Photonic Sensors

https://link.springer.com/journal/13320

List of Papers (Total 402)

All-Organic Waveguide Sensor for Volatile Solvent Sensing

An all-organic Mach-Zehnder waveguide device for volatile solvent sensing is presented. Optical waveguide devices offer a great potential for various applications in sensing and communications due to multiple advantageous properties such as immunity to electromagnetic interference, high efficiency, and low cost and size. One of the most promising areas for applications of...

Broadband Acoustic Vibration Sensor Based on Cladding-Mode Resonance of Double-Cladding Fiber

We have proposed and demonstrated a double-cladding fiber (DCF) with cladding-mode resonance property for broadband acoustic vibration sensing. Since the fundamental mode in the core waveguide is able to be coupled to LP05 mode in the tube waveguide once the phase-matching condition is fulfilled, the transmission spectrum can exhibit a dip with a large extinction ratio. An...

Multi-Component and Multi-Point Trace Gas Sensing in Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy Based on Wavelength Stabilization

Multi-component and multi-point trace gas sensing in the wavelength modulation spectroscopy is demonstrated based on the frequency-division multiplexing and time-division multiplexing technology. A reference photodetector is connected in series with a reference gas cell with the constant concentration to measure the second-harmonics peak of the components for wavelength...

Optical Rotation Detection for Atomic Spin Precession Using a Superluminescent Diode

A superluminescent diode (SLD) as an alternative of laser is used to detect optical rotation for atomic spin precession. A more uniform Gauss configuration without additional beam shaping and a relatively high power of the SLD have a potential for atomic magnetometers, which is demonstrated in theory and experiments. In addition, the robustness and compactness enable a more...

Trace Ammonia Detection Based on Near-Infrared Fiber-Optic Cantilever-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy

A trace ammonia (NH3) detection system based on the near-infrared fiber-optic cantilever-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (CEPAS) is proposed. A fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer (EFPI) based cantilever microphone has been designed to detect the photoacoustic pressure signal. The microphone has many advantages, such as small size and high sensitivity. A near...

Distributed Vibration Sensor With Laser Phase-Noise Immunity by Phase-Extraction φ-OTDR

We have demonstrated a distributed vibration sensor based on phase-sensitive optical time-domain reflectometer (φ-OTDR) system exhibiting immunity to the laser phase noise. Two laser sources with different linewidth and phase noise levels are used in the φ-OTDR system, respectively. Based on the phase noise power spectrum density of both lasers, the laser phase is almost...

High Sensitive Methane Sensor With Temperature Compensation Based on Selectively Liquid-Infiltrated Photonic Crystal Fibers

A highly sensitive and temperature-compensated methane sensor based on a liquid-infiltrated photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is proposed. Two bigger holes near the core area are coated with a methane-sensitive compound film, and specific cladding air holes are infiltrated into the liquid material to form new defective channels. The proposed sensor can achieve accurate measurement of...

Piecewise Linear Weighted Iterative Algorithm for Beam Alignment in Scanning Beam Interference Lithography

To obtain a good interference fringe contrast and high fidelity, an automated beam iterative alignment is achieved in scanning beam interference lithography (SBIL). To solve the problem of alignment failure caused by a large beam angle (or position) overshoot exceeding the detector range while also speeding up the convergence, a weighted iterative algorithm using a weight...

Deformation Measurement of Glass Structure Using FBG Sensor

Glass has been widely used as an important component in structures such as reflection glass curtainwalls, high speed trains, and landscape glass bridges with advantages of transparent and easy to clean, which are exposed to extreme weather conditions and external loads. Over time, these factors can lead to a damage of glass. So the health status of glass structure is critical...

A High-Sensitivity and Broad-Range SPR Glucose Sensor Based on Improved Glucose Sensitive Membranes

An improved glucose sensitive membrane (GSM) is prepared by immobilizing glucose oxidase (GOD) onto a mixture of silica mesocellular foams (SiMCFs) and SiO2 nanoparticles (SiNPs) and then trapping it in a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel. The membrane is coated onto a gold-glass sheet to create a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor. A series of experiments are conducted to...

Performance Analysis of Silicon and Blue Phosphorene/MoS2 Hetero-Structure Based SPR Sensor

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor based on the blue phosphorene/MoS2 hetero-structure is presented to enhance the performance parameters, i.e., sensitivity, detection accuracy, and quality factor. The blue phosphorene/MoS2 hetero-structure works as an interacting layer with the analyte for the enhancement of the sensitivity of the sensor. It is observed that the sensitivity...

A Coil Constant Calibration Method Based on the Phase-Frequency Response of Alkali Atomic Magnetometer

We propose an in-situ method to calibrate the coil constants of the optical atomic magnetometer. This method is based on measuring the Larmor precession of spin polarized alkali metal atoms and has been demonstrated on a K-Rb hybrid atomic magnetometer. Oscillation fields of different frequencies are swept on the transverse coil. By extracting the resonance frequency through...

