European Journal of Pediatrics

http://link.springer.com/journal/431

List of Papers (Total 544)

Managing cyclic vomiting syndrome in children: beyond the guidelines

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) in children is characterized by frequent hospitalizations, multiple comorbidities, and poor quality of life. In the absence of robust data, the treatment of CVS remains largely empiric starting with the 2008 NASPGHAN Consensus Statement recommendations of cyproheptadine for children < 5 years of age and amitriptyline for those ≥ 5 years with...

A 26-week, randomized trial of insulin detemir versus NPH insulin in children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes (iDEAt2)

There are limited studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of treatments in young people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study compared the efficacy and safety of insulin detemir versus neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin, both in combination with metformin and lifestyle intervention, in children and adolescents with T2D. This randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial...

Clinical practice: recognizing child sexual abuse—what makes it so difficult?

Recognizing child sexual abuse (CSA) in children is difficult, as there can be many hurdles in the assessment of alleged CSA. With this paper, we try to improve the recognition of CSA by discussing: (1) the difficulties regarding this matter and (2) the diagnostic evaluation of alleged CSA, combining both practical clinical recommendations based on recent research. Children are...

Ocular findings in Noonan syndrome: a retrospective cohort study of 105 patients

The aim of this retrospective study is to describe ocular findings in a large Noonan syndrome cohort and to detect associations between ocular features and genetic mutations that were not found in earlier studies. We collected ophthalmological and genetic data of 105 patients (median age, 12 years; range, 0–60 years) clinically diagnosed as Noonan syndrome. The ocular findings...

Predictors of intravenous immunoglobulin-resistant Kawasaki disease in children: a meta-analysis of 4442 cases

The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical features and laboratory factors that are predictive of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-resistant Kawasaki disease. Multiple databases were searched for relevant studies on IVIG-resistant Kawasaki disease published from January 2002 to April 2017. Eligible studies were retrieved by manual review of the references. Stata 12...

Trends in paediatric inpatient antibiotic therapy in a secondary care setting

There is growing attention for antimicrobial stewardship in paediatrics. Currently, little is known about secondary care antibiotic practice. We analysed trends in time with respect to inpatient antibiotic use in a secondary paediatric care setting. Total inpatient antibiotic consumption per year (2010–2015) and antibiotic prescriptions for urinary tract infection (UTI) and lower...

Primum non nocere: earlier cessation of glucose monitoring is possible

Newborns are at relatively high risk for developing hypoglycaemia in the first 24 h after birth. Well-known risk factors are prematurity, small for gestational age (SGA) or large for gestational age (LGA), and maternal pre-existent or gestational diabetes mellitus. Prolonged hypoglycaemia is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes; hence, prevention through proper...

The impact of social inequalities on children’s knowledge and representation of health and cancer

Reducing inequalities in the field of cancer involves studying the knowledge and mental representations of cancer among children. A qualitative study was conducted on 191 children aged 9 to 12 using the “write and draw” technique to get spontaneous mental representations of “healthy things”, “unhealthy things” and “cancer”. We grouped the voluntary schools according to two...

Relationship between brain function (aEEG) and brain structure (MRI) and their predictive value for neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants

To improve the prediction of neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants, this study used the combination of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) within the first 72 h of life and cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term equivalent age. A single-center cohort of 38 infants born before 32 weeks of gestation was subjected to both investigations...

Retention of knowledge and skills in pediatric basic life support amongst pediatricians

Retention of resuscitation skills is usually assessed at a predefined moment, which enables participants to prepare themselves, possibly introducing bias. In this multicenter study, we evaluated the retention of knowledge and skills in pediatric basic life support (PBLS) amongst 58 pediatricians and pediatric residents with an unannounced examination. Practical PBLS skills were...

Serious complications after button battery ingestion in children

Serious and fatal complications after button battery ingestion are increasing worldwide. The aim of this study is to describe serious complications after battery ingestion in children in the Netherlands.All pediatric gastroenterologists in the Netherlands performing upper endoscopies were asked to report all serious complications after battery ingestion in children (0–18 years...

Timing and documentation of key events in neonatal resuscitation

Only a minority of babies require extended resuscitation at birth. Resuscitations concerning babies who die or who survive with adverse outcomes are increasingly subject to medicolegal scrutiny. Our aim was to describe real-life timings of key resuscitation events observed in a historical series of newborns who required full resuscitation at birth. Twenty-seven babies born in our...

