European Scientific Journal

http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj

List of Papers (Total 14,802)

Dynamique De La Mangrove De Thiobon Dans L’estuaire De La Casamance (Sénégal) Entre 1972 Et 2017

In the village soil of Thiobon in lower Casamance (southern Senegal), site being established as Marine Protected Area (MPA), the main activities of the population (rice growing, harvesting of fish products, salt production, …), happens in mangrove zone. These mobilize the population for several months in the year. This mangrove ecosystem, vulnerable and fragile, has undergone...

Caractérisation des insectes et des champignons infestant les fèves de cacao dans les principales zones de production en Côte d’Ivoire

If the culture of the cocoa in Côte d’Ivoire gives a great satisfaction concerning the production level, the quality of raw cocoa beans remains to be improved. One of the causes of this depreciation is the moulds development in beans. In order to identify responsible fungus, cocoa beens have been collected in the maine production areas which are the East, the Mid-West and the...

Seroprevalence and Risk Factors of Toxoplasmosis in Togo

Objectives: Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii. 50 to 70% of African are contaminated and 60% to 80% in Togo. This parasitic infection involves disorders in immunocompromised persons and pregnant women. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis and the risk factors of contamination in the Togolese population. Methods: Prospective...

Determination Contents of Total Phenolic Pigments and Spectrophotometric Characterization of Crude Extracts of Ten Tinctorial Plants of Niger which is Usable in Solar Energy

Dye Sensitized-Solar Cells (DSSCs) have been extensively investigated because of their environmental friendliness and low production cost. At the heart of these is the photosensitive pigment that plays a key role in the collection of sunlight radiations and its conversion into electrical energy. However, the toxicity and the cost of pigment synthesis limit the increased use of...

Importance Des Produits Forestiers Non Ligneux Medicinaux D’origine Vegetale Et Impacts Des Activites Anthropiques Sur Leur Durabilite Dans Le Sud-Ouest De La Republique Centrafricaine

The forest in the south-west of the Central African Republic has enormous potential for non-timber forest products (NTFPs) of plant origin. The objective of this study is to identify the medicinal value of these NTFPs of plant origin with high health potential and the effects of human activities on their sustainability. The study was carried out in 09 villages in the intervention...

Effets Des Technologies Membranaires Sur Les Caracteristiques Physicochimiques Des Extraits De Fruits De La Passion (Passiflora Edulis)

The passion fruit or grenadilla is usually consumed in the form of juice and its pleasant intensive aroma and flavor make it an attractive element for the food industry. The objective of the present work is to determine the effects of membrane technologies such as tangential microfiltration and reverse osmosis on the physicochemical characteristics of passion fruit extracts. The...

Profil épidémiologique des maladies cardiovasculaires dans la Ville de Meknès (Maroc)

Introduction: In Morocco, very little published work has focused on cardiovascular diseases. As a result, the main objective of this research is to evaluate the epidemiological profile of cardiovascular diseases in patients who are hospitalized and treated in the cardiology department of Mohammed V Hospital, Meknes (Morocco). Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive and...

Corporate Governance and Performance: An Empirical Investigation of Sugar Producing Companies in Kenya

Corporate governance is concerned with the running of an organization in a way that guarantees that its owners or stockholders receive a fair return on their investments while the expectations of other stakeholders are also met. The study sought to examine the relationship between corporate governance practices and performance of sugar producing companies in Kenya. The study...

La Situation Des Enfants En Dehors Du Systeme Scolaire En Côte d’Ivoire

One of the goals of Education for All (EFA) was to ensure that by 2015 children, specifically girls, vulnerable children and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to compulsory and free quality primary education and follow it to completion. However, at the end of 2015, Ivory Coast had not been able to achieve the objectives set, particularly the universal schooling of...

Corporate Environmental Management Systems and Outcomes: A Case Study of ISO 14001 Implementation in a Cable Manufacturing Company in Tema, Ghana

The potential for the firm to improve its resource use especially energy management by using Environmental Management Systems (EMS) like ISO 14001 has been shown to be possible. Yet, no in-depth research has been conducted to explore this possibility in Ghana. The implementation of EMS integrates the corporate environmental management strategies and management commitment to...

Etude Empirique De L’effet Du Comportement D’exces De Confiance Sur La Volatilite Du Marche Boursier Marocain

The purpose of this paper is to measure whether the investor operating on the Casablanca Stock Exchange displays a behavior of overconfidence, and to examine, under this hypothesis, the role of overconfidence in the explanation of fluctuations in the value of the MASI benchmark index over a 16-year period from 2002 to 2017. Using the econometric techniques in terms of causality...

Amelioration Du Systeme De Management De Qualite Via Une Contribution A La Mise En Place D’un Systeme De Management De Securite Dans Une Societe Multinationale Au Maroc

Managing staff security has become a global requirement and challenge. Moroccan companies are obliged to guarantee the safety of their personnel through a security management system. The implementation of the SMS (Safety Management System) has now become a regulatory requirement. This article presents a study carried out in a multinational company, a production and packaging unit...

