Environmental Sciences Europe

https://link.springer.com/journal/12302

List of Papers (Total 554)

Impacts of the North American signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) on European ecosystems

As a vector of the crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci), invasive crayfish pose a major threat to endemic crayfish species in Europe. But do they affect whole ecosystems and fish species as well? A comprehensive review was done using online search engines on current literature to elucidate possible crayfish effects. It showed that they have the potential to decimate benthic...

The Dessau workshop on bioaccumulation: state of the art, challenges and regulatory implications

Bioaccumulation plays a vital role in understanding the fate of a substance in the environment and is key to the regulation of chemicals in several jurisdictions. The current assessment approaches commonly use the octanol–water partition coefficient (log K OW) as an indicator for bioaccumulation and the bioconcentration factor (BCF) as a standard criterion to identify...

Can perfluoroalkyl acids biodegrade in the rumen simulation technique (RUSITEC)?

Background The behaviour of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in tissues of ruminants has been shown to differ from that of monogastrics (J Agric Food Chem 61(12):2903–2912 doi:10.​1021/​jf304680j, 2013; J Agric Food Chem 62(28):6861–6870, 2014). This may be a consequence of the complex microbial ecosystem in the rumen. To evaluate this hypothesis, the recovery of PFAAs was studied...

A guide for using social media in environmental science and a case study by the Students of SETAC

BackgroundIn the past few years, the use of social media has gradually become an important part of our daily lives. While some might see this as a threat to our productivity or as a source of procrastination, social media as a whole have unquestionably changed the way in which information and knowledge disseminate in our society.Social media guideThis article is meant to serve as...

Authors’ response on Hoppe et al. (2015) “Effects of a neonicotinoid pesticide on honey bee colonies: a response to the field study by Pilling et al. (2013)”. Environ Sci Eur (2015) 27–28

The published Commentary by Hoppe et al. (Environ Sci Eur 27–28, 2015) makes a number of strong criticisms of Pilling et al. (PLoS One 8:e77193, 2013), which this authors’ response will show are either wrong, inaccurate or misleading. A selection of these misrepresentations include a claim that technical thiamethoxam was used rather than the commercial product. This is not true...

Rainfed winter wheat cultivation in the North German Plain will be water limited under climate change until 2070

Background We analysed regionalised ECHAM6 climate data for the North German Plains (NGP) in two time slots from 1981 to 2010 and 2041 to 2070. Results The annual mean temperature will increase significantly (by about 2 °C) that will result in shorter growing periods since the sum of degree days until harvest will be reached earlier. Even if the amount of total precipitation does...

Effects of a neonicotinoid pesticide on honey bee colonies: a response to the field study by Pilling et al. (2013)

Our assessment of the multi-year overwintering study by Pilling et al. (2013) revealed a number of major deficiencies regarding the study design, the protocol and the evaluation of results. Colonies were exposed for short periods per year to flowering oilseed rape and maize grown from thiamethoxam-coated seeds. Thiamethoxam as the sole active ingredient was used, not a more...

The risk of hydraulic fracturing on public health in the UK and the UK’s fracking legislation

Background Hydraulic fracturing to extract natural gas from shale rock is a new, rapidly expanding industry in the United States (US). However, there is concern that these operations could be having large negative impacts such as groundwater contamination, increased air pollution and seismic events. The United Kingdom (UK) is looking at the potential for emulating the success of...

Possibilities of using the German Federal States’ permanent soil monitoring program for the monitoring of potential effects of genetically modified organisms (GMO)

Background In the Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMO) into the environment, a monitoring of potential risks is prescribed after their deliberate release or placing on the market. Experience and data of already existing monitoring networks should be included. The present paper summarizes the major findings of a project funded by...

Predictions of Cu toxicity in three aquatic species using bioavailability tools in four Swedish soft freshwaters

BackgroundThe EU member countries are currently implementing the Water Framework Directive to promote better water quality and overview of their waters. The directive recommends the usage of bioavailability tools, such as biotic ligand models (BLM), for setting environmental quality standards (EQS) for metals. These models are mainly calibrated towards a water chemistry found in...

A compilation of life cycle studies for six household detergent product categories in Europe: the basis for product-specific A.I.S.E. Charter Advanced Sustainability Profiles

Background A.I.S.E., the International Association for Soaps, Detergents and Maintenance Products, launched the ‘A.I.S.E. Charter for Sustainable Cleaning’ in Europe in 2005 to promote sustainability in the cleaning and maintenance products industry. This Charter is a proactive programme for translating the concept of sustainable innovation into reality and actions. Per product...

Test strategy for assessing the risks of nanomaterials in the environment considering general regulatory procedures

Background Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are marketed as a substance or mixtures and are additionally used due to their active agent properties in products such as pesticides or biocides, for which specific regulations apply. Currently, there are no specific testing strategies for environmental fate and effects of ENMs within the different regulations. An environmental test and...

