European Biophysics Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/249

List of Papers (Total 186)

Possible sensor applications of selected DNA–surfactant complexes

Although much research has been performed on DNA complexes carrying long alkyl chains (C10, C16, and C18), there is no information about physicochemical characterization of synthesized composites with allyl imidazole-based ionic liquids and quaternary ammonium salts with n-butyl chains. Here, complexes were synthesized by ion-exchange reactions between sonicated DNA and three...

Fluorescence-detected linear dichroism imaging in a re-scan confocal microscope equipped with differential polarization attachment

Confocal laser scanning microscopy is probably the most widely used and one of the most powerful techniques in basic biology, medicine and material sciences that is employed to elucidate the architecture of complex cellular structures and molecular macro-assemblies. It has recently been shown that the information content, signal-to-noise ratio and resolution of such microscopes...

Spectrokinetic characterization of photoactive yellow protein films for integrated optical applications

In this paper, the photocycle of the dried photoactive yellow protein film has been investigated in different humidity environments, in order to characterize its nonlinear optical properties for possible integrated optical applications. The light-induced spectral changes of the protein films were monitored by an optical multichannel analyser set-up, while the accompanying...

Two-dimensional mass spectrometry: new perspectives for tandem mass spectrometry

Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass analysers (FT-ICR MS) can offer the highest resolutions and mass accuracies in mass spectrometry. Mass spectra acquired in an FT-ICR MS can yield accurate elemental compositions of all compounds in a complex sample. Fragmentation caused by ion–neutral, ion–electron, or ion–photon interactions leads to more detailed structural...

Hydration differences between the major and minor grooves of DNA revealed from heat capacity measurements

The nature of water on the surface of a macromolecule is reflected in the temperature dependence of the heat effect, i.e., the heat capacity change, ΔCp, that accompanies its removal on forming a complex. The relationship between ΔCp and the nature of the surface dehydrated cannot be modeled for DNA by the use of small molecules, as previously done for proteins, since the...

A simple cell-alignment protocol for sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation to complement mechanical and optical alignment procedures

In establishing the sources of data variability within sedimentation velocity analysis in the analytical ultracentrifuge and their relative importance, recent studies have demonstrated that alignment of the sample cells to the centre of rotation is the most significant contributing factor to overall variability, particularly for the characterisation of low levels of protein...

Production of membrane proteins for characterisation of their pheromone-sensing and antimicrobial resistance functions

Despite the importance of membrane proteins in cellular processes, studies of these hydrophobic proteins present major technical challenges, including expression and purification for structural and biophysical studies. A modified strategy of that proposed previously by Saidijam et al. (2005) and others, for the routine expression of bacterial membrane proteins involved in...

Correlative iPALM and SEM resolves virus cavity and Gag lattice defects in HIV virions

Interferometric Photo-Activation-Localization-Microscopy (iPALM) localizes single fluorescent molecules with 20 nm lateral and 10 nm axial resolution. We present a method utilizing glass coverslip lithography for correlative imaging between iPALM and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Using iPALM on HIV Gag-Dendra virus-like particles (VLPs) we localized the position of HIV Gag...

Prediction and analysis of analytical ultracentrifugation experiments for heterogeneous macromolecules and nanoparticles based on Brownian dynamics simulation

In the prediction of sedimentation profiles in analytical ultracentrifugation, the counterflow due to diffusion must be taken into account for a proper analysis of experimental data in the determination of molecular properties. This is usually achieved by numerical solution of the Lamm equation. This paper presents an alternative approach, in which the displacement of the solute...

There and back again: from the origin of life to single molecules

What is life? There is hardly a more fundamental question raised by aspiring researchers, and one less prone to ever be answered in a scientifically satisfying way. In the long, productive and highly influential period of research following his Nobel-recognised work on relaxation kinetics, Manfred Eigen made seminal contributions towards a quantifiable definition of life, with a...

Controlled depolymerisation assessed by analytical ultracentrifugation of low molecular weight chitosan for use in archaeological conservation

The heterogeneity and molecular weight of a chitosan of low molecular weight (molar mass) and low degree of acetylation (0.1) for potential use as a consolidant for decayed archaeological wood were examined by sedimentation velocity and sedimentation equilibrium in the analytical ultracentrifuge before and after depolymerisation. Sedimentation velocity before depolymerisation...

