Bariatric surgery results in reduced muscle mass as weight is lost, but postoperative changes in muscle strength and performance are incompletely understood.
There has been concern that GH treatment of children might increase meningioma risk. Results of published studies have been inconsistent and limited.
The most frequent cause of endogenous hypercortisolism is Cushing disease (CD), a devastating condition associated with severe comorbidities and high mortality. Effective tumor-targeting therapeutics are limited.
Two tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), lenvatinib and vandetanib, are often used to treat advanced radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RAI-R DTC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), respectively. Fatigue is a common adverse event during treatment with these and other TKIs and a common cause of drug discontinuation or dosage reduction.
Increases in heart rate were seen during the clinical program for fixed-dose combination phentermine (PHEN) and topiramate (TPM), an oral medication indicated for weight management; however, the effect on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes is uncertain.
ACTH is considered a weak marker for autonomous cortisol secretion (ACS) in patients with adrenal incidentalomas (AIs). Our aim was to investigate suppressed basal ACTH as a marker of ACS and to elucidate why this criterion is of limited value.
An analysis of the Endocrine Society’s clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) published from 2010 to 2017—presented by Irwig et al. in the current issue of The Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism—suggested that the Endocrine Society met five of seven National Academy of Medicine (NAM) standards concerning financial conflicts of interest in CPGs. As current contributors to the...
Globally, one in five men aged >50 years is predicted to experience an osteoporotic fracture. Because of the treatment gap in osteoporosis and the paucity of bone-forming agents for men, new osteoporosis treatments are needed.
A declining first-phase insulin response (FPIR) is characteristic of the disease process leading to clinical type 1 diabetes. It is not known whether reduced FPIR depends on class II human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotype, islet autoimmunity, or both.
To formulate clinical practice guidelines for the endocrine treatment of hypothalamic–pituitary and growth disorders in survivors of childhood cancer.
Thyroid cancer survivors are at high risk of developing multiple cardiac and vascular conditions as consequence of cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, it is still unclear how the baseline and prognostic factors, as well as cancer treatments, play a role in increasing cardiac and vascular disease risk among thyroid cancer survivors.
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) (mainly secondary to 11p15 molecular disruption) and Temple syndrome (TS) (secondary to 14q32.2 molecular disruption) are imprinting disorders with phenotypic (prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, early feeding difficulties) and molecular overlap.
Little is known about reproductive function in girls with youth-onset type 2 diabetes.
Combination therapy with insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) is important for treating type 2 diabetes (T2D). This trial assesses the efficacy and safety of semaglutide, a GLP-1RA, as an add-on to basal insulin.
The impact of testosterone (T) treatment on antidoping detection tests in female-to-male (F2M) transgender men is unknown. We investigated urine and serum sex steroid and luteinizing hormone (LH) profiles in T-treated F2M men to determine whether and, if so, how they differed from hypogonadal and healthy control men.
Neurotensin (NT), an intestinal peptide released by fat ingestion, promotes lipid absorption; higher circulating NT levels are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D), obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Whether NT is related to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not been fully investigated.
Hypoglycemia, one of the major factors limiting optimal glycemic control in insulin-treated patients with diabetes, elicits a brain response to restore normoglycemia by activating counterregulation. Animal data indicate that local release of norepinephrine (NE) in the hypothalamus is important for triggering hypoglycemia-induced counterregulatory (CR) hormonal responses.
Acromegaly has been associated with increased risk of cancer morbidity and mortality, but research findings remain conflicting and population-based data are scarce. We therefore examined whether patients with acromegaly are at higher risk of cancer.
The regulation of bone mass by the testis is a well-recognized mechanism, but the role of Leydig-specific marker insulin-like 3 peptide (INSL3) on the most abundant bone cell population, osteocytes, is unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between INSL3 and sclerostin, an osteocyte-specific protein that negatively regulates bone formation.
WNT signaling is fundamental to bone health, and its aberrant activation leads to skeletal pathologies. The heterozygous missense mutation p.C218G in WNT1, a key WNT pathway ligand, leads to severe early-onset and progressive osteoporosis with multiple peripheral and spinal fractures. Despite the severe skeletal manifestations, conventional bone turnover markers are normal in...
After menopause, fat mass (FM) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) increase and nonbone lean body mass (LBM) decreases. Whether menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) reverses these changes remains controversial.
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease. The effect of blood metabolites on the development of osteoporosis remains elusive.