyse, dans le contexte des entreprises sénégalaises, la relation entre le profil de l'administrateur et l’utilisation de l'information comptable. L’approche méthodologique adoptée est de type hypothéticodéductif. Le questionnaire est l'instrument utilisé pour l’enquête empirique. Les données recueillies sur un échantillon de 100 administrateurs puis exploitées à l...

The Attractive Territory: Contribution of the Territorial Positioning and the Innovative Theoretical and Historical Models

This paper focuses on all the classic strategies of positioning throughout history that certainly generates the concept of innovation to positioning policies. To this end, innovation takes its organizational concept to be adapted to the marketing issue especially to the territorial thing. This is for the purpose of constituting an attraction for the targets including economic...

Etude De La Strategie D’adaptation Face A La Complexite Et La Turbulence De L’environnement. Cas Des PME Malgaches

Du fait de leur faible taille, les PME manquent de ressources et sont susceptibles de subir les effets des caractéristiques de son environnement. Ainsi, cette situation incite à affirmer que la stratégie adoptée par les PME résulte surtout des contextes que son environnement lui offre. Ces développements théoriques conduisent à analyser l’idée d’une relation entre la complexit...

The Relationship Between Positive Academic and Behavior Support Services: School Failure Prevention Plan

Urban middle school students experience poor self-efficacy and poor attitudes toward school climates after being retained. Previous research has indicated that grade-level retention in primary and secondary education might cause long-term achievement gaps, school failure, and high school dropout rates. However, current research has yet to examine relationships between archival...

Corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa - An Impediment to Economic Growth

Sub-Saharan Africa is faced with many challenges. It is a region bulging with resources but cursed with incredible political and economic greed. With a vast ethnic diversity and an often misconstrued cultural lifestyle, which puts the region on the marginalization line. From a historical context, the impact of colonialism has haplessly set the environment for low leadership...

Implications of Globalized Human Resource Management Practices in Organizations in Pakistan - An Academic Perspective

Since the 1940’s, businesses have moved beyond local markets and gradually developed into one sophisticated multiethnic and multiracial economies; a trend we today conceptualize as globalization. Through liberated flow of technology and human resources across local boundaries, international organizations are enabled to explore infinite opportunities within limited resources...

Impact of Organizational Citizenship Behavior on Organizational Commitment on Jordanian Frontline Employees of Arabic Bank

This study aims to investigate the impact of Organizational Citizenship Behavior on Organizational Commitment on employees of Arabic Bank The study population included of all Managers, assistant Managers and head of department in Arabic Bank branches at Amman Capital totaling (52) branches. The study sampling unit consists of individuals working at three managerial level...

The Impact of Exchange Rate on Inflation: A Case Study of The Gambia(1978-2016)

This paper focuses on developing stylized facts about the inflationary process in The Gambia, focusing particularly on the relationship between the exchange rate regime and the sources of inflation. It also examines several variables which policymakers believed have affected the level of inflation in The Gambia. The type of data used in this paper includes the time series data...

Investigation of the Blockchain’s Influence on Traditional Banking: Challenges and Opportunities

New technologies is constantly becoming more and more important for our dynamically changing society, and it occupy greater importance of nowadays’ financial sector. This paper focuses on the investigation of the Blockchain and its impact on traditional banking in a qualitative way. The theoretical part of the research presents general overview, brief technical operating...

An Evaluation of the National Greening Program Implementation in Simala, Cebu Philippines Utilizing ABCD Model

This descriptive-evaluative study is an evaluation of the effectiveness of the implementation of the National Greening Program in Simala National High School, a secondary public school in Cebu, Philippines utilizing the ABCD model. It identified the congruences and discrepancies of the intents and actualities of the following components: A - the participants, B - programs and...

Imagen Corporal y Felicidad

El artículo muestra la relación que tienen los niveles de felicidad con la discrepancia entre cómo se ven los individuos corporalmente y el ideal que han construido de la imagen del cuerpo deseado. Los datos utilizados en este estudio provienen de una encuesta de corte transversal sobre hábitos de alimentación de individuos mayores de 18 años de la ciudad de Montevideo y área...

Effect of Firm Characteristics on Financial Inclusions: Evidence from Women Owned Enterprises in Kenya

The aim of the paper was to establish firm characteristics on financial inclusions; evidence from women owned enterprises in Kenya. This study employed positivism approach while adopting an explanatory survey research. The target population of study comprised 8000 women owned SMEs in the North Rift Region Economic Bloc Counties. Cluster sampling was employed to group SMEs in...

Terrorism and its Negative Effects on Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Al-Shabaab

In contemporary times, the most pressing issues threatening the tranquility and global stability, particularly in Africa, are the heinous activities of terrorist groups. The word “terrorism” caught the world’s attention through the 9/11 incident, although it has been in existence for centuries. There have been numerous definitions for the act of terrorism, yet there is no...