Molecular evolution between chemistry and biology

Biological evolution is reduced to three fundamental processes in the spirit of a minimal model: (i) Competition caused by differential fitness, (ii) cooperation of competitors in the sense of symbiosis, and (iii) variation introduced by mutation understood as error-prone reproduction. The three combinations of two fundamental processes each, (\({\mathcal A}\)) competition and...

Kinetics of the B-A transition of DNA: analysis of potential contributions to a reaction barrier

Because of open problems in the relation between results obtained by relaxation experiments and molecular dynamics simulations on the B-A transition of DNA, relaxation measurements of the B-A dynamics have been extended to a wider range of conditions. Field-induced reaction effects are measured selectively by the magic angle technique using a novel cell construction preventing...

An image-processing method to detect sub-optical features based on understanding noise in intensity measurements

Accurate quantitative analysis of image data requires that we distinguish between fluorescence intensity (true signal) and the noise inherent to its measurements to the extent possible. We image multilamellar membrane tubes and beads that grow from defects in the fluid lamellar phase of the lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine dissolved in water and water-glycerol...

Fluorescence-based monitoring of electronic state and ion exchange kinetics with FCS and related techniques: from T-jump measurements to fluorescence fluctuations

In this review, we give a historical view of how our research in the development and use of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and related techniques has its roots and how it originally evolved from the pioneering work of Manfred Eigen, his colleagues, and coworkers. Work on temperature-jump (T-jump) experiments, conducted almost 50 years ago, led on to the development...

Pre-aggregation kinetics and intermediates of α-synuclein monitored by the ESIPT probe 7MFE

The defining feature of the extensive family of amyloid diseases is the formation of networks of entangled elongated protein fibrils and amorphous aggregates exhibiting crossed β-sheet secondary structure. The time course of amyloid conversion has been studied extensively in vitro with the proteins involved in the neurodegenerative pathology of Parkinson’s disease (α-synuclein...

Manfred Eigen: the realization of his vision of Biophysical Chemistry

Manfred Eigen turned 90 on May 9th, 2017. He celebrated with a small group of colleagues and friends on behalf of the many inspired by him over his lifetime—whether scientists, artists, or philosophers. A small group of friends, because many—who by their breakthroughs have changed the face of science in different research areas—have already died. But it was a special day, devoted...

Fractal analysis of lateral movement in biomembranes

Lateral movement of a molecule in a biomembrane containing small compartments (0.23-μm diameter) and large ones (0.75 μm) is analyzed using a fractal description of its walk. The early time dependence of the mean square displacement varies from linear due to the contribution of ballistic motion. In small compartments, walking molecules do not have sufficient time or space to...

Gold nanoparticles with patterned surface monolayers for nanomedicine: current perspectives

Molecular self-assembly is a topic attracting intense scientific interest. Various strategies have been developed for construction of molecular aggregates with rationally designed properties, geometries, and dimensions that promise to provide solutions to both theoretical and practical problems in areas such as drug delivery, medical diagnostics, and biosensors, to name but a few...

Mutagenesis of the NaChBac sodium channel discloses a functional role for a conserved S6 asparagine

Asparagine is conserved in the S6 transmembrane segments of all voltage-gated sodium, calcium, and TRP channels identified to date. A broad spectrum of channelopathies including cardiac arrhythmias, epilepsy, muscle diseases, and pain disorders is associated with its mutation. To investigate its effects on sodium channel functional properties, we mutated the simple prokaryotic...

Mitotic spindle: kinetochore fibers hold on tight to interpolar bundles

When a cell starts to divide, it forms a spindle, a micro-machine made of microtubules, which separates the duplicated chromosomes. The attachment of microtubules to chromosomes is mediated by kinetochores, protein complexes on the chromosome. Spindle microtubules can be divided into three major classes: kinetochore microtubules, which form k-fibers ending at the kinetochore...

Efflux drug transporters at the forefront of antimicrobial resistance

Bacterial antibiotic resistance is rapidly becoming a major world health consideration. To combat antibiotics, microorganisms employ their pre-existing defence mechanisms that existed long before man’s discovery of antibiotics. Bacteria utilise levels of protection that range from gene upregulation, mutations, adaptive resistance, and production of resistant phenotypes...