European Journal of Pediatrics

http://link.springer.com/journal/431

List of Papers (Total 544)

Clinicians’ overestimation of febrile child risk assessment

We aimed to estimate clinicians’ based risk thresholds at which febrile children would be managed as serious bacterial infections (SBI) to determine influencing characteristics and to compare thresholds with prediction model (Feverkidstool) risk estimates. Twenty-one video vignettes of febrile children visiting the emergency department (ED) were assessed by 42 (40.4...

Patients with anorectal malformation and upper limb anomalies: genetic evaluation is warranted

The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of genetic disorders in anorectal malformation (ARM) patients with upper limb anomalies to that in ARM patients with other associated anomalies. A retrospective case study was performed in two pediatric surgery centers. All patients born between 1990 and 2012 were included. VACTERL (vertebral defects (V), anal atresia (A...

Data research on child abuse and neglect without informed consent? Balancing interests under Dutch law

According to the Declaration of Helsinki, participation of human subjects in medical research is only acceptable if subjects have given their consent. But in child abuse and neglect, many studies use a design in which subjects do not actively participate. Data in these studies are gathered from sources such as medical records or Child Protective Services. As long as such data are...

The perfusion index of healthy term infants during transition at birth

Perfusion index is a continuous parameter provided by pulse oximetry and might be useful for evaluating hemodynamic changes at birth and identifying transitional problems. The objective was to describe perfusion index values in term infants immediately after birth. Perfusion index of 71 healthy term born infants were recorded during the first 10 min after birth, using a pulse...

Compliance in oxygen saturation targeting in preterm infants: a systematic review

During oxygen therapy in preterm infants, targeting oxygen saturation is important for avoiding hypoxaemia and hyperoxaemia, but this can be very difficult and challenging for neonatal nurses. We systematically reviewed the qualitative and quantitative studies investigating the compliance in targeting oxygen saturation in preterm infants and factors that influence this compliance...

The relationship between parenting stress and parent–child interaction with health outcomes in the youngest patients with type 1 diabetes (0–7 years)

To test whether parenting stress and the quality of parent–child interaction were associated with glycemic control and quality of life (QoL) in young children (0–7 years) with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), we videotaped 77 families with a young child with T1DM during mealtime (including glucose monitoring and insulin administration). Parent–child interactions were scored with a...

Diagnostic and management practices for phenylketonuria in 19 countries of the South and Eastern European Region: survey results

To avoid potentially severe outcomes, phenylketonuria (PKU) must be detected as soon as possible after birth and managed with life-long treatment. A questionnaire-based survey was performed to document diagnosis and management practices for PKU in a region of Southern and Eastern Europe. Prevalence and management data were obtained from 37/59 (63 %) centres within 19/22 (86...

The impact of chronic fatigue syndrome on cognitive functioning in adolescents

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by persistent fatigue and severe disability. Most adolescent patients report attention and concentration problems, with subsequent poor performance at school. This study investigated the impact of CFS on intellectual capacity by (1) assessing discrepancies between current intelligence quotient (IQ) and school level and (2) exploring...

Feasibility of monitoring stress using skin conduction measurements during intubation of newborns

The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of monitoring stress responses in newborns during naso-tracheal intubation after two different premedication regimens, using skin conductance measurements (SCM). Twenty-two newborns were randomised and premedicated with morphine + vecuronium or propofol. SCM (peaks/s) were collected prior to, during and after the procedure...

Maternal use of probiotics during pregnancy and effects on their offspring’s health in an unselected population

Probiotics are used by women in the perinatal period and may improve balance of microbiota, with possible health benefits for both mother and baby. Characteristics and (health) behaviour patterns of mothers using probiotics during pregnancy, and health effects on their offspring, were investigated. Differences between mothers using probiotics during pregnancy and those who did...

Late detection of cleft palate

Cleft palate only (CPO) is a common congenital malformation, and most patients are diagnosed within the first weeks after birth. Late diagnosis of the cleft palate (CP) could initially result in feeding and growth impairment, and subsequently speech and hearing problems later in life. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate (1) at which age CPO is diagnosed...

Hepatotoxicity due to chenodeoxycholic acid supplementation in an infant with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: implications for treatment

We present a two-week old girl who was diagnosed with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX), an inborn error of bile acid synthesis, after a diagnostic workup for convulsions which were shown to be caused by a parechovirus encephalitis. The diagnosis of CTX was confirmed with CYP27A1 mutation analysis. She was started on chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) supplementation, which inhibits...

Multiple consecutive norovirus infections in the first 2 years of life

Studies investigating the magnitude and breath of protective immune responses after primary and subsequent norovirus infections in pediatric populations are limited. We investigated incidence of norovirus infections and serological responses in a child from longitudinal stool and serum samples collected from birth to 2 years of age. Four consecutive infections with distinct...

Berardinelli-Seip syndrome and achalasia: a shared pathomechanism?

Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is an uncommon autosomal recessive disorder. Patients with BSCL present with a distinct phenotype since subcutaneous fat is largely lacking and musculature has become more prominent. During childhood, diabetes and acanthosis nigricans evolve and female patients may develop hirsutism. Different genes encoding this entity have been...