LIPICS - Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics

http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/institut_lipics.php

List of Papers (Total 5,996)

From Graph Theory to Network Science: The Natural Emergence of Hyperbolicity

Network science is driven by the question which properties large real-world networks have and how we can exploit them algorithmically. In the past few years, hyperbolic graphs have emerged as a very promising model for scale-free networks. The connection between hyperbolic geometry and complex networks gives insights in both directions: (1) Hyperbolic geometry forms the basis of...

Fine-Grained Complexity Theory

Suppose the fastest algorithm that we can design for some problem runs in time O(n^2). However, we want to solve the problem on big data inputs, for which quadratic time is impractically slow. We can keep searching for a faster algorithm, but maybe none exists. Is there any reasoning that provides evidence against significantly faster algorithms, and thus allows us to stop...

Algorithmic Data Science

The area of algorithmic data science provides new opportunities for researchers in the algorithmic community. In this paper we will see examples that demonstrate that algorithm engineering is the perfect basis for algorithmic data science. But there are also many open interesting questions for purely theoretically interested computer scientists. In my opinion, these opportunities...

The Many Facets of String Transducers

Regular word transductions extend the robust notion of regular languages from a qualitative to a quantitative reasoning. They were already considered in early papers of formal language theory, but turned out to be much more challenging. The last decade brought considerable research around various transducer models, aiming to achieve similar robustness as for automata and...

Computational Complexity and Partition Functions

This paper is an extended abstract of my STACS 2019 talk "Computational Complexity and Partition Functions".

The PACE 2018 Parameterized Algorithms and Computational Experiments Challenge: The Third Iteration

The Program Committee of the Third Parameterized Algorithms and Computational Experiments challenge (PACE 2018) reports on the third iteration of the PACE challenge. This year, all three tracks were dedicated to solve the Steiner Tree problem, in which, given an edge-weighted graph and a subset of its vertices called terminals, one has to find a minimum-weight subgraph which...

A Strongly-Uniform Slicewise Polynomial-Time Algorithm for the Embedded Planar Diameter Improvement Problem

In the embedded planar diameter improvement problem (EPDI) we are given a graph G embedded in the plane and a positive integer d. The goal is to determine whether one can add edges to the planar embedding of G in such a way that planarity is preserved and in such a way that the resulting graph has diameter at most d. Using non-constructive techniques derived from Robertson and...

Counting Induced Subgraphs: A Topological Approach to #W[1]-hardness

We investigate the problem #{IndSub}(Phi) of counting all induced subgraphs of size k in a graph G that satisfy a given property Phi. This continues the work of Jerrum and Meeks who proved the problem to be #{W[1]}-hard for some families of properties which include, among others, (dis)connectedness [JCSS 15] and even- or oddness of the number of edges [Combinatorica 17]. Using...

Resolving Conflicts for Lower-Bounded Clustering

This paper considers the effect of non-metric distances for lower-bounded clustering, i.e., the problem of computing a partition for a given set of objects with pairwise distance, such that each set has a certain minimum cardinality (as required for anonymisation or balanced facility location problems). We discuss lower-bounded clustering with the objective to minimise the...

Solving Target Set Selection with Bounded Thresholds Faster than 2^n

In this paper we consider the Target Set Selection problem. The problem naturally arises in many fields like economy, sociology, medicine. In the Target Set Selection problem one is given a graph G with a function thr: V(G) -> N cup {0} and integers k, l. The goal of the problem is to activate at most k vertices initially so that at the end of the activation process there is at...

Integer Programming in Parameterized Complexity: Three Miniatures

Powerful results from the theory of integer programming have recently led to substantial advances in parameterized complexity. However, our perception is that, except for Lenstra's algorithm for solving integer linear programming in fixed dimension, there is still little understanding in the parameterized complexity community of the strengths and limitations of the available...

Subset Feedback Vertex Set on Graphs of Bounded Independent Set Size

The (Weighted) Subset Feedback Vertex Set problem is a generalization of the classical Feedback Vertex Set problem and asks for a vertex set of minimum (weight) size that intersects all cycles containing a vertex of a predescribed set of vertices. Although the two problems exhibit different computational complexity on split graphs, no similar characterization is known on other...

Matching Cut: Kernelization, Single-Exponential Time FPT, and Exact Exponential Algorithms

In a graph, a matching cut is an edge cut that is a matching. Matching Cut, which is known to be NP-complete, is the problem of deciding whether or not a given graph G has a matching cut. In this paper we show that Matching Cut admits a quadratic-vertex kernel for the parameter distance to cluster and a linear-vertex kernel for the parameter distance to clique. We further provide...

