Journal of Biomedical Science

https://link.springer.com/journal/11373

List of Papers (Total 89)

Chromatin tethering effects of hNopp140 are involved in the spatial organization of nucleolus and the rRNA gene transcription

The short arms of five human acrocentric chromosomes contain ribosomal gene (rDNA) clusters where numerous mini-nucleoli arise at the exit of mitosis. These small nucleoli tend to coalesce into one or a few large nucleoli during interphase by unknown mechanisms. Here, we demonstrate that the N- and C-terminal domains of a nucleolar protein, hNopp140, bound respectively to...

The PNPase, exosome and RNA helicases as the building components of evolutionarily-conserved RNA degradation machines

The structure and function of polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) and the exosome, as well as their associated RNA-helicases proteins, are described in the light of recent studies. The picture raised is of an evolutionarily conserved RNA-degradation machine which exonucleolytically degrades RNA from 3′ to 5′. In prokaryotes and in eukaryotic organelles, a trimeric complex of...

Kinase activity and subcellular distribution of a chimeric green fluorescent protein-tagged Janus kinase 2

Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) is an essential intracellular signal transducer for numerous cytokines and hormones. To examine how JAK2 structural modifications can affect cellular physiology, we created expression vectors for chimeric proteins containing an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fused to rat JAK2 (EGFP/rJAK2), and a kinase-inactive variant, EGFP/rJAK2(K882E). The...

Hepatitis C virus NS4A inhibits cap-dependent and the viral IRES-mediated translation through interacting with eukaryotic elongation factor 1A

The genomic RNA of hepatitis C virus (HCV) encodes the viral polyprotein precursor that undergoes proteolytic cleavage into structural and nonstructural proteins by cellular and the viral NS3 and NS2-3 proteases. Nonstructural protein 4A (NS4A) is a cofactor of the NS3 serine protease and has been demonstrated to inhibit protein synthesis. In this study, GST pull-down assay was...

Fractionation and identification of 9c, 11t, 13t-conjugated linolenic acid as an activator of PPARα in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)

Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is a common vegetable in Asia that has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of Diabetes. PPARs are ligand-dependent transcription factors that belong to the steroid hormone nuclear receptor family and control lipid and glucose homeostasis in the body. We previously reported that the ethyl acetate (EA) extract of bitter gourd...

Exercise prescription and thrombogenesis

Lifestyle habits, such as exercise, may significantly influence risk of major vascular thrombotic events. The risk of primary cardiac arrest has been shown to transiently increase during vigorous exercise, whereas regular moderate-intensity exercise is associated with an overall reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. What are the mechanisms underlying these paradoxical effects...

Induction of apoptosis and inhibition of cell adhesive and invasive effects by tanshinone IIA in acute promyelocytic leukemia cells in vitro

Tanshinone IIA, a diterpene quinone extracted from the traditional herbal medicine, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, is used widely and successfully in clinics in China for treating inflammatory diseases. Recently tanshinone IIA has been reported to have apoptosis inducing effects on a large variety of cancer cells. In this study, the anti-proliferation and apoptosis inducing effects...

Association of a BTLA gene polymorphism with the risk of rheumatoid arthritis

B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) is an immuno-inhibitory receptor with the ability to deliver inhibitory signal for suppressing lymphocyte activation. To test the potential association of the human BTLA gene with the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a genetic case-control association study was conducted, by using a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), C+800T SNP, in...

Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials: optimal stimulation and clinical application

By easily stimulating the ear with loud sound and recording on tonically contracted neck muscles, vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) test can reflect inner ear function other than the cochlea and semicircular canal. This expands the test battery for clinicians to explore saccular disease, adding a potential usefulness to the sacculo-collic reflex. The ideal stimulation...

Methamphetamine-induced behavioral sensitization in mice: alterations in μ-opioid receptor

We had previously demonstrated that opioid receptors contribute to the induction and expression of behavioral sensitization induced by repeated daily injection with 2.5 mg/kg of methamphetamine for 7 days. Using the same regimen, the present study investigated the alterations in μ-opioid receptor during the induction (on days 2, 5, and 8) and expression (on days 11 and 21...

Beneficial effects of LK-4, an analog of dextromethorphan on lipopolysaccharide-induced sepsis in rats

Dextromethorphan (DM), an anti-tussive agent, has been claimed to have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in vitro. In our preliminary screening test, LK-4, an analog of DM, can afford more protection against circulatory failure induced by LPS than that of DM. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of LK-4 on sepsis induced by intravenous (i.v...

