Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

http://link.springer.com/journal/11270

List of Papers (Total 315)

Changes in the Physico-Chemical Parameters of Water as a Result of Long-Term Contact with Biomass, on the Example of Pine Bark (Pinus sylvestris)

Water encountering biomass can affect the change in its chemical composition and properties through the leaching process. In the leaching process, leachates are formed, and their composition depends on the type of biomass and the time of exposure to the solvent (water). The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of time of contact of water with biomass on changing the...

Effects of NaCl on Growth and Cesium Absorption in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)

In this study, we clarified the effects of NaCl application on the growth and Cs absorption in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). Pot experiments using Wagner pots (1/5000a) were conducted in an experimental field at Nihon University during 2014, 2015, and 2016, using quinoa variety CICA-127. Growth of quinoa and Cs absorption by quinoa were promoted by the application of NaCl...

Reconstructing Soil Recovery from Acid Rain in Beech (Fagus sylvatica) Stands of the Vienna Woods as Indicated by Removal of Stemflow and Dendrochemistry

Our goal was to reconstruct soil recovery from Acid Rain based upon removal of stemflow at beech (Fagus sylvatica) stands of known historic and recent soil status. Fourteen beech stands in the Vienna Woods were selected in 1984 and again in 2012 to study changes in soil and foliar chemistry over time. A part of those stands had been strip cut, and to assess reversibility of soil...

Calcined Eggshell as a P Reactive Media Filter—Batch Tests and Column Sorption Experiment

The goal of the study was to assess the sorption properties of calcined eggshells (CEs) as a P reactive media filter. The CEs were calcined in a temperature of 900 °C. A double stage test was performed: batch studies (kinetic and equilibrium) and small-scale column experiment. The estimation of optimal mass ratio of CEs for perspective usage was the additional benefit of column...

Analysis of the Algae Growth Dynamics in the Hydroponic System with LEDs Nighttime Lighting Using the Laser Granulometry Method

The latest research focused on the analysis of algal growth and the dynamics of their growth use the laser diffraction technique, enabling determination of the volume fraction of suspended particles with specific diameters in aqueous solution as well as their fractal dimensions. This study focuses on the possibility of using a laser granulometer to assess the growth dynamics of...

The Possibilities of Using Broadleaf Cattail Seeds (Typha latifolia L.) as Super Absorbents for Removing Aromatic Hydrocarbons (BTEX) from an Aqueous Solution

Sorption of oil-related products (including mainly the propellants) is the very basic process that counteracts spreading these types of pollution into environment. Plenty of synthetic substances (including the monoaromatic hydrocarbons) are both from the surface and underground waters. The aim of this study was to present the research’s results on the possibilities of using the...

Detecting Seasonal Flow Pathways in Road Structures Using Tracer Tests and ERT

Roads and traffic can be a source of water-bound pollutants, which can percolate through the unsaturated zone to groundwater. Deicing salt is widely used on roads in northern Europe during winter and is usually applied at a time when the temperature is below zero and the soil is partly frozen. Understanding the mechanism by which water-bound pollutants such as deicing salt are...

Contribution of Poland to Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition to the Baltic Sea

Poland is the second most important emission source after Germany in contributing atmospheric nitrogen deposition to the Baltic Sea basin. The main sectors contributing to reactive nitrogen emissions from Polish sources, in the period 1995–2014, are combustion and transportation, responsible together for over 97% of nitrogen oxide emissions, and agriculture responsible for over...

Atmospheric Factors Affecting a Decrease in the Night-Time Concentrations of Tropospheric Ozone in a Low-Polluted Urban Area

Ozone (O3) decomposition in the troposphere is a very important process which prevents excessive O3 accumulation in the air. It is particularly significant on warm summer days which are marked by a high risk of photochemical smog. We used Spearman’s rank correlation test to determine relationships between the drop in O3 concentrations over time (-ΔO3), nitrogen oxide (NO...

Tracking the Transport of Silver Nanoparticles in Soil: a Saturated Column Experiment

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) can enter the environment when released from products containing them. As AgNPs enter soil, they are often retained in the soil profile and/or leached to the groundwater. This research assessed the transport of AgNPs in their “particle form” through the soil profile using a series of columns. Three soil types were put into soil columns: LSH (loam with...

