Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/127

List of Papers (Total 291)

Recovery and economy; salary and allowances: a 10-year follow-up of income for persons diagnosed with first-time psychosis

PurposePersons with severe mental health problems (SMHP) point out financial strain as one of their main problems. De-institutionalisation in welfare countries has aimed at normalisation of their living conditions. The aim of the study was to follow the changes in income and source of income during a 10-year period for persons with a first-time psychosis diagnosis (FTPD...

Low-level cognitive ability in young adulthood and other risk factors of depression in an observational cohort study among deployed Danish soldiers

PurposeEvidence exists of an association between pre-morbid lower cognitive ability and higher risk of hospitalization for depressive disorder in civilian cohorts. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of cognitive ability at conscription with post-deployment depression and the influence of (1) baseline factors: age, gender, and pre-deployment educational...

India’s response to adolescent mental health: a policy review and stakeholder analysis

PurposeMental health problems and suicide are the leading cause of mortality in young people globally. India is home to the largest number of adolescents in the world. This study was undertaken to assess the policy environment for addressing adolescent mental health in India.MethodsWe conducted a review of 6 policies and programs and 11 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders...

Mental health and quality of life among asylum seekers and refugees living in refugee housing facilities in Sweden

IntroductionIn 2015, there was a high influx of refugees to Sweden, creating an extreme situation where individuals were forced to remain in large housing facilities for long periods. The present study aims to describe the mental health and quality of life of these individuals.MethodsData, based on 510 individuals, were obtained by means of a questionnaire at open screenings...

Prevalence of anxiety disorders and symptoms in people with hearing impairment: a systematic review

PurposeAnxiety disorders are common. Prevalence is likely to be raised in people with hearing impairment, who experience higher rates of associated risk factors. We conducted, to our knowledge, the first systematic review of the prevalence and correlates of anxiety in people with hearing impairment.MethodsWe searched electronic databases and references of included studies, using...

Factors associated with regular physical activity participation among people with severe mental ill health

PurposePeople with severe mental ill health (SMI) are less physically active and more sedentary than the general population. There is limited research investigating the correlates of physical activity (PA) in people with SMI impeding the development of successful interventions. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with regular participation of PA among a large sample...

Determinants of multidimensional mental wellbeing in the oldest old: a rapid review

PurposeImproved life expectancy imposes new challenges for policy-makers. The growing oldest-old age group (defined as 80 and over) is often characterised by increased support needs. Greater attention to wellbeing in this population group is necessary, and may well require a shift in social policy focus. The current review seeks to explore current research on determinants of...

Psychometric validation of the self-identification of having a mental illness (SELF-I) scale and the relationship with stigma and help-seeking among young people

PurposeSelf-identification of having a mental illness has been shown to be an important factor underpinning help-seeking behaviour and may mediate the relationship between personal stigma and mental health service use. This study validates a new scale for the self-identification of having a mental illness among a non-clinical, community cohort of young people in the UK...

Implementing an intervention designed to enhance service user involvement in mental health care planning: a qualitative process evaluation

PurposeShared decision-making (SDM) and the wider elements of intersecting professional and lay practices are seen as necessary components in the implementation of mental health interventions. A randomised controlled trial of a user- and carer-informed training package in the United Kingdom to enhance SDM in care planning in secondary mental health care settings showed no effect...

Girls get by with a little help from their friends: gender differences in protective effects of social support for psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents

PurposeTo investigate whether social support is protective for psychotic experiences similarly among poly-victimised adolescent girls and boys.MethodsWe utilised data from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally-representative sample of 2232 UK-born twins. Participants were privately interviewed at age 18 about victimisation, psychotic experiences...

Non-fatal self-harm in Scottish military veterans: a retrospective cohort study of 57,000 veterans and 173,000 matched non-veterans

PurposeAlthough suicide risk in veterans has been widely studied, there is little information on the risk of non-fatal self-harm in this population. We used data from the Scottish Veterans Health Study to conduct an epidemiological analysis of self-harm in veterans, in comparison with people who have never served.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective, 30-year cohort study of 56,205...

Pathways to mental health services for young people: a systematic review

PurposeWhile early access to appropriate care can minimise the sequelae of mental illnesses, little is known about how youths come to access mental healthcare. We therefore conducted a systematic review to synthesise literature on the pathways to care of youths across a range of mental health problems.MethodsStudies were identified through searches of electronic databases...

Measuring attitudes towards mental health using social media: investigating stigma and trivialisation

BackgroundThere are numerous campaigns targeting mental health stigma. However, evaluating how effective these are in changing perceptions is complex. Social media may be used to assess stigma levels and highlight new trends. This study uses a social media platform, Twitter, to investigate stigmatising and trivialising attitudes across a range of mental and physical health...

Depression among the general adult population in Jiangsu Province of China: prevalence, associated factors and impacts

PurposeThis study aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and to investigate its associated factors and impacts on daily life functioning among the general adult population in Jiangsu Province of China.MethodsAs part of the Jiangsu Provincial Survey on Chronic Disease and Behavioural Risk Factors (2010), a sample of 8400 community residents aged ≥ 18 years were recruited...

Contribution of traumatic deployment experiences to the burden of mental health problems in Canadian Armed Forces personnel: exploration of population attributable fractions

PurposeMental health problems are prevalent after combat; they are also common in its absence. Estimates of deployment-attributability vary. This paper quantifies the contribution of different subtypes of occupational trauma to post-deployment mental health problems.MethodsParticipants were a cohort of 16,193 Canadian personnel undergoing post-deployment mental health screening...

Social networks and symptomatic and functional outcomes in schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

PurposeTo conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the strength of associations between social network size and clinical and functional outcomes in schizophrenia.MethodStudies were identified from a systematic search of electronic databases (EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) from January 1970 to June 2016. Eligible studies included peer-reviewed...

Participatory research: real or imagined

BackgroundParticipatory research has as a central tenet that power relations between researcher and researched be reduced. In the last 20 years, a substantial literature has demonstrated the difficulties inherent in this as well as the troublesome nature of certain central concepts.Aims(1) To describe and illustrate a new form of participatory research where the researchers share...

Symptomatic and functional recovery in depression in later life

ObjectivesFunctional limitations give an indication of the total impact of diseases, such as depression, on individuals health and recovery. This study examines the change in several domains of functioning over 2 years in older persons depressed at baseline (non-remitted group and remitted group after 2 years) and in a non-depressed comparison group.MethodsData were used from a...

Perceived neighbourhood social cohesion and depressive symptom trajectories in older adults: a 12-year prospective cohort study

PurposeTo model the dynamic age-related rate of change in depressive symptomatology in later life and to test the hypothesis that low perceived neighbourhood social cohesion is associated with steeper trajectories of depressive symptoms in older adults.MethodsWe analysed data on 11,037 participants aged 50+ from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Perceived social cohesion...

What is the process by which a decision to administer electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or not is made? A grounded theory informed study of the multi-disciplinary professionals involved

PurposeTo develop a grounded theory-informed model explaining the decision-making process professionals in multi-disciplinary teams go through in deciding whether to administer electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or not.MethodsA grounded theory informed methodology was used to analyse the data offered by ten participants who had all been involved in the process of deciding if someone...

Can risk assessment predict suicide in secondary mental healthcare? Findings from the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust Biomedical Research Centre (SLaM BRC) Case Register

PurposeThe predictive value of suicide risk assessment in secondary mental healthcare remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the extent to which clinical risk assessment ratings can predict suicide among people receiving secondary mental healthcare.MethodsRetrospective inception cohort study (n = 13,758) from the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM...