Environmental Earth Sciences

http://link.springer.com/journal/12665

List of Papers (Total 376)

Characterization of karst structures using quasi-3D electrical resistivity tomography

Karst is characteristically complex, hydrogeologically, due to a high degree of heterogeneity, which is often typified by specific features, for example, cavities and sinkholes, embedded in a landscape with significant spatial variability of weathering. Characterization of such heterogeneity is challenging with conventional hydrogeological methods, however, geophysical tools...

Reconstruction and characterization of the surface drainage system functioning during extreme rainfall: the analysis with use of the ALS-LIDAR data—the case study in two small flysch catchments (Outer Carpathian, Poland)

A surface drainage system (SDS) controls catchment hydrology and acts as an indicator of geomorphologic processes. In this study, a field-based and GIS-integrated approach enabling reconstruction of a surface drainage system, which operates during heavy rainfall in small flysch catchments, has been proposed. The reconstruction is based on the ALS-LIDAR data. The reconstruction of...

Ecological risk assessment of metals and metalloid in bottom sediments of water reservoir located in the key anthropogenic “hot spot” area (Poland)

Study was aimed to assess the potential ecological risk of nine metals (Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) and one metalloid (As) in bottom sediments of the Dzierżno Duże Reservoir located in the key anthropogenic “hot spot” area—Upper Silesian Industrial Region (Poland). Sediments were collected in seven sampling sites, along the main axis of a reservoir. Statistical...

Legacy of the International Year of Pulses

The nutritional value of pulses for humans and the importance they have for improving sustainability of agricultural systems had been acknowledged by declaring 2016 as the International Year of Pulses (IYP). Awareness raising activities on the many benefits of pulses for food security, nutrition and agricultural systems were carried out worldwide by FAO and its partners, as well...

Alluvial aquifer thickness and bedrock structure delineation by electromagnetic methods in the highlands of Bolivia

The porous aquifers in the area called Challapampa are the most important groundwater reservoirs that supply drinking water to Oruro city in the highlands of Bolivia. They consist of unconsolidated fluvial–lacustrine deposits, resting on a complex sedimentary bedrock and covered by a thin surficial clay layer. The settings of these geological units and the structures governing...

Rise and reduction of induced earthquakes in the Groningen gas field, 1991–2018: statistical trends, social impacts, and policy change

Over 320 induced earthquakes with magnitude M ≥ 1.5, including 38 with M ≥ 2.5 in the Groningen gas field, the Netherlands, are statistically analysed, and their societal impacts and recent policy changes reviewed. Increased seismicity indicates that the 900 km2 large, 3 km deep and 100 m thick sandstone reservoir has become increasingly vulnerable to further extraction...

Sinkhole formation hazard assessment

Sinkholes forming as a result of loss of stability of shallow voids of natural or anthropogenic origin (mining activity) pose a serious hazard to buildings and infrastructure and especially to the inhabitants of the area. The paper presents an example of the verification of the author’s mathematical model of forecasting the formation of sinkholes. The verification was performed...

Socioenvironmental issues of river bed material extraction in the Himalayan piedmont (India)

The present study focuses on the Balason river running through the Himalayan piedmont zone (near Siliguri, India). The objective of the study is an assessment of the environmental effects of river bed material extraction by humans and the dependence of indigenous people on the river and its ecosystem services. The analysis is based on results of field work consisting of geodetic...

Initial observations of water quality indicators in the unconfined shallow aquifer in Dili City, Timor-Leste: suggestions for its management

The management of groundwater quality is a critical issue in developing nations where sanitation and drinking water targets are commonly addressed by facilitating access to groundwater, which is then managed as a common-pool resource. We investigate the quality of the shallow unconfined groundwater in Dili’s alluvial fan system, which 50% of Dili’s rapidly growing population use...

Rebuttal to “The case of the Biscayne Bay and aquifer near Miami, Florida: density-driven flow of seawater or gravitationally driven discharge of deep saline groundwater?” by Weyer (Environ Earth Sci 2018, 77:1–16)

A recent paper by Weyer (Environ Earth Sci 2018, 77:1–16) challenges the widely accepted interpretation of groundwater heads and salinities in the coastal Biscayne aquifer near Miami, Florida, USA. Weyer (2018) suggests that the body of saltwater that underlies fresh groundwater just inland of the coast is not a recirculating wedge of seawater, but results instead from upward...

Effect on reclamation on mercury concentration in groundwater: a case study of Luboń Chemical Plant (Poznań, Poland)

Luboń Chemical Plant (Poland), founded in 1914, is the place where many products such as superphosphate, hydrofluoric acid, sulfuric acid, aluminum fluoride, potassium fluoroborate, vanadium catalyst and other chemicals and post-production waste have been produced and stored. The main products manufactured by Luboń Chemical Plant are powdered superphosphate (obtained from apatite...

International conference on novel methods for subsurface characterization and monitoring: from theory to practice: NovCare 2017

The NovCare 2017 International Conference (Novel Methods for Subsurface Characterization and Monitoring: From Theory to Practice) took place in June 2017 and was the fifth conference in a series that has proven to be an excellent forum for exchanging ideas and experiences related to the challenges of subsurface characterization and monitoring. Some of the presented work is...