Neonatal thrombocytopenia—causes and outcomes following platelet transfusions

We evaluated the causes for neonatal thrombocytopenia (NT), the duration of NT, and the indications of platelet transfusions (PT) by means of a retrospective cohort study over a 23-year period. Neonates with NT were identified via ICD-10 code D69.6. Of 371 neonates (1.8/1000 live births) with NT, the majority (312; 84.1%) had early onset thrombocytopenia, and 282 (76%) were...

Pediatrician-experienced barriers in the medical care for refugee children in the Netherlands

Pediatricians in the Netherlands have been confronted with high numbers of refugee children in their daily practice. Refugee children have been recognized as an at-risk population because they may have an increased burden of physical and mental health conditions, and their caretakers may experience barriers in gaining access to the Dutch health care system. The aim of the study...

Dutch guideline for clinical foetal-neonatal and paediatric post-mortem radiology, including a review of literature

Clinical post-mortem radiology is a relatively new field of expertise and not common practice in most hospitals yet. With the declining numbers of autopsies and increasing demand for quality control of clinical care, post-mortem radiology can offer a solution, or at least be complementary. A working group consisting of radiologists, pathologists and other clinical medical...

Characteristics of children admitted to intensive care with acute bronchiolitis

To assess factors associated with outcome in children admitted to paediatric intensive care (PIC) with bronchiolitis. A retrospective study of children admitted to the PICU at St Mary’s Hospital, London with bronchiolitis over a 6-year period (2011–2016). All bronchiolitis admissions < 2 years were included. Data collected particularly noted risk factors for severity...

Performance and skill retention of five supraglottic airway devices for the pediatric difficult airway in a manikin

Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have been introduced to assist medical professionals in emergency situations with limited experience in securing airways via conventional endotracheal intubation (ETI). Literature on the use of SADs for securing an airway during pediatric critical settings is scarce, and there is a lack of studies comparing different SADs to each other and to...

Mortality in Robin sequence: identification of risk factors

Although Robin sequence (RS) is a well-known phenomenon, it is still associated with considerable morbidity and even mortality. The purposes of this study were to gain greater insight into the mortality rate and identify risk factors associated with mortality in RS. We retrospectively reviewed all RS infants followed at the Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital from 1995 to 2016...

Fitness to fly in the paediatric population, how to assess and advice

The number of children on commercial aircrafts is rising steeply and poses a need for their treating physicians to be aware of the physiologic effects and risks of air travel. The most important risk factors while flying are a decrease in partial oxygen pressure, expansion of trapped air volume, low cabin humidity, immobility, recirculation of air and limited options for medical...

Eliciting the experiences of the adolescent-parent dyad following critical care admission: a pilot study

Critically ill adolescents are usually treated on intensive care units optimised for much older adults or younger children. The way they access and experience health services may be very different to most adolescent service users, and existing quality criteria may not apply to them. The objectives of this pilot study were, firstly, to determine whether adolescents and their...

The validity of parental reports on motor skills performance level in preschool children: a comparison with a standardized motor test

Motor skills are interrelated with essential domains of childhood such as cognitive and social development. Thus, the evaluation of motor skills and the identification of atypical or delayed motor development is crucial in pediatric practice (e.g., during well-child visits). Parental reports on motor skills may serve as possible indicators to decide whether further assessment of...

Pulse oximetry findings in newborns with antenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease

A retrospective review of admission preductal oxygen saturations of neonates with antenatally diagnosed critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) was performed to investigate the differences in newborn pulse oximetry (Pulsox) by specific CCHD diagnosis. Saturations were recorded at median of < 1 h (range < 1–9 h) after delivery. Data was stratified by CCHD diagnosis and analysed...

Characteristics of revisits of children at risk for serious infections in pediatric emergency care

In this study, we aimed to identify characteristics of (unscheduled) revisits and its optimal time frame after Emergency Department (ED) discharge. Children with fever, dyspnea, or vomiting/diarrhea (1 month–16 years) who attended the ED of Erasmus MC-Sophia, Rotterdam (2010–2013), the Netherlands, were prospectively included. Three days after ED discharge, we applied...