Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

https://link.springer.com/journal/10967

List of Papers (Total 341)

Radioxenon net count calculations revisited

Since 1998, there have been improvements in the capability to detect atmospheric radioxenon in the International Monitoring System operated by the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization. The upgrades have resulted in next-generation versions of the radioxenon systems. This paper explores radioxenon data analysis improvements beyond the...

Use of 3D mesh geometries and additive manufacturing in neutron beam experiments

PGAI-NT, a neutron-based element composition and structure analysis method, is well applicable to the non-destructive characterization of valuable artefacts, paleontological, bulk geological samples or to industrial reverse engineering. To set up the measurement geometry and scanning positions for items with unconstrained shapes, sizes, and matrices, accurate knowledge of the...

Clay-salt slimes of the “Belaruskali” - novel sorbents for management of liquid radioactive wastes and decontamination of environmental water streams

Clay-salt slimes, production wastes from “Belaruskali” (A Belarusian factory, producing potash fertilizers), have been tested as a low-cost, eco-friendly potential sorbent for the removal of radionuclides from aqueous solutions, and may be a component of the cement filling of drums used in the storage of radioactive wastes. The efficiency of sorptive removal of caesium(I)-137...

Extension of experimental activation cross-sections database of deuteron induced nuclear reactions on manganese up to 50 MeV

In the frame of a systematic study of activation cross sections of deuteron induced reactions, experimental cross section data were measured on Mn (monoisotopic 55Mn) up to 50 MeV for the formation of 56,54,52Mn, 48V and 51Cr by using stacked-foil activation method and high resolution gamma spectrometry. The experimental data are compared with the earlier published data and with...

Recommended nuclear data for medical radioisotope production: diagnostic positron emitters

An IAEA coordinated research project that began in 2012 and ended in 2016 was primarily dedicated to the compilation, evaluation and recommendation of cross-section data for the production of medical radionuclides. One significant part of this work focused on diagnostic positron emitters. These particular studies consist of 69 reactions for direct and indirect or generator...

Changes of biodiesel composition after electron beam irradiation

The study of the influence of external factors on FAME is increasingly being taken up with research topics. Under natural conditions, they are subject to aging. However, such studies are time-consuming, and it is difficult to find the right aging inhibitors. In the presented work an attempt was made to apply ionizing radiation to induce changes in FAME. On the basis of GC–MS...

Long-range transport of radiocaesium derived from global fallout and the Fukushima accident in the Pacific Ocean since 1953 through 2017—Part I: Source term and surface transport

Long range transport of radiocaesium derived from local fallout occurred early 1950s, global fallout which occurred mainly late 1950s and early 1960s and the Fukushima accident occurred in 2011 were investigated and presented for ocean surface in the Pacific Ocean. HAM database and its update were used in this study to present whole history of radioccaesium transport in surface...

Study of fast and slow consecutive processes by heterogeneous isotope exchange using P-32 radiotracer

The sorption of phosphate on soils is studied by radioisotopic tracer method. Two consecutive processes with rather different rates were differentiated: namely the heterogeneous isotope exchange between the phosphate in the soil solution and the weakly sorbed phosphate (fast reaction), and the transformation of weakly sorbed phosphate to tightly sorbed phosphate (slow reaction...

Recommended nuclear data for medical radioisotope production: diagnostic gamma emitters

An extensive series of evaluations have been performed as part of an IAEA coordinated research project to study a set of nuclear reactions that produce the diagnostic gamma-ray emitting radionuclides 51Cr, 99mTc, 111In, 123I and 201Tl. Recommended cross-section data in the form of excitation functions have been derived, along with quantifications of their uncertainties. These...

Chemical and radioanalytical investigations of 106Ru-containing air filters from Vienna in fall 2017: searching for stable element anomalies

Related to the recent nuclear release of radioactive ruthenium isotopes in fall 2017, we analyzed air filters from Vienna for irregularities in the (stable) elemental composition of particulate matter from this period. Methods were SEM/EDXS and INAA. For comparison, a reference filter from 2007 and blank filters were used. The chemical fingerprint encompassed 28 elements. The...

Adsorption characteristics of a clinoptilolite-rich zeolite compound for Sr and Cs

The Sr and Cs adsorption capacities of LithoFill™, LithoGran™ and a competing clinoptilolite containing zeolite product were investigated by radioanalytical methods (85Sr and 134Cs gamma spectroscopy). The dependence of adsorption and adsorption rate on physical factors including temperature, available ions and time were assessed. In addition, the reversibility of adsorption...

Time evolution of Fukushima-derived radiocesium in the western subtropical gyre of the North Pacific Ocean by 2017

In 2015–2017, we measured activity concentration of radiocesium in the western subtropical gyre of the North Pacific Ocean and revealed the time evolution of radiocesium derived from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1) accident between 2011 and 2017. The FNPP1-derived radiocesium deposited on the area south of the Kuroshio/Kuroshio Extension Currents in March 2011...

Medical activated charcoal tablets as a cheap tool for passive monitoring of gaseous 131I activity in air of nuclear medicine departments

It is well known that monitoring of radioactivity released from nuclear medicine departments is necessary to ensure the radiological safety of patients and personnel. Unfortunately, equipment for air sampling is often expensive, loud and is not suitable to use in hospitals. Our goal was to find cheap and simple system for passive monitoring of 131I activity concentration in the...

Preparation of uranium(III) in a molten chloride salt: a redox mechanistic study

The most advanced methodology for the pyroprocessing of spent nuclear fuel is the electrorefining of uranium metal in LiCl–KCl eutectic, in which uranium is solubilized as U(III). The production of U(III) in LiCl–KCl eutectic by the chlorination of uranium metal using BiCl3 has been performed for research purposes. In this work, this reaction was studied in-situ by visual...

Radiosynthesis and reactivity of N-[11C]methyl carbamoylimidazole

N-Methyl carbamoylimidazole is a safe and practical alternative to methyl isocyanate for carbamoylation reactions. We have developed a new chemical route for its synthesis from methyl iodide and applied this to the synthesis of N-[11C]methyl carbamoylimidazole as a new [11C]synthon to radiolabel biomolecules for PET imaging research. N-[11C]methyl carbamoylimidazole was prepared...

The chemo- enzymatic synthesis of labeled l-amino acids and some of their derivatives

This review compiles the combined chemical and enzymatic synthesis of aromatic l-amino acids (l-phenylalanine, l-tyrosine, l-DOPA, l-tryptophan, and their derivatives and precursors) specifically labeled with carbon and hydrogen isotopes, which were elaborated in our research group by the past 20 years. These compounds could be then employed to characterize the mechanisms of...