Obstetrics and Gynecology International

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/

List of Papers (Total 629)

Knowledge and Attitude on Obstetric Effects of Female Genital Mutilation among Maasai Women in Maternity Ward at Loitokitok Sub-County Hospital, Kenya

Background. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the most harmful traditions still practiced in many parts of the developing world, including Kenya. The practice leads to permanent and irreversible health damages; however, knowledge and attitude of women towards its obstetric effects is scarce. Aim. The objective of this study was to determine knowledge and attitude of women...

Feasibility and Compatibility of Minilaparotomy Hysterectomy in a Low-Resource Setting

Introduction. Minilaparotomy hysterectomy (MLH) relies on the simplicity of the traditional open technique of abdominal hysterectomy, imparts cosmesis and faster recovery of laparoscopic hysterectomy yet avoids the long learning curve and cost of expensive setup and instrumentation associated with the minimally invasive approaches, namely, laparoscopy and robotics. In the present...

Knowledge and Attitude on Obstetric Effects of Female Genital Mutilation among Maasai Women in Maternity Ward at Loitokitok Sub-County Hospital, Kenya

Background. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the most harmful traditions still practiced in many parts of the developing world, including Kenya. The practice leads to permanent and irreversible health damages; however, knowledge and attitude of women towards its obstetric effects is scarce. Aim. The objective of this study was to determine knowledge and attitude of women...

Effects of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Cytokine, Toll-Like Receptor, and Progesterone Receptor Genes on Risk of Miscarriage

Spontaneous abortion is a complex, multifactorial pathology, where various genetic, neural, endocrine, and immunological factors are involved. Cytokines, Toll-like receptors, and progesterone receptors play critical roles in embryonic implantation and development. A delicate, stage-specific equilibrium of these proteins is required for successful pregnancy outcome. However...

Effects of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Cytokine, Toll-Like Receptor, and Progesterone Receptor Genes on Risk of Miscarriage

Spontaneous abortion is a complex, multifactorial pathology, where various genetic, neural, endocrine, and immunological factors are involved. Cytokines, Toll-like receptors, and progesterone receptors play critical roles in embryonic implantation and development. A delicate, stage-specific equilibrium of these proteins is required for successful pregnancy outcome. However...

Caesarean Section Rates and Activity-Based Funding in Northern Norway: A Model-Based Study Using the World Health Organization’s Recommendation

Objective. Caesarean section (CS) rates vary significantly worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended a maximum CS rate of 15%. Norwegian hospitals are paid per CS (activity-based funding), employing the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system. We aimed to document how financial incentives can be affected by reduced CS rates, according to the WHO’s recommendation...

A Qualitative Study on the Pathways to Evidence-Based Antenatal Care in Periurban Ghana

Maternal health care has become a major concern on international fora in the 21st century. Even though major interventions have been taken to scale up maternal health care locally, nationally, and globally, adequate utilisation has not been achieved due to system-induced setbacks, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The study explored the facilitators and barriers to antenatal care...

Management of Menstrual Disorder in Adolescent Girls with Intellectual Disabilities: A Blessing or a Curse?

Objective. This study aims to describe the menstrual pattern and menstrual care of girls with intellectual disabilities and to evaluate the impact of menstruation and awareness of parents/guardians on girls with intellectual disabilities. Methodology. Parents/guardians of girls aged 9–17 years with known intellectual disabilities who attended a scheduled public forum and...

Female Genital Mutilation: Health Consequences and Complications—A Short Literature Review

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure performed on women in developing countries and is underreported; it involves cutting or altering the female genitalia. The health consequences of FGM include bacterial and viral infections, obstetrical complications, and psychological problems. In this study, we report FGM societal importance, ramifications, classifications, cultural...

Female Genital Mutilation: Health Consequences and Complications—A Short Literature Review

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure performed on women in developing countries and is underreported; it involves cutting or altering the female genitalia. The health consequences of FGM include bacterial and viral infections, obstetrical complications, and psychological problems. In this study, we report FGM societal importance, ramifications, classifications, cultural...

Maternal Satisfaction on Delivery Service among Postnatal Mothers in a Government Hospital, Mid-Western Nepal

Background. Maternal satisfaction is one of the most frequently reported outcome measures for quality of care, and it needs to be addressed to improve the quality and efficiency of health care during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium to provide quality maternal-friendly services. Objective. To find out the maternal satisfaction on delivery service among postnatal mothers in a...

