Gastroenterology Report

https://academic.oup.com/gastro

List of Papers (Total 269)

Design and rationale of a randomized–controlled trial of home-delivered meals for the management of symptomatic ascites: the SALTYFOOD trial

When patients with cirrhosis develop ascites, it is associated with sharply increased mortality and healthcare utilization with decreased quality of life. Dietary salt restriction is first-line therapy for ascites but it is limited by poor adherence.

Embolization of blood-supply artery followed by surgery for treatment of mesorectal Castleman’s disease: case report and literature review

A 23-year-old male patient was diagnosed as having a hypervascular pelvic mass by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance examination. A pathology puncture showed vitreous vascular Castleman’s disease. Because of concerns about tumor blood supply, embolization under digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed on the artery of the pelvic tumor before resection of the mass...

Bone marrow-derived CXCR4-overexpressing MSCs display increased homing to intestine and ameliorate colitis-associated tumorigenesis in mice

Increasing interest has developed in the therapeutic potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and IBD-induced cancer. However, whether MSCs have the ability to suppress or promote tumor development remains controversial. The stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1)/C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4...

Vedolizumab for chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis

Chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis (CARP) is a complication of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), which poses a therapeutic challenge. Vedolizumab, a gut-selective monoclonal antibody to the α4β7 of integrin, has been used in such patients, but data on its efficacy are limited. Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab as induction therapy in CARP patients.

Early colonoscopy in patients with acute diverticular bleeding is associated with improvement in healthcare-resource utilization

Diverticular bleeding (DB) is the most common cause of severe acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in developed countries. The role of early colonoscopy (<24 hours) continues to remain controversial and data on early colonoscopy in acute DB are scant. We aimed to evaluate the effect of timing of colonoscopy on outcomes in patients with acute DB using a nationwide inpatient...

Radiation-induced injury on surgical margins: a clue to anastomotic leakage after rectal-cancer resection with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy?

Few studies on anastomotic condition after rectal-cancer resection and its effect on anastomotic leakage (AL) are available up to now. This study aimed to investigate potential radiation-induced injury left on surgical margins of anterior resection after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) and its association with AL.

Risk factors for colorectal neoplasia in patients with underlying inflammatory bowel disease: a multicenter study

This study sought to evaluate the risk factors for the development of colitis-associated neoplasia (CAN) in Chinese patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Identification of molecular biomarkers for the diagnosis of gastric cancer and lymph-node metastasis

Biomarkers are important tools for prompt diagnosis of cancer. This study aimed to identify reliable biomarkers for clinical applications in the diagnosis of gastric cancer and lymph-node (LN) metastasis.

Evaluating the effectiveness of infliximab on perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease by magnetic resonance imaging

Data on the radiologic evaluation of perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease (PFCD) naïve to anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy are scarce, especially in Asian populations. We assessed the effectiveness of infliximab (IFX) on PFCD and explored predictors of ‘deep remission’ based on clinical and radiologic assessments.

International consensus on natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) for colorectal cancer

In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) in the treatment of colorectal cancer has attracted widespread attention. The potential benefits of NOSES including reduction in postoperative pain and wound complications, less use of postoperative analgesic, faster recovery of bowel function, shorter length of hospital stay, better cosmetic and psychological...

Fight them or feed them: how the intestinal mucus layer manages the gut microbiota

The intestinal tract is inhabited by a tremendous number of microorganisms, termed the gut microbiota. These microorganisms live in a mutualistic relationship with their host and assist in the degradation of complex carbohydrates. Although the gut microbiota is generally considered beneficial, the vast number of microbial cells also form a permanent threat to the host. Thus, the...

Cetirizine-induced hepatotoxicity: case series and review of the literature

Drug-induced liver damage is a frequently encountered clinical table caused by many drugs. Cetirizine is a widely preferred and prescribed antihistaminic agent for allergic disorders due to its non-sedative properties. In view of the literature, we present four cases of hepatotoxicity due to cetirizine use. We conclude that in patients with high levels of liver enzymes of unknown...

Spontaneous rupture of intrahepatic pseudocyst into the inferior vena cava

We present an extremely rare case of caudate lobe intrahepatic pancreatic pseudocyst with spontaneous rupture into the inferior vena cava (IVC). A 58-year-old male, a chronic alcoholic, presented with features of pancreatitis for which imaging was done. Ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography were carried out, which revealed intrahepatic pancreatic pseudocyst in the...

Three-cavity clearance (TCC) can decrease the fistula rate after drainage of a perianal abscess: a case–control study

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of three-cavity clearance (TCC) used for the treatment of perianal abscess.

The added clinical value of performing CT colonography in patients with obstructing colorectal carcinoma

A small percentage of incomplete optical colonoscopies (OCs) are the result of an obstructing tumor. According to current guidelines, CT colonography (CTC) is performed to prevent missing a synchronous tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate how frequently a synchronous tumor was found on CTC and how often this led to a change in the surgical plan.

Oxaliplatin-containing adjuvant chemotherapy improves the survival of locally advanced rectal cancer patients with pathological complete response after pre-operative chemoradiotherapy

The necessity for adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients who achieve pathological complete response (pCR) after pre-operative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is still not identified. We aimed to investigate the therapeutic value of ACT in these patients.

Incidence and risk factors for incisional surgical site infection in patients with Crohn’s disease undergoing bowel resection

Patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) are often reported to be at a high risk for incisional surgical site infection (SSI). The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with post-operative incisional SSI in CD patients after bowel resection.

Vedolizumab in the treatment of Crohn’s disease of the pouch

Our recent study showed the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab in the treatment of chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis. However, there are no published studies on its efficacy and safety in Crohn’s disease (CD) of the pouch. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab in those patients.

Gender, medication use and other factors associated with esophageal motility disorders in non-obstructive dysphagia

High-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) is the diagnostic test of choice for evaluation of non-obstructive dysphagia. Studies regarding the predictors of esophageal dysmotility are limited. Therefore, our aim was to study the prevalence of and factors associated with esophageal motility disorders in patients with non-obstructive dysphagia.

Inflammatory caspase-related pyroptosis: mechanism, regulation and therapeutic potential for inflammatory bowel disease

As an essential part of programmed cell death, pyroptosis is an inflammatory response that is elicited upon infection by intracellular pathogens. Metabolic diseases, atherosclerosis and vital organ damage occur if pyroptosis is over-activated. Macrophages are the main cells that induce pyroptosis with the help of intracellular pattern-recognition receptors stimulated by danger...