Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

http://link.springer.com/journal/11999

List of Papers (Total 1,408)

Osteomyelitis Risk in Patients With Transfemoral Amputations Treated With Osseointegration Prostheses

BackgroundPercutaneous anchoring of femoral amputation prostheses using osseointegrating titanium implants has been in use for more than 25 years. The method offers considerable advantages in daily life compared with conventional socket prostheses, however long-term success might be jeopardized by implant-associated infection, especially osteomyelitis, but the long-term risk of...

What Is the Diagnostic Accuracy of the Duck Walk Test in Detecting Meniscal Tears?

Background Clinical weightbearing provocation tests, like the duck walk test, may be of value in diagnosing or screening for medial meniscal tears. However, evidence of the diagnostic accuracy of the duck walk test is lacking. Questions/purposes (1) To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the duck walk test in diagnosing medial meniscal tears. (2) To determine whether...

Current Pathologic Scoring Systems for Metal-on-metal THA Revisions are not Reproducible

Background The aseptic lymphocyte vasculitis-associated lesion (ALVAL) score and the modified Oxford ALVAL score are frequently used scoring methods to evaluate the morphologic features of periprosthetic tissues around metal-on-metal (MoM) hip implants. Except for the initial studies of these two morphology scoring methods, to our knowledge, no other studies have reported on...

The Effect of Surgical Technique and Spacer Texture on Bone Regeneration: A Caprine Study Using the Masquelet Technique

BackgroundThe Masquelet-induced-membrane technique is a commonly used method for treating segmental bone defects. However, there are no established clinical standards for management of the induced membrane before grafting.Questions/purposesTwo clinically based theories were tested in a chronic caprine tibial defect model: (1) a textured spacer that increases the induced-membrane...

Does Humeral Component Lateralization in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Affect Rotator Cuff Torque? Evaluation in a Cadaver Model

BackgroundHumeral component lateralization in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) may improve the biomechanical advantage of the rotator cuff, which could improve the torque generated by the rotator cuff and increase internal and external rotation of the shoulder.PurposeThe purpose of this in vitro biomechanical study was to evaluate the effect of humeral component...