European Journal of Pediatrics

http://link.springer.com/journal/431

List of Papers (Total 544)

Pneumococcal meningitis and endocarditis in an infant: possible improved survival with factor V Leiden mutation

Streptococcus pneumoniae infections continue to remain associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although the incidence of invasive meningeal and/or lung disease are not uncommon, Streptococcus pneumoniae endocarditis is rare especially in healthy pediatric population. New studies have suggested a strong association between factor V leiden (FVL) mutation and favorable...

Systematic review: probiotics for functional constipation in children

We updated our 2010 systematic review on the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of constipation in children. The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases; clinical trial registries; and reference lists of included studies were searched to February 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) performed in children, with no language restriction. The primary outcome...

An evaluation system for postgraduate pediatric residency programs: report of a 3-year experience

The way a postgraduate medical training program is organized and the capacity of faculty members to function as tutors and to organize effective professional experiences are among the elements that affect the quality of training. An evaluation system designed to target these elements has been implemented within the framework of the Pediatric Residency Program of the University of...

Renal function in neonates with twin-twin transfusion syndrome treated with or without fetoscopic laser surgery

The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term renal function in neonates with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), treated with fetoscopic laser surgery (laser group) or conservatively (non-laser group). Creatinine and urea levels and urine output were recorded in the first week after birth. Primary outcome was short-term renal dysfunction, defined as a creatinine...

Maternal use of prednisolone is unlikely to be associated with neonatal adrenal suppression—a single-center study of 16 cases

The use of supra-physiological, exogenous corticosteroids in pregnancy may lead to neonatal adrenal suppression. We report on a single-center, case series study carried out between 2006 and 2014, which included all newborns (n = 16) of mothers using prednisolone ≥10 mg/day during pregnancy. Newborns were routinely assessed according to hospital protocol, with follow-up until 6...

Professionals’ preferences in prenatal counseling at the limits of viability: a nationwide qualitative Dutch study

Prenatal counseling practices at the limits of viability do vary, and constructing a counseling framework based on guidelines, professional and parental preferences, might achieve more homogeneity. We aimed to gain insight into professionals’ preferences on three domains of counseling, particularly content, organization, and decision making and their influencing factors. A...

Dissecting Kawasaki disease: a state-of-the-art review

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a pediatric vasculitis with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) as its main complication. The diagnosis is based on the presence of persistent fever and clinical features including exanthema, lymphadenopathy, conjunctival injection, and changes to the mucosae and extremities. Although the etiology remains unknown, the current consensus is that it is likely...

Newborn screening for Fabry disease in the north-west of Spain

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by the impairment of α-galactosidase A. Enzyme replacement therapy is available to treat patients, who often experience delayed diagnosis. A newborn screening for Fabry disease was performed to study the prevalence of the pathology and to evaluate the possibility to implement the test in systematic screenings. We...

Arterial versus venous lactate: a measure of sepsis in children

This study assessed the agreement between arterial and venous blood lactate and pH levels in children with sepsis. This retrospective, three-year study involved 60 PICU patients, with data collected from electronic or paper patient records. The inclusion criteria comprised of children (≤17 years old) with sepsis and those who had a venous blood gas taken first with an arterial...

Factors associated with changes in health-related quality of life in children with cystic fibrosis during 1-year follow-up

There are limited data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) changes over time in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We investigated associations between clinical and treatment variables with changes in HRQoL during 1 year. Forty-nine children with CF aged 6–18 years were followed in this multicentre, observational cohort study during 1 year. HRQoL was measured by the...

A meta-analysis of montelukast for recurrent wheeze in preschool children

There is conflicting evidence of the effectiveness of montelukast in preschool wheeze. A recent Cochrane review focused on its use in viral-induced wheeze; however, such subgroups are unlikely to exist in real life and change with time, recently highlighted in an international consensus report. We have therefore sought to investigate the effectiveness of montelukast in all...

Adolescents with congenital heart disease: their opinions about the preparation for transfer to adult care

The aim of the study was to explore what adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) view as important in the preparation for the transfer to adult care. We performed interviews in four focus groups with adolescents (14–18 years old) at four university hospitals in Sweden. Data was analysed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis revealed one main category; Becoming...

Final adult height in long-term growth hormone-treated achondroplasia patients

The objective of this study was to evaluate the gain in final height of achondroplasia (ACH) patients with long-term growth hormone (GH) treatment. We analyzed medical data of 22 adult patients (8 males and 14 females) treated with GH at a dose of 0.05 mg/kg/day. Optionally, tibial lengthening (TL) was performed with the Ilizalov method in 15 patients and TL as well as femoral...

Comparison of four different intraosseous access devices during simulated pediatric resuscitation. A randomized crossover manikin trial

The aim of the study was to compare the success rate, procedure time, and user satisfaction of pediatric NIO™ compared to Pediatric BIG®, EZ-IO®, and Jamshidi intraosseous access devices. This was a randomized, crossover manikin trial with 87 paramedics. The correct location of intraosseous access when using NIO, BIG, EZ-IO, and Jamshidi was varied and was respectively 100, 90...

The relationship between selected socioeconomic factors and thinness among Polish school-aged children and adolescents

The analysis was performed on a database including 17,427 records of subjects aged 7–18 years, randomly sampled from a population of Polish students. Thinness was determined using international cut-off points, defined to pass through body mass index of 18.5 kg/m2 at the age of 18. The weighted prevalence of thinness and odds ratios with 95% confidence interval were estimated for...

A comparison of McGrath MAC® and standard direct laryngoscopy in simulated immobilized cervical spine pediatric intubation: a manikin study

Emergency airway management in children is generally considered to be challenging, and endotracheal intubation requires a high level of personal skills and experience. Immobilization of the cervical spine is indicated in all patients with the risk of any cervical spine injury but significantly aggravates endotracheal intubation. The best airway device in this setting has not been...

Development, prevention, and treatment of feeding tube dependency

Enteral nutrition is effective in ensuring nutritional requirements and growth. However, when tube feeding lasts for a longer period, it can lead to tube dependency in the absence of medical reasons for continuation of tube feeding. Tube-dependent children are unable or refuse to start oral activities and they lack oral skills. Tube dependency has health-, psychosocial-, and...