Efficiency of advanced wastewater treatment technologies for the reduction of hormonal activity in effluents and connected surface water bodies by means of vitellogenin analyses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and brown trout (Salmo trutta f. fario)

Endocrine effects in the aquatic environment are in the focus of scientists and media along with debates on the necessity of further steps in wastewater treatment. In the present study VTG responses were compared to evaluate upgrades at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). We investigated several advanced sewage treatment technologies at two WWTPs connected to the Schussen, a...

Acute toxicity of peroxy sulfonated oleic acids (PSOA) to freshwater aquatic species and sludge microflora as observed in laboratory environments

BackgroundPeroxy sulfonated oleic acids (PSOA) is a novel surfactant peracid. The commercial applications of PSOA result in the chemical primarily being disposed of via industrial waste water effluent. Given this manner of disposal, it is important to understand the aquatic hazards of the chemical to better assess the risk posed to aqueous environments. Acute aquatic toxicity...

Review of GMO safety assessment studies: glyphosate residues in Roundup Ready crops is an ignored issue

Background Genetically modified glyphosate-tolerant cultivar varieties have been a commercial success widely known as Roundup Ready plants. As new glyphosate-tolerant varieties are introduced to satisfy agriculture demand, it is relevant to review the scientific evidence that documents the quality and safety of such biotechnology. Assessments of genetically modified glyphosate...

The Seralini affair: degeneration of Science to Re-Science?

A paper reporting findings relevant to safety of the genetically modified (GM) maize NK603 and the herbicide Roundup (Séralini et al., Food Chem Toxicol. 50:4221–4231, 2012) was retracted against the wishes of the authors, and subsequently republished in another peer-reviewed journal (Séralini et al. Environ Sci Europe, doi:10.1186/s12302-014-0014-5, 2014). These events exemplify...

Laudation to PD Dr. Wolfgang Ahlf: towards integrated approaches in sediment toxicology and its transfer to sediment quality guidelines

Thanking PD Dr. Wolfgang Ahlf on the occasion of his retirement for his outstanding experimental and conceptual merits in the field of sediment ecotoxicology and his personal 65th anniversary this article will present a laudation. This Editorial furthermore introduces a series of papers on ‘Progress in sediment research and decision making’ which is dedicated to Wolfgang Ahlf...

Estrogenic activity in drainage water: a field study on a Swiss cattle pasture

Background Dairy cow manure applied to pastures is a significant potential source of estrogenic contamination in nearby streams. One possible pathway is through infiltration via preferential flow to drainage pipes, particularly after heavy rainfall events. In a period of 73 days in the spring of 2010, a drainage catchment in a cattle pasture in the Swiss lowlands was closely...

Effects of socio-economic status and seasonal variation on municipal solid waste composition: a baseline study for future planning and development

Background The present study has highlighted the effects of seasonal variation and socio-economic status on generation and composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Shalimar Town (ST). The total amount of MSW generated in ST is estimated to be 927 tons per day per year. The average per capita rate of MSW collected in ST is 0.69 kg per day in all four seasons. Results No...

Optimal test design for binary response data: the example of the fish embryo toxicity test

Background The fish embryo toxicity test (FET) is an established method in toxicology research for quantifying the risk potential of environmental contaminations and other substances. The typical results of the method are the half maximal effective concentration (EC50) or the no observed effect concentration (NOEC). However, from an environmental perspective, it is most important...

A challenge to scientific integrity: a critique of the critics of the GMO rat study conducted by Gilles-Eric Séralini et al. (2012)

This paper reviews the many criticisms of the publication by Seralini et al (2012) which has led to so much controversy, was retracted and then republished in this journal. Seralini et al found that a GM maize and its associated herbicide Roundup resulted in numerous chronic abnormalities in rats. The vehemence of the critics is not matched by their evidence; it is often based on...

Deconstructing Indian cotton: weather, yields, and suicides

Background Cotton with coevolving pests has been grown in India more than 5000 years. Hybrid cotton was introduced in the 1970s with increases in fertilizer and in insecticide use against pink bollworm that caused outbreaks of bollworm. Hybrid Bt cotton, introduced in 2002 to control bollworm and other lepidopteran pests, is grown on more than 90 % of the cotton area. Despite...

Oxidative transformation processes and products of para-phenylenediamine (PPD) and para-toluenediamine (PTD)—a review

para-Phenylendiamine (PPD) and its ring-methylated analogue, para-toluenediamine (PTD), are primary intermediates (precursors) for azo dye synthesis. Particularly, they are used in oxidative hair dye formulations and in henna tattoo inks. In the hair coloration process, the final permanent color develops during complex chemical reactions in the presence of an oxidant, e.g...

Differences in biomass yield development of early, medium, and late maize varieties during the 21st century in Northern Germany

Background Though there exists a general notion on how maize yields might develop throughout Europe during the current century, modeling approaches on a regional level that account for small-scale variations are not yet universally available. Furthermore, many studies only refer to one variety of maize. However, the few studies that include at least two varieties indicate that...