European Journal of Pediatrics

http://link.springer.com/journal/431

List of Papers (Total 544)

Reconstructing normality following the diagnosis of a childhood chronic disease: does “rare” make a difference?

Living with a childhood chronic disease can be challenging, especially if the diagnosis involves a rare condition. This study sought to elucidate how the diagnosis of a rare disease, as compared to a common, chronic condition, may influence maternal experiences of childhood illness. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 26 mothers of children treated in a...

Galectin-3 levels relate in children to total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat distribution, and cardiac size

Galectin-3 has recently been proposed as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular disease in adults. The purpose of this investigation was to assess relationships between galectin-3 levels and total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood pressure, left ventricular mass, left atrial size, and increase in body fat over a 2-year period in a population...

Bacteria from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from children with suspected chronic lower respiratory tract infection: results from a multi-center, cross-sectional study in Spain

This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence of bacteria isolated from Spanish children with suspected chronic lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) for whom bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was indicated. BAL fluid (BALF) was collected from 191 children (aged ≥ 6 months to < 6 years, with persistent or recurrent respiratory symptoms, non-responders to usual treatment) and...

Health status of Polish children and adolescents after cancer treatment

In the last 40 years, considerable progress was made in the treatment of childhood cancer. Nearly 80% of children achieve long-term clinical remission or are permanently cured. This improvement is however not without sacrifice. This is the first Polish study analyzing the general health status and epidemiology of organ late effects in the cohort of Polish childhood and adolescent...

Associations between metabolic syndrome components and markers of inflammation in Welsh school children

We investigated the multivariate dimensionality and strength of the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and inflammation in children. Caucasian school children (N = 229; 12–14 years) from Wales were tested on several health indicators including measures of body composition, inflammation, fasting glucose regulation, blood pressure, and lipids. The multivariate...

Impact of war on child health in northern Syria: the experience of Médecins Sans Frontières

Few data are available to evaluate the impact of Syrian war on civilian population; to describe this impact on child health, this article uses data from Médecins Sans Frontières-Operational Centre Amsterdam’s activities in Tal-Abyad and Kobane cities, northern Syria (2013–2016). Data were obtained from routine medical datasets and narrative reports, for out-patient clinics...

Changing characteristics of hospital admissions but not the children admitted—a whole population study between 2000 and 2013

There are increasing numbers of emergency medical paediatric admissions. Our hypothesis was that characteristics of children and details of their emergency admissions are also changing over time. Details of emergency admissions in Scotland 2000–2013 were analysed. There were 574,403 emergency admissions, median age 2.3 years. The age distribution, proportion of boys and...

Measured parental height in Turner syndrome—a valuable but underused diagnostic tool

Early diagnosis of Turner syndrome (TS) is necessary to facilitate appropriate management, including growth promotion. Not all girls with TS have overt short stature, and comparison with parental height (Ht) is needed for appropriate evaluation. We examined both the prevalence and diagnostic sensitivity of measured parental Ht in a dedicated TS clinic between 1989 and 2013. Lower...

Congenital portosystemic venous shunt

Congenital portosystemic venous shunts are rare developmental anomalies resulting in diversion of portal flow to the systemic circulation and have been divided into extra- and intrahepatic shunts. They occur during liver and systemic venous vascular embryogenesis and are associated with other congenital abnormalities. They carry a higher risk of benign and malignant liver tumors...

European Antibiotic Awareness Day 2017: training the next generation of health care professionals in antibiotic stewardship

Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) aims to optimise treatment, minimise the risk of adverse effects and reduce health care costs. In addition, it is recognised as a key component to stop the current spread of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. Educational programmes are particularly important for the successful implementation of AMS. Training should start during medical school...

Cost-effectiveness of rule-based immunoprophylaxis against respiratory syncytial virus infections in preterm infants

The objective of the paper is to assess the cost-effectiveness of targeted respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis based on a validated prediction rule with 1-year time horizon in moderately preterm infants compared to no prophylaxis. Data on health care consumption were derived from a randomised clinical trial on wheeze reduction following RSV prophylaxis and a large birth...

