Apidologie

https://www.apidologie.org/

List of Papers (Total 1,768)

Potential application of the bumblebee foraging recruitment pheromone for commercial greenhouse pollination

Commercial bumblebee colonies are important crop pollinators. Here we assess whether application of artificial foraging recruitment pheromone can increase foraging activity in Bombus terrestris colonies on a relevant timescale for commercial pollination. We measured bee traffic from the nest to a foraging arena, which is correlated with foraging activity under natural recruitment...

Efficiency of airborne pollen released by honeybee foraging on pollination in oilseed rape: a wind insect-assisted pollination

Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is an entomophilous crop. Its pollen is covered with sticky pollenkitt and not readily released from the anthers. We investigated the role of foraging honeybees in making this pollen airborne. To assess this, six cages were laid over male-fertile (MF) and male-sterile (MS) plants; at flowering, three cages received a honeybee colony while the...

Nosema sp. influences flight behavior of infected honey bee (Apis mellifera) foragers

In this study we investigated whether the microsporidian Nosema sp. affects the flight behavior of forager bees. Bees released 6 and 10 m away from the colony took longer times to return. The proportion of bees that did not return was higher in the diseased bees compared to the healthy bees when released 30 m away from the colony. That diseased bees get lost from the colony was...

A failed invasion? Commercially introduced pollinators in Southern France

The natural diversity of Bombus terrestris subspecies could be under threat from the commercialisation of bumblebees. Therefore, to determine whether commercially imported bumblebees are able to establish and spread, we carried out long-term observations of bumblebees in southern France. Our surveys occurred before, during, and after the importation (between 1989 and 1996) of...

Reduced expression of major royal jelly protein 1 gene in the mushroom bodies of worker honeybees with reduced learning ability

The learning ability of European honeybees, Apis mellifera, develops with age. However, when worker bees are isolated from their colony and are fed only sucrose solution, their learning development is hindered. This rearing method has allowed us to compare worker bees of the same age but with different learning abilities. In this study, we examined the influence of this rearing...

Varroa mites and honey bee health: can Varroa explain part of the colony losses?

Since 2006, disastrous colony losses have been reported in Europe and North America. The causes of the losses were not readily apparent and have been attributed to overwintering mortalities and to a new phenomenon called Colony Collapse Disorder. Most scientists agree that there is no single explanation for the extensive colony losses but that interactions between different...

The German bee monitoring project: a long term study to understand periodically high winter losses of honey bee colonies

The Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, is the most important animal pollinator in agriculture worldwide providing more than 90% of the commercial pollination services. Due to the development in agriculture the demands for honey bee pollination are steadily increasing stressing the pollination capacity of the global managed honey bee population. Hence, the long-term decline of...