Journal of Chemistry

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jchem/

List of Papers (Total 6,309)

Effect of Benzyltrimethylammonium Ion as a Co-directing Agent on Phase Transitions in a Nanostructure Silica/Surfactant Composite

Effect of benzyltrimethylammonium ion as a co directing agent in phase transition from hexagonal to cubic and lamellar mesophases was studied in the constant pH at 130 °C. This phase transformation was carried out in constant surface charge and pore size distribution (2 nm). Influence of BTMA

Novel Surface Coating System Based on Maleated Shellac

Shellac a natural forest product was reacted with various proportion of maleic anhydride. The resulted maleated shellac samples were designated as (MS-1 to 3) and applied for the preparation of surface coating material. Thus various compositions of coating materials were prepared by varying the contents of MS and commercial grades of acrylic resins (AR). The coating materials...

A New Ritodrine Selective Electrode and its Pharmaceutical Application

A novel ritodrine hydrochloride ion-selective PVC membrane electrode based on ion-pair complex of ritodrine-tetra phenyl borate was prepared with di-n-butyl phosphate as a plasticizer. The influences of membrane composition, temperature, pH of the test solution and foreign ions on the electrode performance were investigated. The electrode showed a Nernstian response over a wide...

Development and Validation of a Derivative Spectrophotometric Method for Simultaneous Determination of Simvastatin and Ezetimibe

A combination of simvastatin and ezetimibe with complementary mechanisms of action is used for treating high levels of cholesterol in the blood. The aim of this study was to develop a rapid and sensitive derivative spectrophotometric method for analysis of these drugs in combined dosage forms. A first order derivative spectrophotometric method was developed for simultaneous...

Synthesis, Spectral and Magnetic Studies of Newly Mixed-Ligand Complexes of 4-Formyl-Acetanilide Thiosemicarbazone and 3,4-Dihydrocinnamic Acid with Some Metal Ions

New complexes with thiosemicarbazone derivative and 3, 4-dihydrocinnamic acid were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, determination of metal, IR, 1H NMR, electronic spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. The thiosemicarbazone derivative forms bidentate ligand complexes of the general formula, [M(Thz)(Caf)] where Thz = 4-formyl- acetanilide thiosemicarbazone, Caf...

Kinetics of Oxidation of 3-Benzoylpropionic Acid by N-Chlorobenzamide in Aqueous Acetic Acid Medium

The kinetics of oxidation of 3-benzoylpropionic acid (KA) by N-chlorobenzamide (NCB) in aqueous acetic acid medium in the presence of perchloric acid have been investigated. The observed rate of oxidation is first order dependence each in [KA], [NCB] and [H

Synthesis and In Vitro Cytotoxic Activity of 2-Amino-7-(dimethylamino)-4-[(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4H-chromenes

Three 2-amino-4-(trifluoromethylphenyl)-3-cyano-7-(dimethylamino) -4H-chromene derivatives were synthesized and their cytotoxic activities were determined against six human tumor cell lines using MTT assay. Condensation of 3-(dimethylamino)phenol, trifluoromethybenzaldehydes and malonitrile in ethanol containing piperidine afforded corresponding chromenes (4a-c). The structure of...

Synthesis, Characterization and Printing Application of Solvent Dyes Based on 2-Hydroxy-4-n-octyloxybenzophenone

Solvent dyes have been prepared by the coupling of diazo solution of different aromatic amines with 2-hydroxy-4-n-octyloxybenzophenone. The resultant dyes were characterized by elemental analysis as well as IR and 1H NMR spectral studies. The UV-Visible spectral data have also been discussed in terms of structure property relationship. The printing of all the dyes on cotton fiber...

Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity ofSome New Thioether Derivatives of Quinoxaline

2-Chloro-3-methylquinoxaline was selected as nucleus around which the molecular manipulations were carried out to get new compounds expected to possess better anti microbial activity. Various quinoxaline derivatives have been synthesized by replacing the chlorine at C-2 with a thioether linkage, which in turn attached to 2-(N-(substituted phenyl)acetamides. The synthesized...

Synthesis of Some New Benzimidazole Derivatives of Pharmaceutical Interest

Reaction of 2-(aminomethyl)benzimidazole dihydrochloride (1) with ethyl acetoacetate was studied to give diazepinone-benzimidazole derivative (2), while, treatment of 1 with phenylhydrazono ethylacetoacetate afforded phenylhydrazino diazepinone derivative (3). On the other hand, reaction of 1 with acetyl acetone resulted in the formation of diazepine derivative (4). The reaction...

Removal of Erichrome Black T from Synthetic Wastewater by Cotton Waste

Adsorptions of Erichrome Black T dye in aqueous solution on cotton stem activated carbon have been studied as a function of contact time, concentration and pH. Effect of various experimental parameters has been investigated at 39±1 °C under batch adsorption technique. The result shows that cotton stem activated carbon adsorbs dye to a sufficient extent. The physicochemical...

Electro-organic Nuclear Oxidation: Methoxylation of Aromatic Compounds at Platinum Electrode

The anodic oxidation of aromatic compounds was carried out at controlled potential in the non aqueous methanol-KOH system for the purpose of investigating this type of anodic reaction as a new possible synthetic method. The electroorganic nuclear oxidation was carried out at controlled potential electrolysis in a conventional three electrode cell assembly with platinum plate...

Determination of Valdecoxib in Human Plasma Using Reverse Phase HPLC

An RP-HPLC analytical method for estimation of valdecoxib in human plasma was developed and validated. Protein precipitation and valdecoxib extraction from plasma (200 μL) was carried out by adding 800 μL perchloric acid (5%, v/v in water) containing nimesulide as the internal standard followed by vortex mixing and centrifugation. The supernatant (20 μL) was then injected onto an...

Combination of First Derivative Spectrophotometry and H-Point Standard Addition Method for Simultaneous Determination of Guaifenesin and Theophylline in Cough Syrup

Combination of first derivative spectrophotometric and H-point standard addition method (HPSAM) has been applied for simultaneous determination of guaifenesin and theophylline. First derivative signals at the two pairs of wavelengths, 282.0-290.2 nm and 277.4-287.8 nm were monitored with the addition of standard solutions of both guaifenesin and theophylline in the ratio of 1:1...

Simultaneous Determination of Paracetamol, Chlorzoxazone and Diclofenac Sodium in Tablet Dosage Form by High Performance Liquid Chromatography

A simple, precise and rapid isocratic reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous determination of paracetamol, chlorzoxazone and diclofenac sodium from tablet dosage form. The chromatographic separation was performed on an inertsil C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm i.d 5 µm particle size). Mobile phase consisted of a mixture of...

Stability Studies of Transition Metal Chelates of 5-Bromosalicylidene-4-methoxyaniline andSalicylidene-2,3-dimethylaniline as Ligands

Binary and ternary complexes of the type M-Y and M-X-Y [M = Mn(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II); X = 5-bromosalicylidene-4-methoxyaniline and Y = salicylidene-2,3-dimethylaniline] have been examined pH-metrically at 27±0.5 °C and at constant ionic strength, μ = 0.1 M (KCl) in 75 : 25(v/v) 1,4-dioxne-water medium. The stability constants for binary (M-Y) and ternary (M-X-Y) systems...

Synthesis and Structural Studies of Some Inorganic Polymers of Succinoyl Carboxymethyl Cellulose

The inorganic polymers containing transition metals such as Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) were synthesized by using succinoyl carboxymethyl cellulose (SCMC) in aqueous media. The newly synthesized polymers were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, TG analysis, UV reflectance spectra and magnetic moment. On the basis of these studies, the composition...

Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterization of Lead(II)bis{O,O'-ditolyldithiophosphates} and their Adducts with 2,2'-Bipyridyl and 1,10-Phenanthroline

The reaction of lead(II) dichloride with ammonium salts of O,O'-ditolyldithiophosphoric acid have been carried out in 1:2 molar ratio by refluxing in benzene. These compounds have been further used to synthesize the adduct of the type lead(II)bis{O,O'-ditolyldithiophosphates}.2,2'-bipyridyl and lead(II)bis {O,O'-ditolyldithiophosphates}.1,10-phenanthroline by the reaction of lead...

Synthesis of Peracetylated β-D-Glucopyranosyl Thioureas from Substituted 2-Aminobenzo-1ʹ, 3ʹ-thiazoles

Some peracetylated glucopyranosyl thioureas containing a heterocyclic ring system, benzo-1,3-thiazole have been prepared by the condensation reaction of tetra-O-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl isothiocyanate and corresponding substituted 2-amino-(6-substituted)benzo-1,3-thiazoles. Investigated heating conditions showed that the solventless microwave-assisted method gave higher yields...

Determination of Nd3

A new coated wire electrode (CWE) using 5-(methylsulfanyl)-3-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole (MPT) as an ionophore has been developed as a neodymium ion-selective sensor. The sensor exhibits Nernstian response for the Nd3

Production of Oleic Acid Based Wax Ester Using Acidic Homogeneous Catalysts

Four homogeneous acidic catalysts were tested for their ability to catalyze the esterification reaction of oleic acid and oleyl alcohol to produce oleyl oleate, a wax ester. Sulfuric acid showed relatively higher specific activity. Various reaction parameters were optimised to obtain high percentage yield of oleyl oleate. The optimum condition to produce oeyl oleate was reaction...

Synthesis, Isolation and Characterization of Process-Related Impurities in Oseltamivir Phosphate

Three known impurities in oseltamivir phosphate bulk drug at level 0.1% (ranging from 0.05-0.1%) were detected by gradient reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. These impurities were preliminarily identified by the mass number of the impurities. Different experiments were conducted and finally the known impurities were synthesized and characterized.

Adsorption of U(VI) from Aqueous Solution onto Hydrotalcite-Like Compounds

Uranium adsorption by the synthesized compound of magnesium aluminum hydroxide hydrate – layered double hydrotalcite (STH)-like compounds was studied. The calcinated STH was proven to be a highly effective in U(VI) adsorption in pH range from 6.5 to 7. The time dependent experimental data were found to be fit to the pseudo-second-oder model. The equilibrium data have been modeled...

Evaluation of Trihalomethane Formation Potential Due To Anthropogenic Sources in the Ground Water of Kanpur

The ground water of Jajmau(which is the hub of tanneries), Kanpur has been evaluated for trihalomethane formation potential in January and May, 2009.Bromide is absent. Chloroform is the only THM species identified in all the ground water samples. The levels of chloroform are found below the regulated WHO guideline value of 300 μgL-1.THM formation rate is very fast in first 24 h...

Microwave-Assisted, One-Pot Three Component Synthesis of 2-Phenyl H-imidazo[1,2-α]pyridine

A novel synthesis of 2-phenylH-imidazio[1,2-α] pyridines is described from a one-pot, three-component reaction between pyridine, guanidine (urea or thiourea) and α-bromoketones under microwave irradiation and solvent-free conditions in excellent yields.