Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

https://link.springer.com/journal/127

List of Papers (Total 314)

The association between early-onset schizophrenia with employment, income, education, and cohabitation status: nationwide study with 35 years of follow-up

PurposeIndividuals with schizophrenia have been reported to have low employment rates. We examined the associations of schizophrenia with employment, income, and status of cohabitation from a work life course perspective.MethodsNationwide cohort study including all individuals (n = 2,390,127) born in Denmark between 1955 and 1991, who were alive at their 25th birthday. Diagnosis...

Identifying typologies among persons admitted to hospital for non-fatal intentional self-harm in Victoria, Australia

PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine whether people who have been hospitalised as the result of non-fatal self-harm form meaningful groups based on mechanism of injury, and demographic and mental health-related factors.MethodsA retrospective analysis of 18,103 hospital admissions for self-harm in Victoria, Australia over the 3-year period 2014/2015–2016/2017 recorded on...

Evidence for interaction between genetic liability and childhood trauma in the development of psychotic symptoms

PurposeWhilst childhood trauma (CT) is a known risk factor across the spectrum of psychosis expression, little is known about possible interplay with genetic liability.MethodsThe TwinssCan Study collected data in general population twins, focussing on expression of psychosis at the level of subthreshold psychotic experiences. A multilevel mixed-effects linear regression analysis...

Adult mood problems in children with neurodevelopmental problems: evidence from a prospective birth cohort followed to age 50

PurposeSpecific child neurodevelopmental (ND) disorders such as ADHD and learning problems are associated with concurrent and future (up to early adulthood) mood problems. However, it is unclear whether findings generalise to population traits as well as diagnoses, to general as well as specific neurodevelopmental domains, and whether risk associations extend to later adulthood...

Sick leave due to mental disorders, morbidity and mortality: a prospective study of discordant twin pairs

PurposeTo investigate if sick leave due to mental disorders increases the risk of morbidity measured by inpatient and specialized outpatient care, and mortality among women and men, independent of familial factors.MethodsAn open cohort study of 4979 twin pairs discordant for sick leave due to mental disorders was conducted in 2005–2013. Twins were followed up in the cause of...

Small area deprivation and stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness: a multilevel analysis of Health Survey for England (2014) data

PurposeThe aim of this study was to explore how small area deprivation is associated with attitudes towards mental illness in a large sample of individuals living in private households in England.MethodCross-sectional data from Health Survey for England (2014) were analysed using multilevel models. The exposure of interest was the deprivation level of the small area in which an...

Food insecurity and work impairment in people with severe mental disorders in a rural district of Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey

PurposeIn this study, we aimed to identify factors associated with severe food insecurity and work impairment in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) in a rural African setting, with a view to identifying potential areas for intervention.MethodsA community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Sodo district, south central Ethiopia. Key informant-identified people...

Changes in income-related inequalities of depression prevalence in China: a longitudinal, population study

PurposeThis study aimed to measure the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms and its trends among middle-aged and elderly people in China.MethodsData were extracted from the 2011 baseline and 2015 follow-up of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), a nationally representative survey for people aged 45 years and more. Depressive symptoms were...

A systematic review of interventions aimed at improving the cardiovascular health of people diagnosed with personality disorders

PurposePeople with personality disorders have significantly reduced life expectancy and increased rates of cardiovascular disease compared to members of the general population. Given that more people die annually of cardiovascular disease across the globe than from any other cause, it is important to identify the evidence for interventions aimed at improving cardiovascular health...

An updated picture of the mental health needs of male and female prisoners in the UK: prevalence, comorbidity, and gender differences

PurposeEpidemiological data on the mental health needs of prisoners are essential for the organisation, planning, and delivery of services for this population as well as for informing policy and practice. Recent reports by the National Audit Office and NICE call for new research to provide an updated picture of the mental health needs of men and women in prison in the UK. This...

Evidence of concurrent and prospective associations between early maltreatment and ADHD through childhood and adolescence

PurposeAn emerging body of work suggests a link between childhood maltreatment and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, research examining the role of maltreatment in the early course of the disorder lacks robust evidence from longitudinal studies. Our aim was to examine concurrent and prospective associations between maltreatment experiences and ADHD...

The longitudinal relationship of alcohol problems and depressive symptoms and the impact of externalising symptoms: findings from the Belfast Youth Developmental Study

PurposeThe aim of the present study was to contribute to the inconsistent literature on the comorbid relationship of alcohol problems and depressive symptoms from late adolescent to emerging adulthood by accounting for their trajectories and their conjoint relationship while controlling for the influence of externalising symptoms.MethodsWe utilised data, from a longitudinal...

The association of time since spousal loss and depression in widowhood: a systematic review and meta-analysis

PurposeTo conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the association of the prevalence of depression and time since spousal loss in widowed people.MethodsThe databases MEDLINE, Embase and PsycInfo were searched (May 2017) for papers reporting on time since spousal loss in widowed people and the prevalence of common mental disorders. A systematic review was conducted...

Differential associations between psychosocial stress and obesity among Ghanaians in Europe and in Ghana: findings from the RODAM study

PurposePsychosocial stress is associated with obesity in some populations, but it is unclear whether the association is related to migration. This study explored associations between psychosocial stress and obesity among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and non-migrant Ghanaians in Ghana.MethodsCross-sectional data from the RODAM study were used, including 5898 Ghanaians residing in...

Improving mental health pathways and care for adolescents in transition to adult services (IMPACT): a retrospective case note review of social and clinical determinants of transition

BackgroundPoor transitions to adult care from child and adolescent mental health services may increase the risk of disengagement and long-term negative outcomes. However, studies of transitions in mental health care are commonly difficult to administer and little is known about the determinants of successful transition. The persistence of health inequalities related to access...

Course of perinatal depressive symptoms among South African women: associations with child outcomes at 18 and 36 months

PurposeLatent modelling was used to identify trajectories of depressive symptoms among low-income perinatal women in South Africa. Predictors of trajectories and the association of trajectories with child outcomes were assessed.MethodsThis is a secondary analysis of data collected among women living in Cape Town settlements (N = 446). Participants were eligible if pregnant and 18...

Socioeconomic position and suicidal behaviour in rural Sri Lanka: a prospective cohort study of 168,000+ people

PurposeLower socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in high income countries, but this association is not established in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).MethodsWe investigated the association of SEP with suicidal behaviour in a prospective cohort study of 168,771 Sri Lankans followed up for episodes of attempted suicide and...

Academic performance, externalizing disorders and depression: 26,000 adolescents followed into adulthood

BackgroundThe incidence of major depression among adults has been shown to be socially differentiated, and there are reasons to seek explanations for this before adulthood. In this cohort study, we examined whether academic performance in adolescence predicts depression in adulthood, and the extent to which externalizing disorders explain this association.MethodsWe followed 26...

Major depression and household food insecurity among individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in South Africa

PurposeHousehold food insecurity in South Africa is a pervasive public health challenge. Although its link to chronic health conditions is well established, its relationship to mental illness, particularly major depression, is not well-understood. Despite KwaZulu-Natal Province being the epicenter of the drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) epidemic, and having the largest share...

Recognising autism: a latent transition analysis of parental reports of child autistic spectrum disorder ‘red flag’ traits before and after age 3

PurposeIt has been proposed that parents should be educated about child autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) ‘red flag’ traits to help professionals identify and address concerning behaviours as early as possible. This study aimed to empirically demonstrate that established/recognised ‘red flag’ traits in the first 3 years of life would reliably predict ASD risk severity in later...

Recovery and economy; salary and allowances: a 10-year follow-up of income for persons diagnosed with first-time psychosis

PurposePersons with severe mental health problems (SMHP) point out financial strain as one of their main problems. De-institutionalisation in welfare countries has aimed at normalisation of their living conditions. The aim of the study was to follow the changes in income and source of income during a 10-year period for persons with a first-time psychosis diagnosis (FTPD...

Psychological well-being and mortality: longitudinal findings from Lithuanian middle-aged and older adults study

BackgroundThe study aimed to examine whether after confounding by possible socio-demographic and other risk factors, psychological well-being is independently associated with reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.MethodsInitial data were collected within the framework of the international project HAPIEE in 2006–2008. A random sample of 7115 individuals aged 45–72 years...

Low-level cognitive ability in young adulthood and other risk factors of depression in an observational cohort study among deployed Danish soldiers

PurposeEvidence exists of an association between pre-morbid lower cognitive ability and higher risk of hospitalization for depressive disorder in civilian cohorts. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of cognitive ability at conscription with post-deployment depression and the influence of (1) baseline factors: age, gender, and pre-deployment educational...

India’s response to adolescent mental health: a policy review and stakeholder analysis

PurposeMental health problems and suicide are the leading cause of mortality in young people globally. India is home to the largest number of adolescents in the world. This study was undertaken to assess the policy environment for addressing adolescent mental health in India.MethodsWe conducted a review of 6 policies and programs and 11 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders...

Mental health and quality of life among asylum seekers and refugees living in refugee housing facilities in Sweden

IntroductionIn 2015, there was a high influx of refugees to Sweden, creating an extreme situation where individuals were forced to remain in large housing facilities for long periods. The present study aims to describe the mental health and quality of life of these individuals.MethodsData, based on 510 individuals, were obtained by means of a questionnaire at open screenings...