Materials Research

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List of Papers (Total 192)

Morphological and electrical evolution of ZnO: Al thin filmsdeposited by RF magnetron sputtering onto glass substrates

In this work, the surface and electrical characteristics ZnO:Al thin films deposited by RF magnetron sputtering onto glass substrates have been investigated. Analysis of surface morphologies revealed two growth stages. In the first stage, up to thicknesses of 100 nm, the films show surface structures with a granular form without preferential orientation. Beyond thicknesses of 100...

Microstructure and microtexture assessment of delamination phenomena in charpy impact tested specimens

In this article the delamination phenomena, which occurs in the X70 steel during fracture process from the Charpy impact tests, was investigated. Microstructure, microtexture and Taylor factor map analyses were performed by scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction, respectively. In a cross-section of two fractured surface regions namely...

Evaluation of different methods of cooling-lubrication in cylindrical grinding of advanced ceramic dip

The current work presents a study of alternative methods of cooling-lubrication for the external plunge grinding of advanced ceramics using diamond wheels. These two alternative methods, which are intended to reduce cutting fluid expenses, are commonly referred to as the optimized cooling-lubrication method and minimal quantity of lubrication (MQL). The techniques were evaluated...

Compatibility analyses of BICUVOX.10 as a cathode in yttria-stabilized zirconia electrolytes for usage in solid oxide fuel cells

Copper-substituted bismuth vanadate has been considered a promising material for composite cathodes in SOFC. However, high reactivity of BICUVOX.10 towards the electrolytes still has been its greatest shortcoming. This paper describes reactions between BICUVOX.10 and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolytes. Secondary phases formed were evaluated by X-ray diffraction...

Mechanical and microstructural characterization of Nodular Cast Iron (NCI) with Niobium Additions

Nodular cast irons (NCIs) involve the inoculation and nodulization of 0.03 to 0.06wt% Magnesium, as well as the addition of Molybdenum, Chromium, Nickel, Copper and Vanadium, although the presence of Niobium is not common. The literature reports that Niobium leads to better mechanical properties of the NCIs, and recent results indicate that 0.5wt% Niobium increases the strength...

Mechanical properties of castor oil polymer mortars

In the last years, ecological concerns have resulted in the interest to substitute petroleum-based materials by renewable resources-based ones. Natural oils constitute an excellent alternative for the development of natural composites. The aim of this work is to evaluate the use of natural polymer, manufactured from castor oil, as substitute to synthetic, epoxy and polyester, in...