Maternal Satisfaction on Delivery Service among Postnatal Mothers in a Government Hospital, Mid-Western Nepal

Background. Maternal satisfaction is one of the most frequently reported outcome measures for quality of care, and it needs to be addressed to improve the quality and efficiency of health care during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium to provide quality maternal-friendly services. Objective. To find out the maternal satisfaction on delivery service among postnatal mothers in a...

Maternal Satisfaction on Delivery Service among Postnatal Mothers in a Government Hospital, Mid-Western Nepal

Background. Maternal satisfaction is one of the most frequently reported outcome measures for quality of care, and it needs to be addressed to improve the quality and efficiency of health care during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium to provide quality maternal-friendly services. Objective. To find out the maternal satisfaction on delivery service among postnatal mothers in a...

Changes in Uterine Cancer Incidence Rates in Egypt

Background. Uterine cancer is one of the top-ranking cancers in women with wide international variations in incidence rates. Developed countries have higher incidence rates than the developing countries. Egypt has significantly lower incidence of uterine cancer than other countries in the Middle East. This study aimed at verifying the incidence rate of uterine cancer and...

Fertility Outcomes following Laparoscopy-Assisted Hysteroscopic Fallopian Tube Cannulation: A Preliminary Study

Objectives. To determine fertility outcomes following laparoscopy-guided hysteroscopic tubal cannulation for cornual obstruction. Study Design. A prospective cohort study in Life Institute for Endoscopy at Life Specialist Hospital Nnewi, Southeast Nigeria. Patients with unilateral or bilateral cornual tubal obstruction as the only cause of infertility were included. Outcome...

Fertility Outcomes following Laparoscopy-Assisted Hysteroscopic Fallopian Tube Cannulation: A Preliminary Study

Objectives. To determine fertility outcomes following laparoscopy-guided hysteroscopic tubal cannulation for cornual obstruction. Study Design. A prospective cohort study in Life Institute for Endoscopy at Life Specialist Hospital Nnewi, Southeast Nigeria. Patients with unilateral or bilateral cornual tubal obstruction as the only cause of infertility were included. Outcome...

Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Advanced Gynecologic Cancers: An Updated Review from a Multidisciplinary Perspective

Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a major complication in women with advanced gynecologic cancers which imposes a significant burden on patients, caregivers, and healthcare systems. Symptoms of MBO are challenging to palliate and result in progressive decompensation of already vulnerable patients with limited therapeutic options and a short prognosis. However, there is a...

Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Advanced Gynecologic Cancers: An Updated Review from a Multidisciplinary Perspective

Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a major complication in women with advanced gynecologic cancers which imposes a significant burden on patients, caregivers, and healthcare systems. Symptoms of MBO are challenging to palliate and result in progressive decompensation of already vulnerable patients with limited therapeutic options and a short prognosis. However, there is a...

Treatment of Rectovaginal Fistula Using Sphincteroplasty and Fistulectomy

Aim. To assess the results of the treatment of rectovaginal fistulas with incontinence and impaired anal tonus. Materials and Methods. This study comprised three rectovaginal fistula groups that were treated using sphincteroplasty and fistulectomy: group 1: eight women with simple rectovaginal fistula due to birth trauma; group 2: six rectovaginal fistula cases that were...

Treatment of Rectovaginal Fistula Using Sphincteroplasty and Fistulectomy

Aim. To assess the results of the treatment of rectovaginal fistulas with incontinence and impaired anal tonus. Materials and Methods. This study comprised three rectovaginal fistula groups that were treated using sphincteroplasty and fistulectomy: group 1: eight women with simple rectovaginal fistula due to birth trauma; group 2: six rectovaginal fistula cases that were...

Effect of Japanese Kampo Medicine Therapy for Menopausal Symptoms after Treatment of Gynecological Malignancy

Loss of ovarian function by the treatment for gynecological malignancy results in a drastic decrease of estrogen causing physical and mental symptoms. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Japanese Kampo Kamikihito (KKT) and Kamishoyosan (KSS) on menopausal symptoms in gynecological cancer patients. Patients who had menopausal symptoms after gynecologic...

Effect of Japanese Kampo Medicine Therapy for Menopausal Symptoms after Treatment of Gynecological Malignancy

Loss of ovarian function by the treatment for gynecological malignancy results in a drastic decrease of estrogen causing physical and mental symptoms. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Japanese Kampo Kamikihito (KKT) and Kamishoyosan (KSS) on menopausal symptoms in gynecological cancer patients. Patients who had menopausal symptoms after gynecologic...