Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

http://link.springer.com/journal/11010

List of Papers (Total 201)

Interactions between microRNA-200 family and Sestrin proteins in endometrial cancer cell lines and their significance to anoikis

In the present study, we intend to determine whether Sestrin proteins 1, 2, and 3 (SESN1-3) are targets of microRNA-200 family (miR-200) in endometrial cancer (EC) Ishikawa, AN3CA, KLE, and RL 95-2 cell lines and to investigate how these potential interactions influence anoikis resistance of EC cell lines. The luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and western blotting assays were...

FT Raman spectroscopy in the evaluation of biomarkers of normal and pathological placenta tissue

The basic precondition of proper intrauterine growth is appropriate supply of nutrients transported through placenta. Placenta capacity in the scope of transportation is dependent on transport systems and the structure of the basement membrane and syncytiotrophoblast microvillous membrane. The present pilot study demonstrates preliminary results of the analysis of placenta...

Lasalocid immediately and completely prevents the myocardial damage caused by coronary ischemia reperfusion in rat heart

Lasalocid, a specific mobile membrane ionophore for calcium, dopamine and norepinephrine was assayed in its capacity to reduce or maintain unaltered the cardiovascular function in conditions of imminent myocardial injury. In experiments of coronary blockade and reperfusion carried out in rat heart, it was found that when administered from 5 to 30 minutes prior to the induction of...

Bacterial supernatants elevate glucose-dependent insulin secretion in rat pancreatic INS-1 line and islet β-cells via PI3K/AKT signaling

Diabetes and periodontitis are considered associated chronic diseases, and hyperinsulinemia in prediabetes has been shown to be present in normoglycemic animals with periodontitis. As periodontal bacterial species are significant sources of endotoxemia and may directly stimulate insulin secretion, we hypothesized that increased bacterial virulence may exert an adverse effect on...

Proteomics and bioinformatics analyses identify novel cellular roles outside mitochondrial function for human miro GTPases

The human Miro GTPases (hMiros) have recently emerged as important mediators of mitochondrial transport and may significantly contribute to the development of disorders such as Alzheimer’s and schizophrenia. The hMiros represent two highly atypical members of the Ras superfamily, and exhibit several unique features: the presence of a GTPase domain at both the N-terminus and C...

Preventive effect on endothelial surface layer damage of Fusu agent in LPS-induced acute lung injury in rats

Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of major causes of morbidity and mortality in intensive care. In pathophysiological events of ALI, endothelial surface layer (ESL) injury can result in capillary leakage as the initial event. The “Fusu agent”, a traditional Chinese medicine, can inhibit inflammatory factors, attenuate lung capillary leak as seen in our previous study. This study was...

Possible role of mitochondrial K-ATP channel and nitric oxide in protection of the neonatal rat heart

Cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and ischemic postconditioning (IPoC) in adult hearts is mediated by mitochondrial-K-ATP channels and nitric oxide (NO). During early developmental period, rat hearts exhibit higher resistance to ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury and their resistance cannot be further increased by IPC or IPoC. Therefore, we have speculated...

Overexpression of modified human TRβ1 suppresses the growth of hepatocarcinoma SK-hep1 cells in vitro and in xenograft models

Association studies suggest that TRβ1 functions as a tumor suppressor. Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) mediate transcriptional responses through a highly conserved DNA-binding domain (DBD). We previously constructed an artificially modified human TRβ1 (m-TRβ1) via the introduction of a 108-bp exon sequence into the corresponding position of the wild-type human TRβ1 (TRβ1) DBD...

Propofol specifically suppresses IL-1β secretion but increases bacterial survival in Staphylococcus aureus-infected RAW264.7 cells

Anesthetics have immunomodulatory effects, but the use of different assay systems has contributed to inconsistent results in the literature. IL-1β and reactive oxygen species (ROS) secreted by phagocytes are important factors that protect against Staphylococcus aureus infection. In this study, the effects of four intravenous anesthetics (propofol, thiamylal sodium, midazolam, and...

Gemcabene, a first-in-class lipid-lowering agent in late-stage development, down-regulates acute-phase C-reactive protein via C/EBP-δ-mediated transcriptional mechanism

Inflammation plays a key role in setting the stage leading to atherosclerosis progression, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) has been recognized as a predictor of cardiovascular risk. As a monotherapy and in combination with statins, gemcabene markedly reduced CRP in humans. Present investigation was undertaken to understand the mechanism of CRP reduction. In human...

