Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa

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List of Papers (Total 282)

Mensuração de coping no ambiente ocupacional

Coping represents the way people commonly react to stress. These reactions are related to personal factors, situational demands and available resources (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). However, measures of general coping rarely fully contemplate situational factors. Coping measures in occupational settings should take into account available resources, should be easy to answer and...

O Provão de Psicologia: objetivos, problemas, conseqüências e sugestões

The Brazilian Federal Government, through the Ministry of Education, devised the National Course Examination in order to evaluate the several Brazilian undergraduate courses and point out possible academic education deficiencies. The first Psychology National Course Examination was carried in 2000 and since then it has being annually carried out for all Psychology senior students...

Validade dos testes psicológicos: será possível reencontrar o caminho?

Since the work of Cronbach and Meehl of mid last century, the concept of validity of the tests in Psychology and Education has been loosing its original meaning. Despite the intention of the authors to precisely save this concept, the introduction of the model of the nomological network, conceived within the framework of the logical positivism, was in fact decisive to destroy the...

O conceito de resistência na Psicoterapia Grupo-Analítica: repensando um caminho

The author makes a study of the resistance in group based on the work of Siegmund Heinrich Foulkes, founder of the Group-Analytic Psychotherapy. Foulkes used the concepts of the Psychology of Gestalt and of the Theory of the Field to understand the change process´ in their groups, although those references passed unnoticed, maybe for the epistemological difficulty that he found...

Um retrato da área de Neurociência e comportamento no Brasil

Neuroscience comprises the study of the neural control of vegetative, sensory and motor functions; of the locomotion, reproduction and feeding behaviors; and of the mechanisms of attention, memory, learning, emotion, language and communication. It has, therefore, an important area of interface with Psychology. Among its goals, neuroscience seeks to explain the mechanisms of...

Moral e Ética: uma leitura psicológica

ABSTRACT After nearly a century of reflections and investigations, as it would be expected, the classical theoretical referentials of Moral Psychology show signs of exhaustion. Consequently, new perspectives open up, including the theoretical approach that takes the name of 'ethic personality', whose thesis is: to understand the moral behavior (duties) of individuals, one needs...

O estado da arte da pesquisa brasileira em Psicologia do Trabalho e Organizacional

This paper systematically reviews the scientific articles, published in Brazil, on human doing at work and personnel management in organizations. The analysis takes into account the professional field in the Country, the national graduate courses and journals, and the international production. Issues related to method, content and beneficiaries of the published production are...

Avaliação psicológica no Brasil: fundamentos, situação atual e direções para o futuro

ABSTRACT This article presents an overview of important issues in the area of psychological assessment for the last 25 years in Brazil. It discusses the area's epistemological elements as well as their relations to science, and the integration of nomothetic and idiographic thinking in research with professional practice. It is presented a historical overview of major events and a...