Influence of Principals’ Perception of Computers on Their Use in Administration of Public Secondary Schools in Kiambu County, Kenya

This paper is a report of a study carried out to establish the relationship that existed between principals’ Perception towards computer application and the actual computer use by principals in public secondary schools in Kiambu County. Computer use in schools administration is a contemporary issue in the improvement of quality leadership in schools. The study was triggered by...

Economic Turbulence in the Iron Kitchenware Industry in Italy

Companies in turbulent economies are required to face several difficulties, mainly related to the specific features of an extremely volatile environment. Although a similar, hypercompetitive context can be considered a global condition today, it is not perceived in the same way worldwide. Thus, international development could be the best method for exporting to different...

Evolución De La Desigualdad Y Pobreza En Nicaragua En El Periodo De 1991 A 2014

This paper discusses the situation of the evolution of inequality and poverty from a historical perspective, including the structural reforms in Nicaragua during the decade of 1990. It also examines the decline in poverty in Nicaragua from 1991 through World Bank indicators. Methods of measuring inequality and poverty such as the Gini coefficient, GDP per capita, and the...

Black Sea Container Market and Georgia’s Positioning

Due to the strategically important geographical location, Black Sea region has a key transit function throughout between Europe and Asia. Georgia, which is a part of Black sea area, has a vital transit function for Caucasus Region, as well as for whole New Silk Road area. Nevertheless, still there is no evidence what kind of role and place Georgia has in The Black Sea container...

Les Difficultés D’apprentissage En Éducation Physique Et Sportive: Une Étude De Trois Cas D’enseignement De La Course De Haies Au Bénin

This study explored the functioning of the in-situ didactic system to highlight the difficulties experienced by students in the third year of the secondary school level when performing the activities suggested by their Sport and Physical Education Teachers. Based on the logic of the ternarity of the didactic system (Amade-Escot, 2008; 2003), the interactions between the teachers...

Organizational Performance: The Role of TQM Practices in Banking Sector of Pakistan

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the m relationship between Total Quality Management (TQM) and Organizational Performance (OP). The motivation for this study was driven by the inconsistent findings in the literature concerning the relationships between TQM and OP. Due to the inconsistent results, a new research has emerged and this has prompted further...

Privatisation as a Tenet of Growth Employment and Redistribution Strategy and its Socio-Economic Impact on the Poor in Khayelitsha

This paper seeks to present the macro-economic impact of privatisation in the Western Cape as perceived by its proponents and detractors, nationally and internationally. It investigates the effects and factors which influence privatisation. The study was conducted in the township of Khayelitsha. The sites were randomly selected and included Site C, Site B, ElithaPark, Macassar...

La Satisfaction Dans Les Études : Validation De L’échelle De Vallerand Et Bissonnette (1990) Et Son Impact Sur Le Travail Scolaire Perçu Des Lycéens

This study not only attempts to validate a cross-cultural measure of satisfaction in Canadian-inspired high school studies among Togolese students, but also to ascertain the effects of academic satisfaction on their perception of their school work. To achieve this double objective, 644 high school students have agreed to participate in the survey and to appreciate their school...

Dead or Dormant? Docile or Fractured? The Culture of Military Clampdown on Youth Demonstrations and its Repercussions on the 21ST Century Nigerian Youths

The history of military regimes in Nigeria is synonymous with the history of suppression, repression, extricable use of violence, impunity and blatant trampling on fundamental human rights. Exclusive of J. T. U. Ironsi’s short six months in office, every military dictator in Nigeria had propelled himself to the rein through dubious and anti-people means. It was therefore not...

The Complexity of the Caspian Basin

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of newly independent States marked the uprising of a new era in the region of the Caspian Basin. Failing to reach a consensus regarding the legal nature of the Caspian, Russia, Turkmenistan, Iran, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan’s policies have been characterized by a perpetual pursuit of establishing themselves as key-role agents in...

Changing Patterns in Process Management and Improvement: Using RPA and RDA in Non- Manufacturing Organizations

Being, from the first sight, a complementary part of process management within an organization, process management automation draws a very broad and promising perspective to the whole business field since it is a step closer to the smarter and next level efficiency. Therefore, this particular theoretical scientific research elaborates the topic of the application of Robotic...

Étude comparée des interrogateurs en lama et en français

Interrogation is a Language Universal (LU), i.e., it exists in all natural languages. However, every language has undeniable particularities. Lama3 and French4, two languages from different language families, are a good illustration of these realities. A comparative study of interrogatives of both languages shows many similarities as well as dissimilarities. This article is aimed...

Analyzing the Vehicle Insurance Ecosystem in Estonia using Actor-Network Theory

This paper focuses on analyzing the vehicle insurance ecosystem in Estonia that integrated Actor Network Theory (ANT) as theoretical lens to investigate potential transformations in the said ecosystem and to gauge the influence of insurance-oriented telematics technology. The paper combined an interpretive approach applied to a case study method. The study offers insights which...