BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 6,424)

Evaluating the Published Critical Care Research from the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region

ObjectivesEvaluation of published research in a region provides insight into relevant aspects of clinical care and research priorities. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the type of critical care research published in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) over a 10-year period.ResultsDuring the study period (2007–2016), the...

An efficient prototype method to identify and correct misspellings in clinical text

ObjectiveMisspellings in clinical free text present challenges to natural language processing. With an objective to identify misspellings and their corrections, we developed a prototype spelling analysis method that implements Word2Vec, Levenshtein edit distance constraints, a lexical resource, and corpus term frequencies. We used the prototype method to process two different...

Analysis of a structured intronic region of the LMP2 pre-mRNA from EBV reveals associations with human regulatory proteins and nuclear actin

ObjectiveThe pre-mRNA of the Epstein–Barr virus LMP2 (latent membrane protein 2) has a region of unusual RNA structure that partially spans two consecutive exons and the entire intervening intron; suggesting RNA folding might affect splicing—particularly via interactions with human regulatory proteins. To better understand the roles of protein associations with this structured...

Willingness to join community based health insurance and its determinants in East Gojjam zone, Northwest Ethiopia

ObjectiveThe main purpose of this research was to determine the magnitude of willingness to join to community based health insurance (CBHI) and to identify factors associated with it.ResultsA total of 604 study participants responded for the interviews, making the response rate 98.2%. All in all, 492 (81.5%) of the study participant households were willing to join the CBHI scheme...

Medical students’ preferences towards learning resources and their study habits at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

ObjectiveThe purpose of the present study was to explore why our medical students are avoiding the study of professional textbooks. We conducted this study from 10th March to 15th May 2017 at the King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, to investigate their preferences towards learning resources, their study habits and correlation of academic achievements as a result of these...

Crude extracts of Sesamum Indicum roots used as anthraquinone source effect on pulping with sodium hydroxide of Sudanese bagasse

The objectivesThe work was carried out for extraction of natural anthrasesamones from roots of Sesamum Indicum using different organic solvents and utilization of extracts as catalyst in pulping with sodium hydroxide for a by-product of sugar industry (Sudanese bagasse).ResultsSesamum Indicum roots when extracted with ethanol, it gave the highest extracts yield % (0.964...

High incidence of type III secretion system associated virulence factors (exoenzymes) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from Iranian burn patients

ObjectiveThe present study aimed to determine the prevalence of virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance profile of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from Iranian burn patients.ResultsThis cross-sectional study performed on 100 P. aeruginosa isolates which were recovered from burn wound specimens in 2014–2015. All presumptive isolates were identified by standard...

Using Concept Maps to compare obesity knowledge between policy makers and primary care researchers in Canada

ObjectiveKnowledge transfer is the process of information sharing between researchers, knowledge users and policy makers. Globally, public policies about obesity do not reflect the complexity of what is known about the cause and effects of obesity. We used Concept Maps, a qualitative method that represents mental models, to compare the understanding of obesity between policy...

Periodic mild heat stimuli diminish extracellular matrix synthesis in pellet cultured human chondrocytes

ObjectiveThis study aimed to clarify the effects of periodic mild heat stimuli on extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis of adult human chondrocytes in 3-dimensional pellet culture.ResultsHuman articular chondrocytes were subjected to pellet culture at 37 °C for 3 days. Thereafter, the pellets were divided into three groups: 32 °C group which was cultured at 32 °C without heat...

Antimicrobial resistance genes in Salmonella and Escherichia coli isolates from chicken droppings in Nairobi, Kenya

ObjectiveIncrease in antimicrobial resistance is a threat to health sector globally. Surveillance on the spread and emergence of antimicrobial resistance is therefore invertible. This study investigated prevalence of Salmonella and Escherichia coli, molecularly characterized their antimicrobial resistance patterns and spread among resistant isolates from chicken droppings...

Triage knowledge and skills among nurses in emergency units of Specialized Hospital in Hawassa, Ethiopia: cross sectional study

ObjectiveThis study was aimed to assess knowledge and skills of triage and associated factors among nurses in emergency department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, South Ethiopia. Institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 101 nurses from March 1–30, 2018. The data was coded and entered to SPSS version 22.0. Descriptive...

Comparing the EQ-5D-5L utility index based on value sets of different countries: impact on the interpretation of clinical study results

ObjectiveTo compare the country-specific value sets of the EQ-5D-5L utility index and to evaluate the impact on the interpretation of clinical study results. Six country value sets from Canada, England, Japan, Korea, Netherlands and Uruguay were obtained from literature. In addition, ten crosswalk value sets were downloaded from the EuroQol.org website.ResultsFor each of the 3125...