The endogenous subcellular localisations of the long chain fatty acid-activating enzymes ACSL3 and ACSL4 in sarcoma and breast cancer cells

Fatty acid uptake and metabolism are often dysregulated in cancer cells. Fatty acid activation is a critical step that allows these biomolecules to enter cellular metabolic pathways such as mitochondrial β-oxidation for ATP generation or the lipogenic routes that generate bioactive lipids such as the inositol phospholipids. Fatty acid activation by the addition of coenzyme A is...

Increased expression of the gene encoding stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 in human bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is a common disease and a significant cause of death worldwide. There is thus great interest in identifying a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker, as well as gaining an understanding of the molecular basis of bladder cancer. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 gene (SCD1) is highly overexpressed in many human cancers. However, the expression of SCD1 has not yet been...

Calcineurin is an important factor involved in glucose uptake in human adipocytes

Calcineurin inhibitors are used in immunosuppressive therapy applied after transplantation, but they are associated with major metabolic side effects including the development of new onset diabetes. Previously, we have shown that the calcineurin inhibiting drugs tacrolimus and cyclosporin A reduce adipocyte and myocyte glucose uptakes by reducing the amount of glucose transporter...

Hepatocyte nuclear factors as possible C-reactive protein transcriptional inducer in the liver and white adipose tissue of rats with experimental chronic renal failure

Inflammation related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important clinical problem. We recently determined that hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α (HNF1α) was upregulated in the livers of chronic renal failure (CRF) rats—experimental model of CKD. Considering that the promoter region of gene encoding C-reactive protein (CRP) contains binding sites for HNF1α and that the loss-of...

Decreased coronary arteriolar response to KCa channel opener after cardioplegic arrest in diabetic patients

We have recently found that diabetes is associated with the inactivation of the calcium-activated potassium channels (KCa) in endothelial cells, which may contribute to endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients at baseline. In the current study, we further investigated the effects of diabetes on coronary arteriolar responses to the small (SK) and intermediate (IK) KCa opener...

The role of resveratrol on skeletal muscle cell differentiation and myotube hypertrophy during glucose restriction

Glucose restriction (GR) impairs muscle cell differentiation and evokes myotube atrophy. Resveratrol treatment in skeletal muscle cells improves inflammatory-induced reductions in skeletal muscle cell differentiation. We therefore hypothesised that resveratrol treatment would improve muscle cell differentiation and myotube hypertrophy in differentiating C2C12 myoblasts and mature...

Evaluation of the effect of the new methoxy-stilbenes on expression of receptors and enzymes involved in estrogen synthesis in cancer breast cells

Our previous study showed that the new synthetic methoxy-stilbenes, 3,4,2′-trimethoxy-trans-stilbene (3MS), 3,4,2′,4′-tetramethoxy-trans-stilbene (4MS), and 3,4,2′,4′,6′-pentamethoxy-trans-stilbene (5MS), modulate the constitutive expression of enzymes and receptors involved in estrogen metabolism in breast immortalized epithelial MCF10 cells. In this study, we evaluated the...

Inhibitory influence of natural flavonoids on human protein kinase CK2 isoforms: effect of the regulatory subunit

CK2 is a pleiotropic, constitutively active protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation of more than 300 physiological substrates. Typically, this enzyme is found in tetrameric form consisting of two regulatory subunits CK2β and two catalytic subunits CK2α or CK2α′. Several natural occurring flavonoids were tested for their ability to inhibit both CK2 holoenzymes, CK2α2β2...

Uric acid and obesity-related phenotypes in postmenopausal women

The aim of this study was to find the genetic, metabolic, and nutritional risk factors, which can be associated with uric acid (UA) level. The risk factors related to uricemia were assessed among 271 postmenopausal women without cardiometabolic disorders and hypolipidemic/hypoglycemic treatment selected from a cohort of 1423 obese postmenopausal women. The bioimpedance analysis...

Lichen-derived caperatic acid and physodic acid inhibit Wnt signaling in colorectal cancer cells

Lichens are a source of secondary metabolites which possess important biological activities, including antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic effects. The anticancer activity of lichens was shown in many types of tumors, including colorectal cancers (CRC). Several studies revealed that the application of lichen extracts diminished the proliferation of CRC...

Candidate gene analysis in pathogenesis of surgically and non-surgically treated necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most severe and unpredictable complications of prematurity. There are two possible mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of NEC: individual inflammatory response and impaired blood flow in mesenteric vessels with secondary ischemia of the intestine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between...

Effect of decaffeinated coffee on function and nucleotide metabolism in kidney

Little is known about the effects of coffee that are not related to the presence of caffeine. The aim of the study was to analyse changes in kidney function and nucleotide metabolism related to high intake of decaffeinated coffee. Mice consumed decaffeinated coffee extract for two weeks. Activities of AMP deaminase, ecto5′-nucleotidase, adenosine deaminase, purine nucleoside...