Scale of Small Particle Population in Activated Sludge Flocs

The light scattering method is a valuable tool for accessing particle size and structure mainly due to fast and the nonintrusive nature of the measurement. The method is based on a scattered intensity pattern and depends on particle volume, particle morphology, the light wavelength and the scattering angle. The light scattering model, for particles characterised by a fractal...

Reconstructing the Trophic History of an Alpine Lake (High Tatra Mts.) Using Subfossil Diatoms: Disentangling the Effects of Climate and Human Influence

Diatom analysis was undertaken on a 200-year sediment record in an alpine lake (Popradské pleso, Tatra Mountains, Central Europe). Due to its remote character and well-documented human influence since the mid-nineteenth century, it allows a study of the relationship between anthropogenic pressures and diatom assemblages. Altogether, 122 diatom taxa of 40 genera were identified...

Internal Phosphorus Loading from the Bottom Sediments of a Dimictic Lake During Its Sustainable Restoration

The ribbon type Lake Durowskie (Western Poland) is currently undergoing a sustainable restoration process due to water quality deterioration, manifested in water blooms, low transparency, and oxygen deficits near the bottom sediments. Three restoration methods were applied: (i) hypolimnion aeration using two wind-driven pulverizing aerators installed at the deepest places, (ii...

Potential of Bacterial Isolates from a Stream in Manaus-Amazon to Bioremediate Chromium-Contaminated Environments

Igarapé do Quarenta (IgQ), a stream located in the Manaus-AM, BR, has directly experienced the impacts of urban expansion over the last five decades, which contributed for its contamination. As an affluent of Rio Negro, IgQ also affects the water quality of this important river that bathes Manaus. However, the stress caused by the prolonged exposition to chemical agents may have...

Integrated Hydrological and Geophysical Characterisation of Surface and Subsurface Water Contamination at Abandoned Metal Mines

The mining and processing of metal ores in the UK has left a legacy of environmental degradation, and abandoned metal mines still pose a significant threat to terrestrial and fluvial environments. Flow gauging, water quality and geophysics were combined in an integrated assessment of surface and subsurface hydrological contamination at Esgair Mwyn, an abandoned mine in Ceredigion...

Greywater Characteristics, Treatment Systems, Reuse Strategies and User Perception—a Review

This paper presents a literature review of the quality of greywater generated in different, especially developing, countries, constituents found in greywater, some treatment systems, natural materials for treatment, some reuse strategies and public perception regarding greywater reuse. The review shows that generation rates are mostly influenced by lifestyle, types of fixtures...

Helical Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes as an Efficient Material for the Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction of Low and High Molecular Weight Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Water Samples: Theoretical Study

The differences in effectiveness of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as the dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) sorbent for the selective extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were explained on the basis of theoretical study. It was observed that for low molecular weight PAHs, the recoveries using non-helical and helical MWCNTs were similar. In contrary...

Treatment of Ammonium-Rich Digestate from Methane Fermentation Using Aerobic Granular Sludge

Digestate produced by cofermentation of agricultural waste and manure can be difficult to dispose of because its high ammonium content impedes its use in agriculture due to generation of odor and overfertilization. This study investigated the possibility of treating such nitrogen-rich digestate with aerobic granular sludge depending on the nitrogen load in the reactor. At...

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Sorbents in the Remediation of Soil Contaminated with Zinc

Zinc exerts negative effects on soil and contributing to the degradation of soil ecosystems. New solutions for restoring healthy soil activity are therefore needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sorbents in the biological remediation of soil contaminated with zinc. A pot experiment was conducted on loamy sand. The tested plant was maize (Zea mays...

Influence of Insolation on the Efficiency of NO3 Removal from Wastewater Treated in the Hydroponic System

The use of plants and natural processes for wastewater treatment is an issue that arouses interest among technologists and scientists around the world. The aim of the article was to analyze the influence of the air temperature and insolation on the removal of nitrate nitrogen from the wastewater treated in the hydroponic system, under greenhouse conditions. Samples of sewage for...

Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticle Circulation in an Aquatic Ecosystem

Nanotechnology is a dynamically developing field of scientific and industrial interest across the entire world, and the commercialization of nanoparticles (NPs) is rapidly expanding. Incorporation of nanotechnologies into a range of manufactured goods results in increasing concern regarding the subsequent release of engineered NPs into the environment. One of the biggest threats...