Injury Epidemiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/40621

List of Papers (Total 164)

Falls from a balcony while intoxicated: a new injury trend among young adults?

BackgroundUnintentional falls from heights, including balconies, result in life threatening traumatic injury. Alcohol, when combined with environmental factors and poor judgement, can potentially lead to fatal outcomes. One trauma center’s registry identified a group of young adults falling from balconies and we investigated the role of alcohol.MethodsHospital trauma service...

The impact of recreational marijuana commercialization on traumatic injury

BackgroundThe medical legalization of marijuana has been shown to result in an increased risk of motor vehicle injuries. In Colorado, commercialization of recreational marijuana (initiation of retail sales) occurred on January 1, 2014, resulting in the rapid proliferation of its availability. The objective of this study was to determine whether the proportion of injured patients...

Associations between implementation of Project Lazarus and opioid analgesic dispensing and buprenorphine utilization in North Carolina, 2009–2014

BackgroundProject Lazarus (PL) is a seven-strategy, community-coalition-based intervention designed to reduce opioid overdose and dependence. The seven strategies include: community education, provider education, hospital emergency department policy change, diversion control, support programs for patients with pain, naloxone policies, and addiction treatment expansion. PL was...

The burden of hospitalized sports-related injuries in children: an Australian population-based study, 2005–2013

BackgroundThere is concern about recent increase and severity of sports-related injuries in children. Despite the benefits of sports participation, injuries may carry long-term health consequences. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, characteristics and types of hospitalized sports-related injuries in children.MethodsPopulation-based study of all acute sports-related injuries...

The epidemiology of firearm injuries managed in US emergency departments

BackgroundFirearm-related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality in the United States (US), consuming resources and fueling political and public health discourse. Most analyses of firearm injuries are based on fatality statistics. Here, we describe the epidemiology of firearm injuries presenting to US emergency departments (EDs).MethodsWe performed a retrospective...

Incidence and costs of injuries to children and adults in the United States

BackgroundInjuries are a leading cause of death and acquired disability, and result in significant medical spending. Prior estimates of injury-related cost have been limited by older data, for certain population, or specific mechanisms.FindingsThis study estimated the incidence of hospital-treated nonfatal injuries in the United States (US) in 2013 and the related comprehensive...

Interrupted time series design to evaluate the effect of the ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM coding transition on injury hospitalization trends

BackgroundImplementation of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) in the U.S. on October 1, 2015 was a significant policy change with the potential to affect established injury morbidity trends. This study used data from a single state to demonstrate 1) the use of a statistical method to estimate the effect of this coding...

A longitudinal study of work-related injuries: comparisons of health and work-related consequences between injured and uninjured aging United States adults

BackgroundAge may affect one’s susceptibility to the myriad physical hazards that may pose risks for work-related injuries. Aging workers are not only at risk for work-related injuries but, also, at even higher risk for more severe health and work-related consequences. However, limited longitudinal research efforts have focused on such injuries among the aging workforce. This...

Teen driver system modeling: a tool for policy analysis

BackgroundMotor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of teen deaths in spite of preventive efforts. Prevention strategies could be advanced through new analytic approaches that allow us to better conceptualize the complex processes underlying teen crash risk. This may help policymakers design appropriate interventions and evaluate their impacts.MethodsSystem Dynamics...

Epidemiologic comparison of ankle injuries presenting to US emergency departments versus high school and collegiate athletic training settings

BackgroundAnkle sprains account for a large proportion of injuries presenting to both United States (US) emergency departments (EDs) as well as high school (HS) and collegiate school athletic training settings. The epidemiologic differences across these settings by both sport and diagnosis have not been well differentiated.Ankle injury data from 3 national surveillance datasets...

Workers compensation-reported injuries among security and law enforcement personnel in the private versus public sectors

BackgroundPrivate and Public security and law enforcement (SLE) sectors perform multiple overlapping job duties.MethodsWorkers’ compensation (WC) SLE first reports of injury (FROI) data (2005–2015) were analyzed to describe injuries, identify differences in awarded WC benefits, and compare the probability of a FROI resulting in awarded benefits between Public and Private SLE. A...

Concussion knowledge, attitudes and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes: a cross-sectional study

BackgroundMuay Thai kickboxing is a full-contact combat sport with a high incidence of head trauma, yet little is known about these athletes’ concussion knowledge and attitudes. This study aims to describe and quantify concussion knowledge, attitudes, and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes.ResultsThis cross-sectional study comprised 193...

Autonomous vehicles are cost-effective when used as taxis

BackgroundAutonomous vehicles (AVs) will radically re-shape the health and well-being of people in the United States in good ways and bad. We set out to estimate a reasonable time-to-adoption using cost-effectivenessmodels to estimate the point at which AVs become reasonably safe and affordable for widespread adoption.MethodsWe used Waymo data (previously, Google Self-Driving Car...

Characteristics of sports and recreation-related emergency department visits among school-age children and youth in North Carolina, 2010–2014

BackgroundSports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population...

Epidemiological patterns of traumatic musculoskeletal injuries and non-traumatic disorders in Japan Self-Defense Forces

BackgroundThe epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.MethodsAll orthopedic patients (n = 22,340) who...

Using matrix frame to present road traffic injury pattern

BackgroundAlthough many epidemiological studies have presented road traffic injuries (RTIs) according to the victim’s mode of transport, very few have mentioned the mode of transport of the victim’s counterparts. We sought to use matrix frame to present the pattern of RTIs based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes.MethodsPatients...

Efficacy of a proactive health and safety risk management system in the fire service

BackgroundThis study evaluated the efficacy of a fire department proactive risk management program aimed at reducing firefighter injuries and their associated costs.MethodsInjury data were collected for the intervention fire department and a contemporary control department. Workers’ compensation claim frequency and costs were analyzed for the intervention fire department only...

Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls

BackgroundUnintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific...