BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 6,571)

Gamification: focus on the strategies being implemented in interventions: a systematic review protocol

ObjectiveGamification broadly refers to the use of game design elements in non-game contexts with the goal of promoting users’ engagement. Gamification strategies appear as an advantageous tool to increase the motivation and involvement of users. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify studies using gamification strategies in distinct intervention contexts and to...

A small RNA decreases the sensitivity of Shigella sonnei to norfloxacin

ObjectivesShigella is a human pathogen that causes shigellosis, an acute invasive intestinal infection. Recent studies in the model bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) provided evidence that small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) can contribute to antimicrobial resistance or susceptibility. One of the sRNAs is SdsR, which increases sensitivity of E. coli against fluoroquinolone by...

Newborn care practices and its determinants among postnatal mothers in Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

ObjectiveNewborn care practices like the initiation of breastfeeding within an hour, delay baby bathing, cord cutting with a safe instrument, and thermal care is a crucial intervention for the avoidance of more than 75% of neonatal deaths. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the practices and determinants of newborn care among postnatal mothers attending postnatal clinics in...

Does device matter for inhaled therapies in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? A comparative trial of two devices

ObjectiveCOPD patients have challenges for effective use of inhalers due to advanced age, fixed airflow obstruction and comorbid medical conditions. Published clinical trials investigate drug efficacy but rarely consider the inhaler device. This trial investigates device efficacy, comparing clinical outcomes for the same medication via two different devices. Our intention was to...

Premarital sexual intercourse and associated factors among adolescent students in Debre-Markos town secondary and preparatory schools, north west Ethiopia, 2017

ObjectiveTo assess the magnitude and factors associated with premarital sexual intercourse among adolescent students of the secondary and preparatory school in Debre-Markos town, northwest Ethiopia, 2017.ResultsAmong secondary and preparatory school adolescent students, 31.3% reported pre-marital sexual intercourse. This shows that premarital sexual intercourse among secondary...

The effect of pregnancy induced hypertension and multiple pregnancies on preterm birth in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ObjectiveThis systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to estimate the overall pooled prevalence of preterm birth and the effect of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) and multiple pregnancies on preterm birth in Ethiopia.ResultA total of 9 studies with 27,119 participants were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of preterm birth among...

Reproductive health services utilization and its associated factors among secondary school youths in Woreta town, South Gondar, North West Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to assess reproductive health service utilization and its associated factors among secondary school students in Woreta town, South Gondar, North east Ethiopia 2018.ResultOut of the total 376 selected students, 345 were participated in the study with a response rate of 94%. Of these respondents, 85 (24.6%) of them utilized at least one...

Inflammatory markers response to citrulline supplementation in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial

ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of citrulline (Cit) supplementation on inflammatory markers and liver histopathology in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this clinical trial, fifty NAFLD patients were assigned to receive 2 g/day Cit or placebo for 3 months.ResultsAt the end of study, serum high sensitive C-reactive protein...

Prevalence and predictors of self care practices among hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

ObjectiveHypertension is a major risk factor and precursor of myocardial infarction, chronic kidney disease, heart failure and premature death. These vascular events increased costs of hypertension management. Self-care Practices were recommended to control blood pressure among hypertensive patients. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess predictors of self-care...

The prevalence of self-reported diagnosed endometriosis in the Australian population: results from a nationally-representative survey

ObjectiveCurrently, it is estimated that one in 10 women of reproductive age are affected by the reproductive condition known as endometriosis. However, there has been limited research and policy attention on the prevalence of endometriosis in Australia. Utilising a nationally-representative Australian sample (N = 2025), this study aimed to report on the prevalence of...

Evaluation of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for the Identification of Group B Streptococcus

ObjectiveGroup B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal meningitis and sepsis worldwide. Intrapartum antibiotics given to women carrying GBS are an effective means of reducing disease in the first week of life. Rapid and reliable tests are needed to accurately identify GBS from these women for timely intrapartum antibiotic administration to prevent neonatal disease...

Prevalence of hypertension among adult outpatient clients in hospitals and its associated factors In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a hospital based cross-sectional study

ObjectiveThe objective of the research is to measure prevalence of hypertension and associated factors adult outpatient clients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.ResultsA total of 487 participants were included in the study. The prevalence of hypertension was (34.7%), 95% CI (30.6–38.8), of them 53.8 were Male and 46.2% were female. Among 169 participants identified as having high blood...

Disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ObjectiveDisrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care is violation of fundamental right of women and unborn child. There is scarce of data on disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine disrespectful and abusive behavior during childbirth and maternity care in Ethiopia...

BreCaHAD: a dataset for breast cancer histopathological annotation and diagnosis

ObjectivesHistopathological tissue analysis by a pathologist determines the diagnosis and prognosis of most tumors, such as breast cancer. To estimate the aggressiveness of cancer, a pathologist evaluates the microscopic appearance of a biopsied tissue sample based on morphological features which have been correlated with patient outcome.Data descriptionThis paper introduces a...

Correlation between the estimated GFR and SWRD score in patients with posterior urethral valves at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital

ObjectiveThe aim was to establish the reliability of the SWRD score as a predictor of both renal and bladder outcomes in posterior urethral valves. This retrospective study included 67 patients with PUVs at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital. The score was calculated from voiding cystourethrogram before and after the relief of obstruction, and estimated glomerular filtration...

Regular exposure to non-burning ultraviolet radiation reduces signs of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mature adult mice fed a high fat diet: results of a pilot study

ObjectiveObesity often emerges in middle age, increasing risk for metabolic disorders. Our previous preclinical experiments identified that chronic exposure to non-burning ultraviolet radiation, like that achieved through sun exposure, prevented weight gain and signs of metabolic dysfunction in young adult mice fed a high fat diet. Our objective was to perform a pilot study to...

Are circulating microRNAs suitable for the early detection of malignant mesothelioma? Results from a nested case–control study

ObjectiveMalignant mesothelioma is an aggressive cancer of the serous membranes. For the detection of the tumor at early stages non- or minimally-invasive biomarkers are needed. The circulating biomarkers miR-132-3p, miR-126-3p, and miR-103a-3p were analyzed in a nested case–control study using plasma samples from 17 prediagnostic mesothelioma cases and 34 matched asbestos...

Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), porA and flaA typing of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from cats attending a veterinary clinic

ObjectiveCampylobacter is a major cause of gastroenteritis in humans and pet ownership is a risk factor for infection. To study the occurrence, species distribution and sequence-based types of Campylobacter spp. in pet cats, 82 faecal samples were collected from cats in New Zealand. The PCR positive samples of Campylobacter jejuni were characterized by multilocus sequence typing...

The effect of sex of last child on short birth interval practice: the case of northern Ethiopian pregnant women

ObjectiveImproving short birth interval practice is a key strategy to reduce maternal mortality, neonatal mortality, adverse pregnancy outcomes, high fertility rate and undermining economic development efforts. However, there were limited evidences on short birth interval practice and its determinant factors in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of short birth...

Prevalence and factors associated with depression among hospital admitted patients in South Ethiopia: cross sectional study

ObjectiveIdentifying factors associated with depression will help health care providers to design programs which improve quality of services provided to the inpatients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with depression among admitted patients at Adare General Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia, 2017/2018.ResultThe mean age of the respondents was...

“There is no reward penny for going out and picking up youths”: issues in the design of accessible youth healthcare services in rural northern Sweden

ObjectiveThere is a continuing challenge to ensure equitable access to youth healthcare services in small rural communities. Sweden’s ‘youth clinic’ system is an attempt to provide comprehensive youth health services from a single centre, but many small rural communities have not adopted the youth clinic model. This study uses one case study to examine what the issues might be in...

Effect of bladder distension on arginine vasopressin secretion in rats

ObjectiveUrine production is regulated throughout the night to ensure that it remains within functional bladder capacity. Increasing bladder capacity may thus play an important role in urine production. We investigated arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion in female rats anesthetized with urethane in the daytime and nighttime under distended/empty bladder conditions. Chronological...

Measles case, immunization coverage and its determinant factors among 12–23 month children, in Bassona Worena Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, 2018

ObjectiveThe aims of this study were: (1) to calculate measles vaccination coverage and characterize its determinants, and (2) to qualitatively explore factors associated with reasons associated with not immunization a child.ResultIn this study, the measles immunization coverage was 71.3%. The main reasons for not using the immunization services were lack of knowledge about...