Higher Education Service Quality Based on Students’ Satisfaction in Pakistan

Universities in the modern world are expected to seek and cultivate new knowledge, provide the right kind of leadership and strive to promote equality and social justice. The quality of education is an important factor considered for attracting and retaining students as it is a substantial investment made by their parents. Hence, delivering quality service has become an important...

Etude des Impacts des Changements Climatiques sur les Activités Agricoles dans la Commune Rurale de Mafouné, Cercle de Tominian, Région de Ségou au Mali

L’agriculture est l’un des secteurs les plus vulnérables aux effets des changements climatiques. La présente étude a pour objectif d’analyser les perceptions et les impacts des changements climatiques sur les activités agricoles, mais aussi, de contribuer à une meilleure connaissance des stratégies d’adaptation dans la Commune Rurale de Mafouné au Mali. La méthodologie utilisée s...

Diseño De Un Modelo De Vivienda Ecológica Con Bambú Para La Zona Rural De Yantzaza Zamora Chinchipe, Ecuador

El estudio se desarrolló en el cantón Yantzaza, perteneciente a la provincia de Zamora Chinchipe. Este trabajo se centra en el diseño de un modelo de casa ecológica con bambú en el área rural de Yantzaza. Los diseños de viviendas hoy en día no están construidos con bambú. Esto se atribuye al desconocimiento de sus ventajas, la desconfianza hacia otras alternativas y la falta de...

L’épineuse Question De La Place Du Droit Communautaire Au Sein De La Hiérarchie Des Normes Internes : Un Droit Hors Hiérarchie ? Réflexion À La Lumière Des Systèmes Constitutionnels Des Etats D’afrique Francophone

La question de la primauté est une question essentielle dans les rapports de système. En ce sens qu’elle est au coeur de l’effectivité des droits d’origine externes en générale et du droit communautaire en particulier. Au point où la doctrine n’a pas hésité à dire que la primauté était une question existentielle du droit communautaire. Autrement dit, l’ordre juridique...

Transport Et Amenagement Urbain A Bamenda (Cameroun) : L’etat, La Municipalite Et Les Transporteurs A L’epreuve De La Gouvernance Urbaine

Les nouvelles exigences de la gestion des affaires publiques impliquent une participation effective et active des acteurs de base concernés par les décisions qui impliquent leur avenir. Dans le contexte africain où l’on s’initie encore à la démocratie, il est fréquent que les relations socio-politiques jouent plus dans les forums de discussion que la valeur intrinsèque des intér...

E-governance Framework to Measure Digital Competence of HEIs in India

Today, Higher Education Institutions are using ICT to provide administration and management services, develop course materials, facilitate communication among students and increase cooperation and research. Information on how most Universities have integrated ICT and to what stage is lacking. Nevertheless, some studies indicate differences in the level of the use of ICT among...

Apport des Paramètres Physico-Chimiques des Eaux à l’amélioration de la Connaissance de l’aquifère du Continental Intercalaire/Continental Hamadien de la Région de Tahoua (Bassin des Iullemeden, Niger)

The study area is located in the Tahoua region, located in the heart of the Iullemeden basin. In this region we find the aquifer system of Continental Intercalaire / Continental Hamadien with free and captive aquifer, of great extension and high water potential. It is currently in great demand for the drinking water supply of the populations, the watering of the animals, the...

Connaissances des Prescripteurs en Radioprotection des Patients en Centrafrique

The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge of X-ray examination prescribers before the advent of CT in Central Africa Republic. It was a descriptive study from October to December 2018 among radiology prescribers of the internal medicine and emergency departments of the Bangui Hospital and University Centers. The material used consisted of individual questionnaire...

Modélisation et Cartographie des Risques d’érosion Hydrique du Sol par l’application des SIG, Télédétection et Directives PAP/CAR. Cas du Bassin Versant de Beht, Maroc

Modeling and mapping potential risk of soil erosion is extremely important to watershed management. The advanced technology of geomatics as Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote sensing (RS) become a valuable source of assistance to estimate soil loss at the large area, in faster manner, and with a consistent level of reliability.The main objective of this work is to...

Détection de la Chenille Légionnaire d’automne, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Coleoptera : Noctuidae) et Premières Observations sur sa Biologie en Côte d’Ivoire

In recent years, Spodoptera frugiperda has appeared in several West African countries, causing considerable damage to maize. In Côte d'Ivoire, the first suspicions of the insect appeared in October 2016, when maize producers reported the invasion of their respective crop sites by a certain caterpillar of which they had no knowledge. Following morphological and biological...

Vibration Signature of Roller Bearing’s Faults

Centrifugal pumps are widely used in many industrial applications. Defective pumps cause higher rate of energy loss with related overall performance degradation. Mechanical components fail due to decrease in pump’s strength or an increase in the force acting on it. Rolling bearings are one of the major components of the centrifugal pumps. Bearings are critical mechanical...