Clinical features and treatment of pediatric patients with drug-induced anaphylaxis: a study based on pharmacovigilance data

We assessed the clinical features and treatment of pediatric patients with drug-induced anaphylaxis in clinical settings. Pediatric drug-induced anaphylaxis cases collected by the Beijing Pharmacovigilance Database from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed. A total of 91 cases were identified. Drug-induced anaphylaxis was primarily caused by antibiotics (53%). Children of 0–5 years were...

Correction to: Genetic predisposition in children with cancer – affected families' acceptance of Trio-WES

The original version of this article, unfortunately, contained an error. The reference citations in the original paper are incorrectly cited to its corresponding bibliographic information. The original article was corrected.

Diet in pregnancy—more than food

High food quality, together with adequate macro- and micronutrient intake in pregnancy, is crucial for the health status of the mother and child. Recent findings suggest that it could also be beneficial or harmful in the context of the well-being of the whole future population. According to the developmental origins of health and disease hypothesis, most conditions that occur in...

Late-onset sepsis due to urinary tract infection in very preterm neonates is not uncommon

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of sepsis in infants. Premature infants hospitalized at a neonatal intensive care unit often have risk factors for infection. In this group, the risk of UTI is not clearly known, and guidelines for urine analysis are not unanimous. We aimed to identify the risk of UTI in premature infants with central lines, suspected of late-onset...

Genetic predisposition in children with cancer – affected families' acceptance of Trio-WES

A considerable percentage of childhood cancers are due to cancer predisposition syndromes (CPS). The ratio of CPSs caused by inherited versus de novo germline mutations and the risk of recurrence in other children are unknown. We initiated a prospective study performing whole-exome sequencing (WES) of parent-child trios in children newly diagnosed with cancer. We initially aimed...

Routine gastric residual volume measurement and energy target achievement in the PICU: a comparison study

Critically ill children frequently fail to achieve adequate energy intake, and some care practices, such as the measurement of gastric residual volume (GRV), may contribute to this problem. We compared outcomes in two similar European Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs): one which routinely measures GRV (PICU-GRV) to one unit that does not (PICU-noGRV). An observational pilot...

Cerebral imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome after entero- and human parechovirus sepsis in young infants

Enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are major causes of sepsis-like illness in infants under 90 days of age and have been identified as neurotropic. Studies about acute and long-term neurodevelopment in infants with sepsis-like illness without the need for intensive care are few. This study investigates cerebral imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome following EV and...

The effect of breathing on ductus arteriosus blood flow directly after birth

Spontaneous breathing at birth influences ductus arteriosus (DA) flow. This study quantifies the effect of breathing on DA shunting directly after birth. In healthy term infants born by elective cesarean section, simultaneous measurements of DA shunting and tidal volumes during spontaneous breathing were performed at 2–5, 5–8, and 10–13 min after birth. Eight infants with a mean...

Fabry disease in children: a federal screening programme in Russia

Our objective was to examine the prevalence of Fabry disease in Russian children with chronic pain in the distal limbs. This non-interventional, multi-centre study included children 2–18 years of age with chronic recurrent unilateral or bilateral pain, burning, or acroparesthesia in the hands or feet. The presence of Fabry disease was defined by abnormal alpha-galactosidase A...

Physical symptoms in very young children assessed for sexual abuse: a mixed method analysis from the ASAC study

So far, a recognizable pattern of clinical symptoms for child sexual abuse (CSA), especially in young male children, is lacking. To improve early recognition of CSA, we reviewed physical complaints, physical examination, and tests on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in confirmed victims (predominantly preschool boys) of CSA from the Amsterdam sexual abuse case (ASAC). We...

Costs of vitamin D testing and prescribing among children in primary care

Vitamin D has attracted considerable interest in recent years, with a marked increase in diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency seen among children in clinical practice in the UK. The economic implications of this change in diagnostic behaviour have not been explored. We performed a cohort study to examine longitudinal trends in healthcare expenditure arising from vitamin D testing...