History of Medicine Journal. The Russian Journal

https://hmj.pensoft.net/

List of Papers (Total 19)

The use of telemedicine in radiodiagnosis in the 1920–1980s

Abstract In 2017, amendments to the Federal legislation on health care were adopted, which confirmed the possibility of using telemedicine technologies within the health care system of the Russian Federation. Telemedicine has been successfully used for about 150 years. Since the advent of the first electronic telecommunications, the possibilities for their medical use have been...

Periodization of the origins of Transbaikal’s health care system

Abstract An attempt has been made to summarize the results of research into the emergence and establishment of the health care system in Transbaikal as a unified organizational and territorial structure. One of the system’s main goals was to provide the region’s population with accessible medical care. According to the author of the article, by overcoming the fragmentation...

The institutionalisation of military medical education in Russia in the period from the second half of the 17th century to the 1930s

Abstract This article looks at the institutionalisation of military medical education in Russia. The ongoing reforms to Russia’s armed forces have made the history of military medical education highly relevant. The reform process is complicated, and turning to history can help to avoid potentially serious mistakes: studying the experiences of previous generations helps to...

The formation of the elements of school health supervision in the Ryazan province in the period from 1864 to 1890

Abstract The article attempts to analyse the characteristics of the formation of the elements of school health supervision in the Ryazan province in the period from 1864 to 1890. Key takeaways from the establishment and development of elements of school health supervision in this region are identified. An analysis of documents from this period (congress reports, statistical...

Charles Bell as an illustrator of military trauma (1809 and 1815)

The article analyses paintings of wounded patients created by Scottish anatomist, neurologist, practicing surgeon and artist Charles Bell – graphic sketches in travel sketchbooks, paintings (1809) and watercolours (1815). His works provide a representation of the structure of wounds suffered during battle. The article compares 15 paintings from “The Wounded following the Battle...

The social and legal status of physicians in the late Roman Empire

An analysis of the social and political status of physicians in the late Roman Empire is presented. The article examines the evolution of perceptions of the social standing of physicians from the late Republic to the Late Antiquity. The work sheds light on the financial and legal status of physicians and their families, the peculiarities of the professional training of medical...

The origin and formation of the Transbaikal health care system

The current continuing outflow of valuable production forces and intellectual resources from Transbaikal has a negative impact on the socio-economic development of this border area. A retrospective analysis of the health care system provided to the Russian population living in remote areas demonstrates that not all formative stages of the health care system in Transbaikal were...

On the history of teaching the course of military field surgery in Russia

A modern military physician can perform their duties at a high professional level only when they are au fait with a complex of military medical disciplines, such as military field surgery, military hygiene, organisation and tactics of medical service and some others, along with general medical knowledge. Back in his time, our great fellow countryman N.I. Pirogov described war as...

The Echo of the Khabarovsk Trials: The USSR and the Allegation Campaign against the USA of Using Biological Warfare during the Korean War (1950–1953)

During the Korean War (1950–1953), China and North Korea accused the US of waging bacteriological warfare, including the use of biological weapons developed Japanese war criminals from Unit 731, who had been convicted during the Khabarovsk Trials in 1949. The Soviet Union did not immediately join in the allegation campaign against the Allies, with the Soviet Foreign Ministry...

On the issue of methods and methodology of exhibiting in a medical museum

This paper analyses ways in which traumatic material has been displayed in medical exhibitions and the use of age restrictions in museums. Museum workers face the difficult task of exhibiting material that could be psychologically traumatic for certain visitors, and this is particularly the case for medical museums, given that the raison d’être of medicine is to fight diseases...

On the history of health care in Turkestan and the Caucasus: episodes from Doctor Zeynab Tambiyeva’s biography

Based on the analysis of available publications and using archival materials, an attempt has been made to present the main periods in the life and work of Z.S. Tambiyeva, one of the first women to work as a doctor in the national regions of the Russian Empire. Specificities inherent to the provision of medical care for the peoples of the Muslim regions and important moments in...

On the history of medical risk

This article reviews the main approaches to the interpretation of the term “risk”, which has acquired the status of a general scientific and widely interpreted concept. The unresolved issues of surgical risk terminology make it extremely difficult to solve the problem of perioperative prognosis at the narrow professional (medical) level. The author considers the problem of...

Features of the formation of the health care system in Transbaikal during the period of the Far Eastern Republic

The formation of the health care system in Transbaikal after the revolution of 1917–1918 had a number of essential features that will be covered in this paper. In 1919, the organization of medical care in Transbaikal retained its pre-revolutionary structure. In connection with the tense political situation in eastern Russia and the serious danger of a military conflict with Japan...

To the biography of N.A. Semashko: on the work of the first People’s Commissar of Health in 1920–1925

The article deals with the main turning points in the life and work of N.A. Semashko, the first People’s Commissar of Health of the RSFSR, from 1920 to 1925. The authors of the article proceed from the fact that the historical and biographical data available about Semashko are interpreted according to ideologically tinted stereotypes that were formed in the Soviet historiographic...

On issues concerning the European syphilis epidemic of the late 15th to early 16th centuries

Syphilis is one of the most common and significant diseases among sexually transmitted infections. Despite prolonged study of the disease, a number of questions concerning its pathogenesis, particular features of its clinical progression and also its origin remain the subject of discussion to the present day. Until now, there has been no single point of view on the cause of the...

Foreign medical personnel and formations in the Russian army during World War I

Using materials from the archives of the Russian Red Cross Society (RRCS) and the official Vedomosti Krasnogo Kresta (Red Cross Gazette) periodical for 1914–1917, it is shown that international charity activity provided important assistance in the work of the RRCS in providing medical assistance to the wounded and sick Russian soldiers. The support received by the RRCS from the...

Medicine during World War I: Commission for the revision of sanitary and medical supply standards of the Russian army (1915–1917)

The lessons learned from the last wars of the second half of the 19th to early 20th centuries influenced the organization of the troop command and control. The latest inventions, mass outbreaks of infectious diseases among the troops and the population of countries at war, as well as a number of other factors, led to changes in army management mechanisms. Given the experience...

What do we know about Erasistratus? Part 3

Abstract The writings of Galen are an important source of information about Erasistratus. A comprehensive analysis of this source material provides an idea of Erasistratus’s and his followers’ approaches to solving practical problems of clinical medicine. The article’s author cites arguments confirming that Erasistratus’s clinical practice, the basis of which was the natural...

Public resistance against the anti-schistosomiasis campaign of the 1950–1960s in China

Abstract This article examines the anti-schistosomiasis campaign of the 1950–1960s from a new perspective, based on three historical sources from the central and local governments: the People’s Daily, Xuefangshi (anti-schistosomiasis records) and the learning documents from a brigade of Hubei province of 1964. The main impetus for eradicating schistosomiasis was to increase...