Multi-Budgeted Directed Cuts

In this paper, we study multi-budgeted variants of the classic minimum cut problem and graph separation problems that turned out to be important in parameterized complexity: Skew Multicut and Directed Feedback Arc Set. In our generalization, we assign colors 1,2,...,l to some edges and give separate budgets k_1,k_2,...,k_l for colors 1,2,...,l. For every color i in {1,...,l}, let...

Parameterized Leaf Power Recognition via Embedding into Graph Products

The k-leaf power graph G of a tree T is a graph whose vertices are the leaves of T and whose edges connect pairs of leaves at unweighted distance at most k in T. Recognition of the k-leaf power graphs for k >= 6 is still an open problem. In this paper, we provide an algorithm for this problem for sparse leaf power graphs. Our result shows that the problem of recognizing these...

Exploring the Kernelization Borders for Hitting Cycles

A generalization of classical cycle hitting problems, called conflict version of the problem, is defined as follows. An input is undirected graphs G and H on the same vertex set, and a positive integer k, and the objective is to decide whether there exists a vertex subset X subseteq V(G) such that it intersects all desired "cycles" (all cycles or all odd cycles or all even cycles...

Dual Parameterization of Weighted Coloring

Given a graph G, a proper k-coloring of G is a partition c = (S_i)_{i in [1,k]} of V(G) into k stable sets S_1,..., S_k. Given a weight function w: V(G) -> R^+, the weight of a color S_i is defined as w(i) = max_{v in S_i} w(v) and the weight of a coloring c as w(c) = sum_{i=1}^{k} w(i). Guan and Zhu [Inf. Process. Lett., 1997] defined the weighted chromatic number of a pair (G,w...

The Parameterized Complexity of Finding Point Sets with Hereditary Properties

We consider problems where the input is a set of points in the plane and an integer k, and the task is to find a subset S of the input points of size k such that S satisfies some property. We focus on properties that depend only on the order type of the points and are monotone under point removals. We exhibit a property defined by three forbidden patterns for which finding a k...

On the Distance Identifying Set Meta-Problem and Applications to the Complexity of Identifying Problems on Graphs

Numerous problems consisting in identifying vertices in graphs using distances are useful in domains such as network verification and graph isomorphism. Unifying them into a meta-problem may be of main interest. We introduce here a promising solution named Distance Identifying Set. The model contains Identifying Code (IC), Locating Dominating Set (LD) and their generalizations r...

The Parameterised Complexity of Computing the Maximum Modularity of a Graph

The maximum modularity of a graph is a parameter widely used to describe the level of clustering or community structure in a network. Determining the maximum modularity of a graph is known to be NP-complete in general, and in practice a range of heuristics are used to construct partitions of the vertex-set which give lower bounds on the maximum modularity but without any...

Parameterized Complexity of Multi-Node Hubs

Hubs are high-degree nodes within a network. The examination of the emergence and centrality of hubs lies at the heart of many studies of complex networks such as telecommunication networks, biological networks, social networks and semantic networks. Furthermore, identifying and allocating hubs are routine tasks in applications. In this paper, we do not seek a hub that is a...

Generalized Distance Domination Problems and Their Complexity on Graphs of Bounded mim-width

We generalize the family of (sigma, rho)-problems and locally checkable vertex partition problems to their distance versions, which naturally captures well-known problems such as distance-r dominating set and distance-r independent set. We show that these distance problems are XP parameterized by the structural parameter mim-width, and hence polynomial on graph classes where mim...

A Faster Tree-Decomposition Based Algorithm for Counting Linear Extensions

We consider the problem of counting the linear extensions of an n-element poset whose cover graph has treewidth at most t. We show that the problem can be solved in time O~(n^{t+3}), where O~ suppresses logarithmic factors. Our algorithm is based on fast multiplication of multivariate polynomials, and so differs radically from a previous O~(n^{t+4})-time inclusion - exclusion...

Multivariate Analysis of Orthogonal Range Searching and Graph Distances

We show that the eccentricities, diameter, radius, and Wiener index of an undirected n-vertex graph with nonnegative edge lengths can be computed in time O(n * binom{k+ceil[log n]}{k} * 2^k k^2 log n), where k is the treewidth of the graph. For every epsilon>0, this bound is n^{1+epsilon}exp O(k), which matches a hardness result of Abboud, Vassilevska Williams, and Wang (SODA...

A Complexity Dichotomy for Hitting Small Planar Minors Parameterized by Treewidth

For a fixed graph H, we are interested in the parameterized complexity of the following problem, called {H}-M-Deletion, parameterized by the treewidth tw of the input graph: given an n-vertex graph G and an integer k, decide whether there exists S subseteq V(G) with |S| <= k such that G setminus S does not contain H as a minor. In previous work [IPEC, 2017] we proved that if H is...