The mortality of MOP3 deficient mice with a systemic functional failure

MOP3 (also known as BMAL1), a master regulator of circadian rhythm, plays important roles in the regulation of cell differentiation and general physical functions. In the present studies, MOP3 deficient mice had significantly reduced body weight and showed remarkable mortality around six months of age. The levels of AST, ALT, BUN, or UREA in the blood of about four month-old MOP3...

Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 related to angiogenesis in uterine cervical cancers

SummaryAngiogenesis is essential for development, growth and advancement of solid tumors. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is recognized as an angiogenic factor in various tumors. This prompted us to study the clinical implications of COX-2 expression related to angiogenesis in uterine cervical cancers. There was a significant correlation between microvessel counts and COX-2 levels in...

Mapping the antigenic determinants and reducing the immunogenicity of trichosanthin by site-directed mutagenesis

SummaryTrichosanthin (TCS) is a type I ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) possessing multiple pharmacological properties. One of its interesting properties is to inhibit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication but its strong immunogenicity has limited the repeated clinical administration. To map the antigenic determinants and reduce the immunogenicity of TCS, two...

Redistribution of GFAP and αB-crystallin after thermal stress in C6 glioma cell line

Some intermediate filament (IF) proteins expressed in the development of glia include nestin, vimentin, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). However, GFAP is the major intermediate filament protein of mature astrocytes. To determine the organization of GFAP in glial cells, rat GFAP cDNA tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was transfected into the rat C6...

Mechanisms underlying overdrive suppression and overdrive excitation in guinea pig sino-atrial node

The hypothesis that the pause that follows overdrive of the sino-atrial node (SAN) might be the net result of overdrive excitation and overdrive suppression was tested by studying rate and force patterns induced by overdrive in isolated guinea pig SAN superfused in vitro. In Tyrode solution, the pause is short and changes but little with longer or faster drives. In high [K+]o...

Tetramethylpyrazine induces heme oxygenase-1 expression and attenuates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats

The accumulation of oxygen free radicals and activation of neutrophils are strongly implicated as pathophysiological mechanisms mediating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been reported to play a protective role in oxidative tissue injuries. In this study, the cardioprotective activity of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), an active ingredient of Chinese...

Direct interaction of C/EBPδ and Sp1 at the GC-enriched promoter region synergizes the IL-10 gene transcription in mouse macrophage

We previously reported that LPS activates the transcription of the IL-10 gene through the Sp1 and C/EBP binding sites and indicated that Sp1, C/EBPβ and C/EBPδ can coactivate the IL-10 gene expression in mouse macrophage cells [Liu Y.-W., Tseng H.-P., Chen L.-C., Chen B.-K., Chang W.-C. J. Immunol. 171: 821–828, 2003]. In the present report, we demonstrated the direct physical...

Enhancement of the release of inflammatory mediators by substance P in rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells

Substance P (SP), a neurotransmitter, may play an important role in neurogenic inflammation. Ginseng has been used extensively in traditional medicine; however, few studies were focused on their anti-allergic effect. Therefore, the effect and mechanism of ginsenoside Rb1 on the SP enhancement of allergic mediators were explored. In this study, SP and dinitrophenyl-bovine serum...

Co-administration of dextromethorphan with methamphetamine attenuates methamphetamine-induced rewarding and behavioral sensitization

Methamphetamine (MA) is well known as a potent CNS stimulant, which produces strong rewarding and behavioral sensitization after repeated administration. In the present study, we investigated whether co-administration of dextromethorphan (DM) with MA could suppress these effects induced by acute and chronic MA treatment. The conditioned place preference (CPP) test was used to...

Potent inhibition of human telomerase by U-73122

Telomerase activity is repressed in normal human somatic cells, but is activated in most cancers, suggesting that telomerase may be an important target for cancer therapy. In this study, we report that U-73122, an amphiphilic alkylating agent that is commonly used as an inhibitor for phospholipase C, is also a potent and selective inhibitor of human telomerase. The inhibition of...

Carbon Monoxide-Induced Early Thrombolysis Contributes to Heme Oxygenase-1-Mediated Inhibition of Neointimal Growth after Vascular Injury in Hypercholesterolemic Mice

Arterial thrombosis is a critical event in the pathogenesis of lesion development. In this study, we evaluated the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a stress-inducible enzyme with vasoprotective functions, on arterial thrombosis following vascular mechanical injury. The carotid arteries of apoE-deficient mice were subjected to angioplasty with a modified beaded-needle. Arterial...