Optically Controlled Extraordinary Terahertz Transmission of Bi2Se3 Film Modulator

Standing on the potential for high-speed modulation and switching in the terahertz (THz) regime, all-optical approaches whose response speeds mainly depend on the lifetime of nonequilibrium free carriers have attracted a tremendous attention. Here, we establish a novel bi-direction THz modulation experiment controlled by femtosecond laser for new functional devices. Specifically...

Young’s Modulus Measurement of Metal Wires Using FBG Sensor

A novel Young’s modulus measurement scheme based on fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. In our method, a universal formula relating the Bragg wavelength shift to Young’s modulus is derived and metal wires are loaded strain by using the static stretching method. The Young’s modulus of copper wires, aluminum wires, nickel wires, and tungsten...

Investigation Into Vibration Characteristic in Vibrothermography

Vibration characteristic plays an important role in vibrothermography, which directly affects the heating during the test. In this work, involving all the contacts in the vibrothermography, the “double-mass-three-spring” model is established to explore the vibration characteristic. The obtained results show that ultrasonic gun vibrates at fundamental frequency (FF), while the...

Influence of Internal Stresses in Few-Mode Fiber on the Thermal Characteristics of Regenerated Gratings

The pre-treatment of few-mode fibers (FMFs) has been successfully done with CO2 laser. The wavelength difference, Δλ between the two resonant wavelengths in the few-mode fiber Bragg grating (FMFBG) varies with temperature increment during the annealing process. The results show that the treated fibers with lower stresses have lower thermal sensitivity in Δλ than that of non...

Sub-Nanometer Displacement Sensor Based on Coupling of Balanced Loss and Gain Cavities

Sub-nanometer displacement measurement is still a challenge in the current sensor field. In this study, a new type of displacement sensor is designed which is based on the coupling effect of two balanced gain and loss resonators. The optical properties of the sensor have been studied through the coupled mode theory and scatter matrix. The pole effect in the coupling system can be...

Dual-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber Plasmonic Refractive Index Sensor: A Numerical Analysis

A numerical analysis on dual core photonic crystal fiber (DC-PCF) based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) refractive index sensor is presented. The guiding parameters and required sensing performances are examined with finite element method (FEM) based software under MATLAB environment. According to simulation, it is warrant that the proposed refractive index sensor offers the...

Infrared LSS-Target Detection Via Adaptive TCAIE-LGM Smoothing and Pixel-Based Background Subtraction

Infrared small target detection is a significant and challenging topic for daily security. This paper proposes a novel model to detect LSS-target (low altitude, slow speed, and small target) under the complicated background. Firstly, the fundamental constituents of an infrared image including the complexity and entropy are calculated, which are invoked as adaptive control...

Laser Wavelength Estimation Method Based on a High-Birefringence Fiber Loop Mirror

A simple method for the estimation of the wavelength of a fiber laser system is proposed. The method is based on the use of a high-birefringence-fiber loop mirror (HBFLM). The HBFLM exhibits a periodic transmission/reflection spectrum whose spectral characteristics are determined by the length and temperature of the high-birefringence fiber (HBF). Then, by the previous...

Experimental Study on PAT System for Long-Distance Laser Communications Between Fixed-Wing Aircrafts

Free-space laser communication is characterized by high communication speed, strong anti-jamming ability, high confidentiality, and flexible configuration. In this paper, a pointing, acquisition, and tracking (PAT) system based on a two-stage (i.e., coarse and fine) composite tracking mechanism is proposed to solve the optical axis alignment problem, which is common in free-space...

High-Sensitivity Temperature Sensor Based on Polarization Maintaining Fiber Sagnac Loop

A high-sensitivity all-fiber temperature sensor based on a Sagnac interferometer is demonstrated by splicing a section of polarization maintaining fiber (PMF) between two sections of standard single mode fibers (SMFs). In this sensor, the SMF-PMF-SMF structure in the Sagnac loop is bent into a circle to enhance the sensitivity. The length and curvature of the PMF in the loop are...

Application of MZI Symmetrical Structure With Fiber Balls and Seven-Core Fiber in Microdisplacement Measurement

An optical fiber microdisplacement sensor based on symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) with a seven-core fiber and two single-mode fiber balls is proposed. The rationality and manufacturing process of the MZI sensing structure are analyzed. The fabrication mechanism of the Mach-Zehnder sensor by CO2 laser is described in detail. Experimental results show that temperature...

Excitation Mechanism of Surface Plasmon Polaritons for Surface Plasmon Sensor With 1D Metal Grating Structure for High Refractive Index Medium

The excitation mechanism of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in a surface plasmon sensor with a one-dimensional (1D) Au diffraction grating on a glass substrate is studied herein. The sensitivity of the sensor for application to a refractometer is also characterized. The SPPs are excited at the following two types of interface: one between the Au grating and the glass substrate...

Axial Micro-Strain Sensor Based on Resonance Demodulation Technology Via Dual-Mode CMECF

This paper firstly and experimentally demonstrates an in-fiber axial micro-strain sensing head, combined with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) based on the concentric multilayer elliptical-core fiber (CMECF). This MZI with a high extinction ratio (about 15 dB) is successfully achieved with a CMECF-single mode fiber-CMECF (CSC) structure. The MZI sensor theory and the resonance...