Time to initiate complementary feeding and associated factors among mothers with children aged 6–24 months in Tahtay Maichew district, northern Ethiopia

ObjectiveIn Ethiopia, only 51% of the infants start complementary feeding on time. Therefore this study is aimed to determine the time to initiate complementary feeding and associated factors among mothers with children aged 6–24 months in Tahtay Maichew district, northern Ethiopia. A retrospective follow up study was conducted among 639 mothers who had children aged 6–24 months...

Food handling practice and associated factors among food handlers in public food establishments, Northwest Ethiopia

ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to assess food handling practice and associated factors among food handlers in public food establishments, Northwest Ethiopia.ResultsIn this study a total of 416 food handlers were participated with a response rate of 416 (98.6%). Proportion of good food handling practice was 167 (40.1%) [95% CI (confidence interval): 35.10, 44.50]. Work...

The significant association between maternity waiting homes utilization and perinatal mortality in Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis

ObjectiveA proper uptake of maternity waiting homes (MWHs) is important to improve maternal and child health (MCH). The aim of this review is to generate the best existing evidences concerning the MWHs utilization and its impact on perinatal mortality (PNM) among pregnant mothers in Africa. Both relevant quantitative and qualitative studies, investigated and reported from...

Pediatric in-hospital emergencies: real life experiences, previous training and the need for training among physicians and nurses

ObjectivePediatric emergencies challenge professional teams by demanding substantial cognitive effort, skills and effective teamwork. Educational designs for team trainings must be aligned to the needs of participants in order to increase effectiveness. To assess these needs, a survey among physicians and nurses of a tertiary pediatric center in Germany was conducted, focusing on...

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Pseudomonas PS01 induces salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana

ObjectivesPlant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) may contribute to sustainable crop production by improving plant growth and/or plant tolerance to abiotic stresses. Soil salinity, which limits the productivity of crop plants, is one of the major concerns of modern agriculture, especially in countries heavily affected by climate change as Vietnam. Currently, only a few...

Association of objective sedentary behaviour and self-rated health in English older adults

ObjectiveReducing sedentary behaviour (SB) might improve the health of older adults. However, we know little about how objectively measured SB impacts on self-rated health in older adults. We aimed to explore the associations between objectively measured SB and self-rated health in English older adults.ResultsA random sub-sample of older adults (≥ 65 years old) from the 2008...

Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: is systematic screening necessary?

ObjectiveAlpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is a relatively prevalent, but under-diagnosed, genetic disease. The objective of this study was to assess whether the systematic screening for alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency in all patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from a tertiary service has an impact on the number of patients being diagnosed with this condition...

Prelacteal feeding and associated factors among mothers having children less than 24 months of age, in Mettu district, Southwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

ObjectiveDespite prelacteal feeding contravenes with exclusive breastfeeding, it is a prevailing problem in Ethiopia. However, its burden and factors were not investigated in Mettu district. Therefore, the objective of our study was to conduct the burden of prelacteal feeding and its associated factors. Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 730 mother–child...

Development of a new method for collecting hemolymph and measuring phenoloxidase activity in Tribolium castaneum

ObjectiveHemolymph plays many important roles in the physiology of an insect throughout its lifetime; however, for small-bodied insects, studies are lacking because of the difficulties encountered while collecting hemolymph. The objective of our study was to develop a method to collect hemolymph plasma from various stages of Tribolium castaneum and to evaluate phenoloxidase...

Early Implanon discontinuation rate and its associated factors in health institutions of Mekelle City, Tigray, Ethiopia 2016/17

ObjectiveContraceptive discontinuation rate is very common in most developing countries, especially removal in the first year of use is common (18–63%), and the majority of these discontinuations are among women who are still in need of contraception. So the objective of this study was assessing early Implanon discontinuation rate and its associated factors in the study area...

Factors associated with adherence to iron folate supplementation among pregnant women in West Dembia district, northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

ObjectiveIn Ethiopia, iron folate tablets are prescribed for all pregnant mothers during their antenatal visits and given for free; however, only limited data are available on their adherence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess adherence to iron folate supplementation and its associated factors among pregnant women in West Dembia district, northwest Ethiopia. An...

Factors associated with the health status of childcare workers in southern Alberta, Canada

ObjectiveThere is growing evidence that the well-being of childcare workers has important implications for the care provided to children attending childcare centers. To add to the growing body of research in this area and to lay the groundwork for further research, we report the results of a pilot study examining factors that are associated with the health status of childcare...

Biological control agent Rhizobium (=Agrobacterium) vitis strain ARK-1 suppresses expression of the essential and non-essential vir genes of tumorigenic R. vitis

ObjectiveTo gain insights into the virulence suppressive mechanism of a nonpathogenic strain of Rhizobium vitis ARK-1, we co-inoculated ARK-1 with a tumorigenic (Ti) strain of R. vitis to examine the expression of two essential virulence genes (virA and virG) and one non-essential gene (virD3) of the Ti strain at the wound site of grapevine.ResultsCo-inoculation of ARK-1 with a...